On Labour Force Survey results in 4th quarter of 2010
The Central Statistical Bureau has compiled the Labour Force Survey results on the 4th quarter of 2010. 3.8 thousand households were surveyed and 7.3 thousand persons aged 15-74 years were interviewed. Therefore the results on situation in labour market and population activity include this age group. In order to generalize the survey data, the calculated number of population at the beginning of 2010 is used.
The active population or labour force consists of employed persons and persons who are actively seeking a job.
Compared to the corresponding period a year before, the number of active population in 4th quarter of 2010 has reduced by 1.5%. Almost two thirds (64.5%) of the population in this age group were active; this indicator comprised 68.9% among men and 60.7% among women.
Totally 950.4 thousand persons (53.6% of the total number of population aged 15-74 years) in the country were employed. Only 3.9% of them did not work due to various reasons (vocation, illness, childcare leave of up to 3 months, etc.). Both the number of employed population and share of employed in the total population in the reference quarter has increased, if compared to the corresponding period of previous year (in 4th quarter of 2009 932.6 thousand persons and 52.2%), but in comparison with the previous quarter it has diminished (in 3rd quarter of 2010 the number comprised 960.4 thousand persons and 54.2%). According to the methodology of Labour Force Survey the number employed population includes 24.9 thousand people, which still having the status of unemployed during the reference week were employed (participated in complex support activities organised by the State Employment Agency, took part in active employment project ‘’Activities for certain groups of persons’’, as well as starting with September 2009 participated programme ‘’Work practice in local governments with stipend of LVL 100’’).
Women in the total number of employed constituted slightly higher share than men - 50.7% and 49.3%, respectively.
The livelihood of the population usually comes from various sources of income, and because of this during the survey respondents indicated several sources of income. For almost a half (47.6%) of the population in the corresponding age group main source of income was wages and salaries.
Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wages and salaries in the main job, per cent
4th quarter 2009
3rd quarter 2010
4th quarter 2010
Up to LVL 200.00
Employees receiving minimum monthly wages and salaries
LVL 200.01 – -300.00
LVL 300.01 – -500.00
LVL 500.01 – -1000.00
LVL 1000.01 and more
Was not calculated or paid
Persons who in the reference week did not work and were not temporarily absent from work (vacation, illness, etc,), and who during the last four weeks were actively seeking a job, and in case of finding it were prepared to start working within the next two weeks are considered as unemployed. Of which both unemployed registered in State Employment Agency and persons seeking for a job with using other opportunities.
The results of the survey show that in the 4th quarter of 2010 there were 193.8 thousand unemployed or 16.9% of the active population in Latvia (both employed and unemployed). Number of unemployed and their share in active population during this period has reduced, if compared to both corresponding period of previous year, when there were 229.4 thousand unemployed, and their share comprised 19.7%, and compared to the 3rd quarter of 2010 (210.2 thousand persons and 18.0%, respectively). The share of unemployed men in the total number of active men in the country was higher than that of women (in the share of active women, correspondingly), constituting 18.5% and 15.3%, respectively. Registered unemployment rate in the country in the 4th quarter of 2010 comprised 14.4%, according to the data calculated on the basis of the State Employment Agency information.
Slightly more than a half (107.3 thousand or 55.4%) of the unemployed were long-term unemployed. Compared to the corresponding period a year before, their number has grown by 37.3 thousand. In current economic situation the number of employed having previous work experience is still high. In the 4th quarter of 2010 there were 173.3 thousand unemployed having previous work experience or 89.4% of the total number of unemployed, but a year before this indicators comprised 196.4 thousand persons and 85.6%, respectively.
Apart from the employed and unemployed there is a part of the population who are not regarded as labour force and consequently they are inactive. In the 4th quarter of 2010 there were 628.7 thousand inactive persons, and if compared to the corresponding period a year before their number has grown by 0.7%.
Pensioners in the 4th quarter of 2010 accounted for slightly more than two fifths (44.3%) of inactive population, pupils and students who in the reference week studied full time and did not work were every third (30%), every tenth (10.5%) considered themselves as housekeepers, every thirteenth (7.7%) were persons who had been ill for a long time or disabled.
Particular attention in this group should be paid to persons who are potential unemployed, but have been discouraged or do not know where and how to find a job. Results of the survey show that during the reference quarter in the country there were 55.6 thousand persons who have been discouraged to find a job (8.8% of the total number of inactive population). Compared to the 4th quarter of 2009, the number of persons, who have been discouraged, has increased by 11.4 thousand.
The main indicators of Labour Force Survey in the Baltic States
Employment rate, %
Unemployment rate, %
Persons aged 15-74
Data source: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/
More information on Labour Force Survey results is available in the data base of CSB Web Page.
Prepared by the Employment Statistics Section
1 Net wages and salaries are calculated basing on minimum gross wages and salaries. In 2009 and 2010 minimum monthly wages and salaries comprised LVL 180.
2 Labour Force Survey data of the corresponding countries.