On Labour Force Survey results in 2010
The Central Statistical Bureau has compiled the Labour Force Survey results on 2010.15 thousand households were surveyed and 29.6 thousand persons aged 15-74 years were interviewed.Therefore the results on situation in labour market and population activity include this age group.In order to generalize the survey data, the calculated number of population at the beginning of 2010 is used.
The active population or labour force consists of employed persons and persons who are actively seeking a job.
In comparison with 2009, in 2010 the number of active population has decreased by 2.6%.Almost two thirds (65.3%) of the population in this age group were active; this indicator comprised 69.5% among men and 61.5% among women.
Totally 940.9 thousand persons (53.1% of the total number of population aged 15-74 years) in the country were employed.Only 5.3% of them did not work due to various reasons (vocation, illness, childcare leave of up to 3 months, etc.).Compared to the year before, the number of employed population in 2010 has reduced, as has the share of employed in the total number of population (in 2009 986.7 thousand persons and 55.2%, respectively).According to the methodology of Labour Force Survey the number employed population includes 23.3 thousand people, which still having the status of unemployed during the reference week were employed (participated in complex support activities organised by the State Employment Agency, took part in active employment project ‘’Activities for certain groups of persons’’, as well as participated in programme ‘’Work practice in local governments with stipend of LVL 100’’).
Women in the total number of employed constituted slightly higher share than men - 51.7% and 48.3%, respectively.
The livelihood of the population usually comes from various sources of income, and because of this during the survey respondents indicated several sources of income.For almost a half (46.8%) of the population in the corresponding age group main source of income was wages and salaries.
Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wages and salaries in the main job, per cent
Up to LVL 200.00
employees receiving minimum monthly wages and salaries or less1
LVL 200.01 – 300.00
LVL 300.01 – 500.00
LVL 500.01 – 1000.00
LVL 1000.01 and more
Was not calculated or paid
Persons who in the reference week did not work and were not temporarily absent from work (vacation, illness, etc,), and who during the last four weeks were actively seeking a job, and in case of finding it were prepared to start working within the next two weeks are considered as unemployed.Of which both unemployed registered in State Employment Agency and persons seeking for a job with using other opportunities.
The results of the survey show that in 2010 there were 216.1 thousand unemployed or 18.7% of the active population in Latvia (both employed and unemployed). Compared to the previous year, the number of unemployed in 2010 has increased (200.7 thousand persons in 2009), as has the share of unemployed in the total number of active population (in 2009 this indicator was 16.9%).The share of unemployed men in the total number of active men in the country was higher than that of women (in the share of active women, correspondingly), constituting 21.7% and 15.7%, respectively.Registered unemployment rate in the country in 2010 comprised 15.6%, according to the data calculated on the basis of the State Employment Agency information.
Almost half (97.3 thousand persons or 45%) of the total number of unemployed were long-term unemployed.Compared to 2009, their number has grown almost two times (by 44.4 thousand).In current economic situation, when employers are reducing number of employees in their businesses and demand for labour force in the labour market is decreasing, the share of unemployed having work experience remains high.In 2010 there were 190.2 thousand unemployed having previous work experience or 88% of the total number of unemployed, but in 2009 this indicators comprised 176.9 thousand and 88.1%.
Apart from the employed and unemployed there is a part of the population who are not regarded as labour force and consequently they are inactive.In 2010 there were 615.8 thousand inactive persons, and if compared to 2009, their number has grown by 2.8%.
Of these, pensioners in 2010 accounted for slightly more than two fifths (44.3%), pupils and students who in the reference week studied full time and did not work were every fourth (28.4%), every tenth (10%) considered themselves as housekeepers, every thirteenth (7.9%) were persons who had been ill for a long time or disabled.
Particular attention in this group should be paid to persons who are potential unemployed but have been discouraged or do not know where and how to find a job.Results of the survey show that in 2010 in the country there were 51.9 thousand persons who have been discouraged to find a job(8.4% of the total number of inactive population).Compared to 2009, the number of persons, who have been discouraged, has increased by 13.1 thousand.
More information on Labour Force Survey results is available in the data base of CSB Web Page.
The main indicators of Labour Force Survey in the Baltic States
Employment rate (aged 15-64), %
Unemployment rate (aged 15-74), %
Prepared by the Employment Statistics Section
1 Net wages and salaries are calculated basing on minimum gross wages and salaries. In 2009 and 2010 minimum monthly wages and salaries comprised LVL 180.
2 CSB data