Press Release

In 2020 significant decrease recorded in international freight transport

Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) data show that in 2020, compared to 2019, freight carried in transport by land and pipeline has reduced by 14.2 %, but at ports – by 28 %.

101.2 million tons of freights were carried by land and pipeline transport, a decrease of 16.8 million tons or 14.2 % compared to a year ago.

In 2020 rail transport freights comprised 24 million tons, which is 42.3 % less than in 2019. National freights by rail comprised 2.1 million tonnes – 21.1 % more. In international traffic the volume of freight carried by rail comprised 21.9 million tons, reduction of 45 %. Of which export freight transport – 2 million tons, 11.3 % less, import freight transport – 16.3 million tons, drop of 50.7 %, but goods in transit – 3.6 million tons, 20.9 % less. In 2020 transport freights via Latvian ports comprised 14.6 million tons, which is 53.8 % less than in 2019.

Freights by road comprised 75.7 million tons, which is 2.6 % more than in 2019. National freights comprised 60 million tonnes, 7.6 % more. International freights accounted for 15.7 million tons – 12.6 % less. Of which 4.5 million tons accounted for export freight – 4.8 % more, but import freight 3.1 million tons – 6.2 % less. Cross-trade and cabotage freights comprised 8.1 million tons, 21.9 % less than in the previous year. 76.3 % of total road freights were transportation for hire or reward. They fell by 0.8 %.

1.5 million tonnes of oil products were transported via main pipeline, which is 43.9 % less.

Freight transport by road and pipeline transport
(million tonnes)

 

2018

2019

2020

Changes, %

2020/2019

Total

128.7

118.0

101.2

-14.2

rail transport

49.3

41.5

24.0

-42.3

road transport

76.7

73.8

75.7

2.6

pipeline transport

2.7

2.7

1.5

-43.9

Drop of freight transport by road and pipeline transport was observed in all quarters: In the 1st quarter – by 24.1 %, in the 2nd quarter – by 14.7 %, in the 3rd quarter – by 17.8 %, but in the 4th quarter – by 0.7 %.

Freight transport by road and pipeline transport in quarters of 2019 and 2020
(million tonnes)

 

I,

2019

I,

2020

Changes, %

I, 2020 / I, 2019

II,

2019

II,

2020

Changes, %

II, 2020 /

II, 2019

III,

2019

III,

2020

Changes, %

III, 2020 /

III, 2019

IV,

2019

IV,

2020

Changes, %

IV, 2020 /

IV, 2019

Total

27.4

20.8

-24.1

30.0

25.6

-14.7

31.5

25.9

-17.8

29.1

28.9

-0.7

rail transport

11.7

6.0

-48.7

10.3

5.6

-45.6

9.7

5.9

-39.7

9.8

6.5

-33.8

road transport

14.7

14.3

-2.1

19.1

19.7

3.0

21.3

19.7

-7.8

18.7

22.0

17.9

pipeline transport

1.0

0.5

-44.6

0.6

0.3

-43.0

0.5

0.3

-44.0

0.6

0.4

-43.6

 

In 2020 drop registered in freight turnover at all ports

In 2020 freight turnover at Latvian ports was the lowest since 1995. Freights loaded and unloaded at ports comprised 44.9 million tons, which is 28 % less than in 2019. Freight turnover at Riga port was 23.7 million tonnes, 27.7 % less, at Ventspils port – 12.9 million tonnes or 36.9 % less, at Liepāja port – 6.6 million tonne or 10 % less, but at minor ports – 1.7 million tonnes or 5 % less.

Freights loaded at ports comprised 35.3 million tons, which is 33.3 % less than in 2019. Volume of main freights shipped reduced. Most significant was drop of volume of coal loaded onto ships by 13.4 million tonnes or 79.6 %. Oil products shipped reduced by 3.1 million tonnes or 27.5 %. Volume of timber loaded reduced by 10.2 %, of freights in containers – by 0.4 %, of roll on/roll off – by 8.3 %, of mineral fertilisers – by 21.8 %, of wood chips – by 14.2 %. But volume of grain and grain products increased by 11 %.

9.6 million freights were unloaded at ports, their volume rose by 1.7 %. Oil products unloaded increased by 10.8 %. Volume of building materials unloaded rose by 19.3 %. Volume of various metals and articles thereof remained at the level of the previous year (rise of 0.1 %), but volume of wood chips – increased 7.5 times. But the volume of unloaded freights in containers and roll on/ roll off fell by 10.7 % and 11.5 %, respectively.

Reduction in freight turnover at ports in quarters remained relatively stable: in the 1st quarter drop in freight turnover at ports comprised 29.3 %, in the 2nd quarter – 30.9 %, in the 3rd quarter – 28.7 %, but in the 4th quarter – 22.9 %.

Freights loaded and unloaded at Latvian ports in quarters of 2019 and 2020
(million tonnes)

 

I,

2019

I,

2020

Changes, %

I, 2020 / I, 2019

II,

2019

II,

2020

Changes, %

II, 2020 /

II, 2019

III,

2019

III,

2020

Changes, %

III, 2020 /

III, 2019

IV,

2019

IV,

2020

Changes, %

IV, 2020 /

IV, 2019

Total

17.17

12.14

-29.3

15.20

10.50

-30.9

14.88

10.61

-28.7

15.13

11.67

-22.9

Riga port

8.35

6.36

-23.8

7.81

5.50

-29.5

7.76

5.80

-25.3

8.85

6.03

-31.9

Ventspils port

6.38

3.72

-41.7

5.16

3.08

-40.3

5.06

2.84

-43.9

3.85

3.26

-15.4

Liepāja port

1.89

1.58

-16.3

1.76

1.50

-14.9

1.66

1.60

-3.5

2.02

1.92

-5.1

Minor ports

0.55

0.48

-12.9

0.47

0.42

-10.5

0.40

0.37

-6.1

0.41

0.46

13.2

Airport “Rīga” loaded and unloaded 23.2 thousand tonnes of freights or 14.8 % less.

More information on freight transport is available in Official statistics portal section “Freight transport”.

 

Media requests:
Communication Section
media@csb.gov.lv
Phone: +371 67366621, +371 27880666

More information on the data:
Vida Lukaševiča
Transport and Tourism Statistics Section
E-mail: Vida.Lukasevica@csb.gov.lv
Phone: +371 67366681

 

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