Press Release

Number of job vacancies rose by 5.9 thousand or 23.8 % in the 2nd quarter

Data of the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that in the 2nd quarter of 2019 there were 30.5 thousand job vacancies in Latvia, which is 5.9 thousand vacancies or 23.8 % more than in the 2nd quarter of 2018. In public sector there were 8.6 thousand and in private sector 21.9 thousand vacant jobs. Over the year, the number of job vacancies in private sector grew by 4.5 thousand or 25.6 % while in public sector by 1.4 thousand or 19.3 %.

Out of the total number of jobs in Latvia (both occupied and vacant), 3.2 % positions were vacant, of which 2.9 % in public sector and 3.3 % in private sector.

Compared to the 2nd quarter of 2018, in the 2nd quarter of 2019 the number of occupied posts in the country increased by 14.0 thousand or 1.5 % (rise of 13.7 thousand or 2.2 % in private sector and of 0.4 thousand in public sector).

Occupied posts and job vacancies by sector

 

Q2 2018, thousand

Q2 2019, thousand

Changes, %

Job vacancies, total

24.6

30.5

23.8

Private sector

17.5

21.9

25.6

Public sector

7.2

8.6

19.3

Occupied posts, total

910.9

925.0

1.5

Private sector

621.4

635.1

2.2

Public sector

289.6

289.9

0.1

The highest share of job vacancies was recorded among craft and related trades workers (5 % of all jobs in this occupational group) as well as plant and machine operators and assemblers (4.1 %). Over the year, the sharpest rise was recorded in the demand for skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers, clerical support workers, elementary occupations, plant and machine operators and assemblers, as well as professionals.

Job vacancies by major occupational grouping

Job vacancies by major occupational grouping

In the 2nd quarter of 2019, the largest share of job vacancies was recorded in public administration and defence (6.1 % of the total number of jobs within the sector), construction (4.9 %), mining and quarrying (4.3 %), manufacturing (3.9 %), wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles as well as accommodation and food service activities (3.5 % in each),  and transportation and storage (3.4 %).

Job vacancies and occupied posts by main kind of economic activity

 

  Q2 2018

Q2 2019

Job vacancies, thousand

Occupied posts, thousand

Job vacancy rate, %

Job vacancies, thousand

Occupied posts, thousand

Job vacancy rate, %

Total

24.6

910.9

2.6

30.5

925.0

3.2

Agriculture, forestry and fishing (A)

0.4

22.8

1.7

0.8

23.1

3.3

Mining and quarrying (B)

0.1

3.7

2.0

0.2

3.8

4.3

Manufacturing (C)

3.5

113.4

3.0

4.5

113.2

3.9

Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (D)

0.2

12.0

1.7

0.3

11.7

2.6

Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities (E)

0.2

7.9

3.0

0.3

8.1

3.2

Construction (F)

2.6

64.2

3.9

3.4

66.3

4.9

Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (G)

4.5

145.3

3.0

5.4

148.1

3.5

Transportation and storage (H)

2.2

76.4

2.9

2.7

77.6

3.4

Accommodation and food service activities (I)

1.5

36.2

3.9

1.4

38.4

3.5

Information and communication (J)

0.7

34.3

2.1

0.7

35.1

2.1

Financial and insurance activities (K)

0.3

17.2

1.7

0.3

17.7

1.6

Real estate activities (L)

0.4

28.0

1.4

0.2

28.1

0.8

Professional, scientific and technical activities (M)

0.4

41.8

0.9

0.8

41.8

1.8

Administrative and support service activities (N)

0.9

39.0

2.3

1.2

40.6

2.9

Public administration and defence; compulsory social security (O)

3.4

64.2

5.1

4.1

63.9

6.1

Education (P)

1.0

96.7

1.1

1.3

97.6

1.3

Human health and social work activities (Q)

1.9

67.9

2.7

2.2

70.1

3.0

Arts, entertainment and recreation (R)

0.3

25.6

1.0

0.4

25.8

1.4

Other service activities (S)

0.1

14.1

0.7

0.3

14.1

1.8

At the end of the 2nd quarter of 2019, the largest share of job vacancies was observed in Riga region (3.7 % of all jobs within the capital or 19.4 thousand), whereas the lowest in Vidzeme region (2.0 % or 1.2 thousand).

CSB is compiling information on occupied posts and job vacancies in breakdown by region based on the address of the office or main activity of an enterprise or institution.

Compared to the neighbouring countries Lithuania and Estonia, Latvia has the largest share of job vacancies (3.2 %), followed by Estonia (1.8 %) and Lithuania (1.4 %). In the 2nd quarter of the year, European Union average indicator constituted 2.3 %.

Absolute changes and percentage changes are calculated from the data not converted into thousands.

Methodological explanations

 

Job vacancy is a new or existing salaried post which is vacant or will be vacant in the nearest time, and employer is taking active steps to find a suitable employee outside own enterprise, and the post may be filled immediately or within the nearest time. CSB is calculating number of job vacancies and occupies posts based on statistical reports submitted and data of the State Revenue Service.

 

To calculate the rate of job vacancies the number of job vacancies is divided by the total number of jobs (sum of occupied and vacant and jobs).

 

The data source used for job vacancy statistics is the sample survey of individual merchants, state and local government institutions, foundations, associations and funds, as well as administrative data sources.

 

Data source used for the unemployment statistics is the Labour Force Survey conducted by the CSB.

 

Private sector includes commercial companies with central or local government capital participation of up to 50 %, commercial companies of all types without central or local government capital participation, individual merchants, and agricultural holdings and fishermen farms employing with 50 and more persons.

 

Public sector is central and local government institutions and their commercial companies, companies with central or local government capital participation 50 % and over, foundations, associations, funds, and their commercial companies.

 

Media requests:
Communication Section
E-mail:
media@csb.gov.lv
Phone: +371 67366989, +371 27880666

 

More information on data:
Andžejs Čerņavskis
Wage Statistics Section
E-mail:
Andzejs.Cernavskis@csb.gov.lv
Phone: +371 67366666

 

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