Females in decision-making positions equally represented in all three Baltic countries
Statistics on Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia summarised by the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that in the Baltic states representation of women in decision-making is low, however women number tends to prevail in judiciary posts.
Out of 100 members in the current parliament of Latvia (Saeima) women account for 16. Women representation in the parliament of Lithuania (Seimas) is higher – 30 out of 141 members (21 %), whereas the proportion of women in the parliament of Estonia (Riigikogu) is even more larger – 27 females out of 101 members (27 %).
Representation of women in government is similar in all three Baltic countries. In the Cabinet of Ministers of Latvia currently there are three female ministers out of 14 (21 %), in the government of Lithuania – three out of 15 (20 %) and in the government of Estonia – four out of 15 (27 %).
In the last local government election held in Latvia, females accounted for 31 % of the persons elected, regardless of the fact that women constituted 41 % and men 59 % of the total candidate number. Representation of women in the number of local government members in Estonia is equal to that in Latvia (31 %), while in Lithuania it is lower – 25 %. In 2005, Lithuanian and Estonian indicator was somewhat similar to that recorded now, whereas in Latvia it was 11 percentage points higher.
The data on 2016 indicate the largest share of female ambassadors and heads of missions in Latvia and Estonia – 32 %, Lithuania follows with 26 %. Since 2005, the Lithuanian indicator has grown significantly – by 17 percentage points, compared to the rise of 6 percentage points in Estonia and of 3 percentage points in Latvia.
In 2015, women in the national police and national border guard offices of all three Baltic countries accounted for approximately one third of the total employee number – 37 % in Latvia, 36 % in Lithuania and 34 % in Estonia. Over the decade, the indicator has increased notably in Lithuania (by 15 percentage points) and Latvia (by 14 percentage points), while in Estonia females constituted 33 % of the police structural unit employees already in 2005.
In 2015, the largest proportion of women working under the judicial system was observed in Latvia (78 %), followed by 63 % in Estonia and 61 % in Lithuania. The Latvian and Lithuanian indicators have risen by 7 percentage points since 2005.
In 2015, women constituted 88 % of the total number of Latvian notaries. The indicator in Lithuania was equally high (87 %), while in Estonia it was slightly lower (77 %). Over a ten-year period, the proportion has remained fairly stable in all three Baltic countries. In Latvia women constituted half (50 %) of the advocate number, in Estonia – almost a half (45 %), and in Lithuania the share comprised 38 %.
The largest share of women is employed in the Estonian prosecutor's office1 – 71 % in 2015, compared to 62 % in Latvia and 50 % in Lithuania. Over a decade, the proportion of females working in prosecutor's office in Lithuania has risen by 9 percentage points, whereas in Latvia and Estonia it almost has not changed.
Infographic “Women and Power in the Baltic States”.
1 The Office of the Prosecutor General, Offices of Prosecutors in judicial regions and Offices of Prosecutor of districts (republic cities).