The CSB improves statistics on gender equality
To enhance discussion in society regarding gender equality, the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) has compiled data on differences between situation of males and that of females in society in Latvia and in the Baltic States.
In the new CSB website section “Gender equality indicators” differences between genders are looked at in the areas of education, employment, health care, social security and power. Alongside data sources, analytical descriptions on current trends in gender equality in Latvia are available.
Comparison of the Baltic States is available in the new interactive publication “Females and male in the Baltic States”. The publication was made up as a cooperation project among the Baltic States in 2019, and along the aforementioned gender equality subjects it also includes comparison in the areas of use of information technologies and tourism.
Females in Latvia and in the EU receive 16 % smaller wages and salaries than males
In Latvia average wages and salaries of female are 15.7 % smaller than that of males. In the EU this indicator is similar (16 %). The widest gender pay gap was recorded in Estonia, where females earn 25.6 % less than males, but in Lithuania this indicator is smaller – 15.2 %. The smallest gender pay gap may be observed among young people aged under 25 – at this age females receive 13.9 % less than males, and in the age group 55–64 (12.3 %).
Comparison of full-time and part-time employees shows that in Latvia earnings of part-time employed females are 7.6 % lower than that of males, while among full-time workers (working 40 hours per week) gender pay gap reaches 19.3 %, which is the highest indicator in the EU in 2018. The greatest gender pay gap may be observed in financial and insurance activities (29.8 %).
Only every fourth local government in Latvia is run by a female
Legislation of Latvia ensures equal rights to both genders, still representation of males and females in leading positions is not equal.
Comparing all three Baltic States, the largest share of females is in the Latvian Parliament (Saeima), where 31 female out of 100 members was elected in the last election in 2018. In the last election in Estonia (Riigikogu) in 2019, 29 females out of 101 member or 29 % were elected, but in Lithuania (Seimas) female comprised only 21 % or 30 females out of 141 member.
Also, at the level of local governments share of females is rather high in Latvia – in 2017, 34 % of members elected in local governments were females (only 29 % in Lithuania and Estonia). Even though the share of females in the Parliament is high, the number of males among mayors of local governments is higher – only every fourth (24.4 %) female ran local government in Latvia in 2017.
The Cabinet of Ministers at the moment consists of 14 ministers, three of which are females (21 %). In Estonia there are two females out of 15 ministers (13 %), but in Lithuania one female out of 14 ministers (7 %). There has been only one female Prime Minter in Latvia and Lithuania, but in Estonia no female has taken this position. There was one female President in each Baltic Country.
More information on these and other gender equality issues can be found in the new CSB website section “Gender equality indicators” and in the Baltic States publication “Women and Men in the Baltic States”.