Characteristics of foreign travellers
Data on foreign travellers who have crossed the border of Latvia are used to analyse the economic contribution of the Latvian tourism industry, as well as in the compilation of the country’s balance of payments. The data are also used in the preparation of publications of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO).
Data on foreign travellers provide information on the age and sex of the foreign travellers, their permanent country of residence, from which they have arrived, the main purpose of their trip, expenditure during the trip, accommodation establishments selected by the travellers, as well as the costs thereof. Information on expenditure data are obtained not only about the respondent but also about the expenditures of his or her family members if during the trip the respondent has covered these expenses.
Concepts and definitions
Any natural person travelling outside one's usual environment. Depending on the length of stay, there are same-day visitors – travellers who do not stay overnight outside their usual place of residence in public or private accommodation establishment, and overnight visitors – travellers.
Number of border-crossings
Country of residence
The country, in which the principal dwelling of a person is located, with the person living in it or intending to do so for a period longer than one year.
If there is uncertainty about which dwelling is the principal dwelling, it is identified from the length of time spent there during the year (i.e., at least 185 days during the calendar year).
Total expenditure of travellers
Total expenditure includes consumer goods and services bought during the trip and before the trip: transport, accommodation and catering services, visas, insurance, admission tickets to cultural, sports and entertainment events, personal purchases, e.g., food, clothing, souvenirs, valuables (for oneself and for presents), hardware, camera and other trip-related expenditure.
Total expenditure includes:
- personal expenditure;
- expenditure paid by third party, e.g., ticket, transport paid by friends and relatives, fuel paid by the employer, daily allowance and other expenditure if their value is known.
Total expenditure excludes:
- purchase of real estate;
- purchase of goods for resale;
- donations to charitable organizations (including money that is given to relatives, friends);
- expenditure related to real estate improvement and repair.
Trips with the purpose of gaining new knowledge and experience, conclusion of deals or execution of official duties, participation in congresses, seminars, exhibitions, fairs, presentation of lectures and participation in missions.
Visits to friends and relatives
EU-15 – 15 member states of European Union: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom.
EU-25 – EU-15 and Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Malta, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia after EU enlargement on 1 May 2004.
EU-27 (2007-2013) – EU-25 and Romania and Bulgaria after EU enlargement on 1 January 2007.
EU-28 – EU-27 (2007-2013) and Croatia after enlargement of the EU on 1 July 2013.
EU-27 (as of 2020) – 27 Member States of the European Union, i.e., all countries of the EU-28 except for United Kingdom after it stopped being the member of the EU on 31 January 2020.
CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States)
Commonwealth of Independent States: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia (since September 2009 no longer belongs to the CIS), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan (associate member), Ukraine (associate member), Uzbekistan.
Data collection and statistical processing
Survey method and data source
Data on border crossings are compiled based on information obtained from survey on border crossings, surveying foreign travellers aged 15 years and more leaving Latvia. Respondents are asked about their usual place of residence (country they arrived from), sex, age, purpose of the trip and expenses during the trip, excluding transport expenditure to/from.
The survey is conducted once in a quarter at border checkpoints with Russia and Belarus, on long-distance trains and at the Riga Passenger Terminal. It is conducted two to three times per week throughout the whole year at the Riga International Airport.
Data are acquired and collected from:
- CSB statistical report forms:
- 2-ports (short-term) "Survey on port activities";
- 2-airports "Survey of aircraft traffic through the airports";
- B-1 "Traveller survey", B-2 "Traveller survey";
- Information from the Bank of Latvia regarding data of Latvia's balance of payments;
- State Border Guard data on the flow of border crossings;
- Data of SJSC "Latvian State Roads" on the road transport flow.
The number of border crossings is obtained applying weight coefficients, which are calculated dividing the total number of border crossings with the number of surveyed persons in the respective border check point.
Data are collected and published in line with the codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions (Eurostat standard code list of geopolitical entities).
The data published are final and are not revised.