Press Release

Data on wages and salaries and factors impacting them have been compiled

Data of the Structure of Earnings Survey (SES) of the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that in 2018 the highest paid wages and salaries were in occupational group ship and aircraft controllers and technicians, whose gross monthly wage on average comprised EUR 3 279. Also managers of information and communication technologies sector (EUR 2 931) and software and applications developers and analysts (EUR 2 644) were among the best paid occupational groups.

Structure of Earnings Survey is carried out once in four years in all European Union member states, according to a common methodology, which ensures comparability of indicators and simultaneously avoiding excessive burden on data providers.

The best paid employee occupational groups in 2018

Name and code of the occupational group according to Classification of Occupations of the Republic of Latvia

Average gross monthly wages and salaries in 2018, in EUR

Ship and aircraft controllers and technicians (315)

3 279

Information and communications technology service managers (133)

2 931

Software and applications developers and analysts (251)

2 644

Medical doctors (221)

2 543

Legal professionals (261)

2 162

Database and network professionals (252)

2 106

Ships' deck crews and related workers (835)

2 034

Sales, marketing and public relations professionals (243)

2 021

Sales, marketing and development managers (122)

1 990

Hotel and restaurant managers (141)

1 961


Street vendors had the smallest wages and salaries

Sellers selling miscellaneous goods (except food)  on the street, stadiums, cinemas, theatres and other public places, on average earned EUR 518 a month before taxes, which is the lowest indicator among all occupational groups. Child care workers and teachers’ aides also had the lowest wages and salaries – EUR 588, refuse collectors – EUR 621, food preparation assistants – EUR 625, domestic, hotel and office cleaners and helpers – EUR 632, as well as clothing manufacturers, personal care workers, fishery workers, hunters and trappers, whose wages and salaries before taxes comprised less than EUR 700.

Employees with higher education had better wages and salaries

Employees of both sexes with higher education were better paid than employees with secondary and basic, also with professional education, however, females earned less than males in all groups of educational attainment in 2018.

Males and females with doctorate degree (EUR 12.40 and 10.25, respectively) and with master's degree (EUR 9.80 and 7.57, respectively) had the highest average hourly remuneration. Employees with education that is lower than primary education, average hourly remuneration comprised EUR 3.50 for males and EUR 3.14 – for females.


Size of wages and salaries also depend on the number of years worked in the enterprise or institution

In 2018 employees with service increment from 15 to 19 years had the highest average monthly wages and salaries, but employees that had worked for less than one year – the lowest. Average wages and salaries did not differ significantly of employees with 1 to 9 years of work experience and of those who had worked 30 and more years in one enterprise or institution.

More than one fourth of employees have collective agreement

Structure of Earnings Survey also compiled information on collective agreements and overtime worked and paid. Collective agreement can be suggested both by employer and by representatives of employees or organizations. When concluding collective agreement, employees gain more favourable employment conditions as compared to the corresponding normative acts in force.

In 2018, 27 % of employees were included in collective agreement. The largest share of covered employees of the total number of employees in the sector was in education (64.0 %), health and social care (61.3 %) and energy (65.1 %) sectors.

Plant and machine operators mostly are carrying out paid overtime work

In 2018, 5.1 % of the total number of employees were working paid overtime. According to the data provided by employers, paid overtime was mostly indicated for employees of plant and machine operators and assemblers major occupational groups – overtime was registered for 11.8 % of employees. The least paid overtime is indicated for managers (1.4 %) and professionals (2.4 %).

Breakdown of the number of employees by major occupational groups with pay for overtime


Number of employees, thousand

of which, with overtime, thousand

Share, %





















Service and sales workers




Skilled agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers




Craft and related trades workers




Plant and machine operators and assemblers




Elementary occupations




Aim of the survey was to acquire information on average wages and salaries and factors impacting them – both those that characterize employee, and employer. Data are available in breakdown by sex, age, level of education, occupational group, number of years worked at employer, kind of agreement, work load and existence of collective agreement of the employee, in breakdown by sectors, group and region of employer's enterprise size where the employee actually works. Information is also available on overtime and its pay.

Main indicators are average regular hourly and monthly wages and salaries in October 2018 and average monthly wages and salaries with irregular allowances and supplements in 2018.


More information on the results of Structure of Earnings Survey in Latvia in 2018 is available in the CSB database section "Structure of Earnings Survey".

Information on methodology of the survey is available in the CSB web site section "Structure of Earnings Survey".


Media requests:
Communication Section

Phone: +371 67366989, +371 27880666

More information on data:
Lija Luste
Wage Statistics Section
Phone: +371 67366917


Release date
Share this press release:

Statistical themes related to this press release