Freight turnover decreases at ports and inby rail, while freight transport by road is increasing.
Freight turnover decreases at ports
In 2017, freights transported to and from Latvian ports accounted for 61.9 million tonnes, which is 2 % less than in 2016. 54.2 million tonnes of freight were shipped from ports, which was 3.7 % less than a year ago. The reduction in the volume of freights shipped was mainly caused by a decrease in the volume of oil products by 16.9 %, as well as of grain and grain products – by 8.9 %, of timber – by 5.8 %, of mineral fertilisers – by 20 %. In turn, volume of coal loaded increased by 5.2 %, goods in containers – by 13.1 % and roll on/roll off – by 14.4 %. The volume of freights received at ports rose by 11.9 %. This was mainly due to rise in the volume of unloaded goods in containers and roll on/roll off by 14.2 % and 14.8 %, respectively, as well as due to increase in oil products unloaded by 16.1 %.
Riga International Airport received and shipped 23.4 thousand tonnes of cargo, which was 20 % more than in 2016.
Freight transport by rail has reduced
In 2017, 43.8 million tonnes of freight were carried by rail, which is a decrease of 8.4 % compared to 2016. National freights by rail accounted for 1.6 million tonnes – 11.3 % more. In international traffic the volume of freights carried by rail reduced by 4.2 million tonnes or 9.1 %. Freight traffic by rail to/from ports of Latvia fell by 11.3 %, their share in international traffic comprised 83.2 %.
Freight transport by road is increasing
In 2017, 68 million tonnes of freight were carried by road, which is a rise of 4.6 million tonnes or 7.3 % compared to 2016. Growth in the volume of freights was mainly determined by increase of 32.5 % in the transportation of products of mining and quarrying. The bulk (76.7 %) of the total freight volumes by road was national freight, where the indicator increased by 3.8 million tonnes or 7.8 %. International freight traffic rose by 0.8 million tonnes (5.7 %).