On Labour Force Survey results in the 2nd quarter of 2011
The CSB has compiled the Labour Force Survey results on the 2nd quarter of 2011.3.7 thousand households were surveyed and 6.8 thousand persons aged 15-74 years were interviewed. Therefore the results on situation in labour market and population activity include this age group.In order to generalize the survey data, the calculated number of population at the beginning of 2011 is used.
The active population or labour force consists of employed persons and persons who are actively seeking a job.
Compared to the corresponding period of previous year the number of active population in 2nd quarter of 2011 has reduced by 0.7%. Almost two thirds (65.8%) of the population in this age group were active; this indicator comprised 70.4% among men and 61.6% among women.
Totally 966.5 thousand persons (55.1% of the total number of population aged 15-74 years) were employed in the country. Only 5% of them did not work due to various reasons (vocation, illness, childcare leave of up to 3 months, etc.). Both the number of employed population and the share of employed in the total population in the reference quarter has increased, if compared to both corresponding period of previous year (in 2nd quarter of 2010 936 thousand persons and 52.8%), and previous quarter (in 1st quarter of 2011 the number comprised 944.3 thousand persons and 53.8%). According to the methodology of Labour Force Survey the number employed population includes 26.1 thousand people, which still having the status of unemployed during the reference week were employed (participated in complex support activities organised by the State Employment Agency, took part in active employment project ‘’Activities for certain groups of persons’’, as well as participated in programme ‘’Work practice in local governments with stipend of LVL 100’’).
Women in the total number of employed constituted slightly higher share than men - 51.2% and 48.8%, respectively.
The livelihood of the population usually comes from various sources of income, and because of this during the survey respondents indicated several sources of income. For almost a half (48.6%) of the population in the corresponding age group main source of income was wages and salaries.
Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wages and salaries in the main job, per cent
2nd quarter 2010
1st quarter 2011
2nd quarter 2011
Up to LVL 200.00
employees receiving minimum monthly wages and salaries
LVL 200.01 – 300.00
LVL 300.01 – 500.00
LVL 500.01 – 1000.00
LVL 1000.01 and more
Was not calculated or paid
Persons who in the reference week did not work and were not temporarily absent from work (vacation, illness, etc,), and who during the last four weeks were actively seeking a job, and in case of finding it were prepared to start working within the next two weeks are considered as unemployed. Of which both unemployed registered in State Employment Agency and persons seeking for a job with using other opportunities.
The results of the survey show that in the 2nd quarter of 2011 there were 187 thousand unemployed or 16.2% of the active population in Latvia (both employed and unemployed). The number of unemployed and their share in active population during this time period has reduced, if compared to both 2nd quarter of previous year, when there were 225.3 thousand unemployed and their share comprised 19.4%, and 1st quarter of 2011 (188.3 thousand unemployed and 16.6%, respectively). The share of unemployed men in the total number of active men in the country was higher than that of women (in the share of active women, correspondingly), constituting 19.0% and 13.4%, respectively. Registered unemployment rate in the country in the 2nd quarter of 2011 comprised 13.5%, according to the data calculated on the basis of the State Employment Agency information.
Slightly more than a half (101.1 thousand persons or 54.1%) of the unemployed were long-term unemployed. Compared to the corresponding period a year before, their number has grown by 7.5 thousand. In current economic situation the number of unemployed having previous work experience is still high. In the 2nd quarter of 2011 there were 158.8 thousand unemployed having previous work experience or 84.9% of the total number of unemployed, but a year before this indicators comprised 194.9 thousand persons and 86.5%, respectively.
Apart from the employed and unemployed there is a part of the population who are not regarded as labour force and consequently they are inactive. In the 2nd quarter of 2011 there were 600.8 thousand inactive persons, and, if compared to the corresponding period of previous year, their number has diminished by 1.8%.
Pensioners in the 2nd quarter of 2011 accounted for slightly more than two fifths (44%), pupils and students who in the reference week studied full time and did not work were every fourth (28.2%), every tenth (10.3%) considered themselves as housekeepers, but every twelfth (8.3%), in turn, were persons who had been ill for a long time or disabled.
Particular attention in this group should be paid to persons who are potential unemployed, but have been discouraged or do not know where and how to find a job. Results of the survey show that during the reference quarter in the country there were 37.9 thousand persons who have been discouraged to find a job (6.3% of the total number of inactive population). Compared to the 2nd quarter of 2010, the number of persons, who have been discouraged, has decreased by 6.2 thousand.
More information on Labour Force Survey results is available in the data base of CSB Web Page.
The main indicators of Labour Force Survey in the Baltic States
Employment rate, %
Unemployment rate, %