On Labour Force Survey results in 3rd quarter of 2010
The Central Statistical Bureau has compiled the Labour Force Survey results on the 3rd quarter of 2010. By means of random sampling 6 thousand households were selected and 7.5 thousand persons aged 15-74 years were interviewed. Therefore the results on situation in labour market and population activity include this age group. In order to generalize the survey data, the calculated number of population at the beginning of 2010 was used.
The active population or labour force consists of employed persons and persons who are actively seeking a job.
Compared to the corresponding period of previous year, the number of active population in 3rd quarter of 2010 has increased by 0.1%. Two thirds (66%) of the population in this age group were economically active; this indicator comprised 70% among men and 62.5% among women.
Totally 960.4 thousand persons (54.2% of the total number of population aged 15-74 years) in the country were employed. Only 6.7% of them did not work due to various reasons (vocation, illness, childcare leave of up to 3 months, etc.).
Number of employed and their share in the total number of population in the 3rd quarter of this year has increased compared to both corresponding period of previous year (953.9 thousand persons and 53.4%) and 2nd quarter of this year (935.9 thousand persons and 52.8%).
According to the methodology of Labour Force Survey the number employed population includes 27.7 thousand people, which still having the status of unemployed during the reference week were employed (participated in complex support activities, took part in active employment project ‘’Activities for certain groups of persons’’, as well as starting with September 2009 participated programme ‘’Work practice in local governments with stipend of LVL 100’’).
Women in the total number of employed constituted slightly higher share than men - 51.3% and 48.7%, respectively.
The livelihood of the population usually comes from various sources of income, and because of this during the survey respondents indicated several sources of income. For almost a half (47%) of the population in the corresponding age group main source of income was wages and salaries.
Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wages and salaries in the main job, per cent
3rd quarter 2009
2nd quarter 2010
3rd quarter 2010
Up to LVL 200.00
Employees receiving minimum monthly wages and salaries
LVL 200.01 – 300.00
LVL 300.01 – 500.00
LVL 500.01 – 1000.00
LVL 1000.01 and more
Was not calculated or paid
Persons who in the reference week did not work and were not temporarily absent from work (vacation, illness, etc,), and who during the last four weeks were actively seeking a job, and in case of finding it were prepared to start working within the next two weeks are considered as unemployed. Of which both unemployed registered in State Employment Agency and persons seeking for a job with using other opportunities.
The results of the survey show that in the 3rd quarter of 2010 there were 210.2 thousand unemployed or 18% of the active population in Latvia (both employed and unemployed). Number of unemployed and their share in active population during this period has reduced compared to both corresponding period of previous year, when there were 214.9 thousand unemployed, and their share comprised 18.4%, and compared to the 2nd quarter of 2010 (225.8 thousand persons and 19.4%, respectively). The share of unemployed men in the total number of active men in the country was higher than that of women (in the share of active women, correspondingly), constituting 20% and 15.9%, respectively. Registered unemployment rate in the country in the 3rd quarter of 2010 comprised 15.1%, according to the data calculated on the basis of the State Employment Agency information.
Almost half (97.9 thousand persons or 46.6%) of the total number of unemployed were long-term unemployed. Compared to the corresponding period a year before, their number has grown almost two times (by 41.2 thousand). In current economic situation the number of employed having previous work experience is still high. In the 3rd quarter of 2010 there were 183.3 thousand unemployed having previous work experience or 87.2% of the total number of unemployed, but year before this indicators comprised 183.9 thousand persons and 85.6%, respectively.
Apart from the employed and unemployed there is a part of the population who are not regarded as labour force and consequently they are inactive. In the 3rd quarter of 2010 there were 602.3 thousand inactive persons, and if compared to the corresponding period of previous year their number has diminished by 2.5%.
Pensioners in the 3rd quarter of 2010 accounted for slightly more than two fifths (45.4%), pupils and students who in the reference week studied full time and did not work were every fourth (27.7%), every tenth (10.3%) considered themselves as housekeepers, but every twelfth (8.6%), in turn, were persons who had been ill for a long time or disabled.
Particular attention in this group should be paid to persons who are potential unemployed, but have been discouraged or do not know where and how to find a job. The survey results show that during a reference quarter the number of such persons comprised 47.4 thousand (7.9% of the economically inactive population), and it is 7.2 thousand persons more than in the 3rd quarter of 2009.
More information on Labour Force Survey results is available in the data base of CSB Web Page.
Employment rate, %
Unemployment rate, %
3rd quarter 2
Persons aged 15-74
Data source: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/
1 - Net wages and salaries are calculated basing on minimum gross wages and salaries. In 2009 and 2010 minimum monthly wages and salaries comprised LVL 180.
2 - Labour Force Survey data of corresponding countries.
Prepared by the Employment Statistics Section