Recreational and business trips of Latvian residents
Main aim of the Population survey on recreational and business trips is to obtain information on same-day or overnight trips of Latvian population, other trips of personal nature and business trips outside the usual environment in Latvia (domestic tourism) and abroad (outbound tourism).
During the survey, the following information is obtained: number of travellers, age and gender of the travellers, purpose of the trip, duration of the trip, destination of the trip, mode of transport and kind of accommodation used, as well as expenditures made during the trip.
The acquired data correspond with the requirements of the Regulation (EU) No 692/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2011 concerning European statistics on tourism, making it possible to compare the travelling habits of Latvian residents with those of the residents of Estonia, Germany, Italy and other EU countries.
Concepts and definitions
Tourism of Latvian population across Latvia. Domestic tourism is most popular form of tourism, as domestic tourism activities are available to wider sectors of population.
Trips of Latvian population outside Latvia.
Package or complex tourism service
Combination of at least two different types of tourism services in the same trip or holiday purpose. Complex tourism service consists of transport, accommodation, catering and other trip related ancillary services combined by one service provider, and that is sold for total price.
Any natural person travelling outside one's usual environment. Depending on the length of stay, there are same-day visitors – travellers who do not stay overnight outside their usual place of residence in public or private accommodation establishment, and overnight visitors – travellers.
Natural person who travels outside one's usual place of residence for no more than one year, stays at a public or private accommodation establishment for at least one night and does not take up any paid employment in the visited place.
A place where a person normally spends the daily period of rest, regardless of temporary absences. The following persons alone shall be considered to be usual residents of a specific geographical area: (i) those who have lived in their place of usual residence for a continuous period of at least 12 months before the reference time; or (ii) those who arrived in their place of usual residence during the 12 months before the reference period with the intention of staying there for at least one year
Usual environment means the geographical area, though not necessarily a contiguous one within which an individual conducts his regular life routines and shall be determined on the basis of the following criteria: the crossing of administrative borders or the distance from the place of usual residence, the duration of the visit, the frequency of the visit, the purpose of the visit.
Total expenditure of travellers
Total expenditure includes consumer goods and services bought during the trip and before the trip: transport, accommodation and catering services, visas, insurance, admission tickets to cultural, sports and entertainment events, personal purchases, e.g., food, clothing, souvenirs, valuables (for oneself and for presents), hardware, camera and other trip-related expenditure.
Total expenditure includes:
- personal expenditure;
- expenditure paid by third party, e.g., ticket, transport paid by friends and relatives, fuel paid by the employer, daily allowance and other expenditure if their value is known.
Total expenditure excludes:
- purchase of real estate;
- purchase of goods for resale;
- donations to charitable organizations (including money that is given to relatives, friends);
- expenditure related to real estate improvement and repair.
Visits to friends and relatives
Trips with the purpose of gaining new knowledge and experience, conclusion of deals or execution of official duties, participation in congresses, seminars, exhibitions, fairs, presentation of lectures and participation in missions.
EU-15 – 15 member states of European Union: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom.
EU-25 – EU-15 and Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Malta, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia after EU enlargement on 1 May 2004.
EU-27 (2007-2013) – EU-25 and Romania and Bulgaria after EU enlargement on 1 January 2007.
EU-28 – EU-27 (2007-2013) and Croatia after enlargement of the EU on 1 July 2013.
EU-27 (as of 2020) – 27 Member States of the European Union, i.e., all countries of the EU-28 except for United Kingdom after it stopped being the member of the EU on 31 January 2020.
CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States)
Commonwealth of Independent States: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia (since September 2009 no longer belongs to the CIS), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan (associate member), Ukraine (associate member), Uzbekistan.
Private household (household)
Several persons living in one dwelling and sharing expenditures or one person having separate housekeeping.
Data collection and statistical processing
Survey method and data source
The survey covers Latvian residents over the age of 15 living in private households.
Data are obtained and collected from CSB statistical report 1-C "Survey on personal and professional trips of Latvian residents".
Information on domestic trips made by Latvian residents was obtained by surveying 12 thsd private households per year.
Two-stage sampling design is applied for survey.
First stage sampling design is a stratified systematic pps sample (probabilities proportional to size, probability for inclusion of a unit in the sample is proportional to the size of the unit). Sample units are territories. There are four sample strata formed according to the type of territories: Riga, cities under state jurisdiction (excluding Riga), other cities and rural territories.
Second stage sampling design is the simple random sampling. Sample units are private dwellings.
Data on the number of travellers, number of trips, overnight stays and expenditure during the trip are obtained generalizing information received in the surveys over the population.
Data are collected and published using:
- Classification of Administrative Territories and Territorial Units of the Republic of Latvia (CATTU);
- Eurostat standard code list of geopolitical entities.
The data published are final and are not revised.