On Labour Force Survey results in the 1st quarter of 2011
The Central Statistical Bureau has compiled the Labour Force Survey results on the 1st quarter of 2011.3.8 thousand households were surveyed and 7.1 thousand persons aged 15-74 years were interviewed.Therefore the results on situation in labour market and population activity include this age group.In order to generalize the survey data, the calculated number of population at the beginning of 2011 is used.
The active population or labour force consists of employed persons and persons who are actively seeking a job.
Compared to the corresponding period of previous year, the number of active population in 1st quarter of 2011 has reduced by 1.7%.Almost two thirds (64.6%) of the population in this age group were active; this indicator comprised 69.6% among men and 60.1% among women.
Totally 944.3 thousand persons (53.8% of the total number of population aged 15-74 years) were employed in the country.Only 3.5% of them did not work due to various reasons (vocation, illness, childcare leave of up to 3 months, etc.).In comparison with the 1st quarter of 2010, the number of employed during the reference period has increased, as has the share of employed in the total number of population (916.1 thousand persons and 51.7%, respectively), nevertheless, if compared to the previous quarter, the number of employed has diminished, but their share in the total number of population has slightly grown (in 4th quarter of 2010 951 person and 53.6%, respectively).According to the methodology of Labour Force Survey the number employed population includes 22.2 thousand people, which still having the status of unemployed during the reference week were employed (participated in complex support activities organised by the State Employment Agency, took part in active employment project ‘’Activities for certain groups of persons’’, as well as participated in programme ‘’Work practice in local governments with stipend of LVL 100’’).
Women in the total number of employed constituted slightly higher share than men - 50.7% and 49.3%, respectively.
The livelihood of the population usually comes from various sources of income, and because of this during the survey respondents indicated several sources of income.For almost a half (48%) of the population in the corresponding age group main source of income was wages and salaries.
Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wages and salaries in the main job, per cent
1st quarter 2010
4th quarter 2010
1st quarter 2011
Up to LVL 200.00
employees receiving minimum monthly wages and salaries
LVL 200.01 – 300.00
LVL 300.01 – 500.00
LVL 500.01 – 1000.00
LVL 1000.01 and more
Was not calculated or paid
Persons who in the reference week did not work and were not temporarily absent from work (vacation, illness, etc,), and who during the last four weeks were actively seeking a job, and in case of finding it were prepared to start working within the next two weeks are considered as unemployed.Of which both unemployed registered in State Employment Agency and persons seeking for a job with using other opportunities.
The results of the survey show that in the 1st quarter of 2011 there were 188.3 thousand unemployed or 16.6% of the economically active population in Latvia (both employed and unemployed).The number of unemployed and their share in active population during this period has reduced, if compared to both 1st quarter of previous year, when there were 235.8 thousand unemployed, and their share comprised 20.5%, and compared to the 4th quarter of 2010 (193.4 thousand persons and 16.9%, respectively).The share of unemployed men in the total number of active men in the country was higher than that of women (in the share of active women, correspondingly), constituting 19.0% and 14.1%, respectively. Registered unemployment rate in the country in the 1st quarter of 2011 comprised 14.4%, according to the data calculated on the basis of the State Employment Agency information.
Slightly more than a half (108.2 thousand persons or 57.5%) of the unemployed were long-term unemployed.Compared to the corresponding period a year before, their number has grown by 16.4 thousand.In current economic situation the number of employed having previous work experience is still high.In the 1st quarter of 2011 there were 167.1 thousand unemployed having previous work experience or 88.8% of the total number of unemployed, but a year before this indicators comprised 210.5 thousand persons and 89.3%, respectively.
Apart from the employed and unemployed there is a part of the population who are not regarded as labour force and consequently they are inactive.In the 1st quarter of 2011 there were 621.7 thousand inactive persons, and if compared to the corresponding period of previous year, their number has grown by 0.1%.
Out of the inactive population pensioners in the 1st quarter of 2011 accounted for slightly more than two fifths (43.9%), pupils and students who in the reference week studied full time and did not work were every third (29%), every eight (12%) considered themselves as housekeepers, every fourteenth (7.2%) were persons who had been ill for a long time or disabled.
Particular attention in this group should be paid to persons who are potential unemployed, but have been discouraged or do not know where and how to find a job.Results of the survey show that during the reference quarter in the country there were 51.4 thousand persons who have been discouraged to find a job(8.3 % of the total number of inactive population).Compared to the 1st quarter of 2010, the number of persons, who have been discouraged, has decreased by 8.6 thousand.
More information on Labour Force Survey results is available in the data base of CSB Web Page.
The main indicators of Labour Force Survey in the Baltic States
Employment rate, %
Unemployment rate, %
Persons aged 15-74
Prepared by the Employment Statistics Section
1Net wages and salaries are calculated basing on minimum gross wages and salaries.Minimum monthly wages and salaries in 2010 – LVL 180, in 2011 – LVL 200.
2Data of national Labour Force Surveys.