Number of active women in Latvia exceeds the EU average indicator
Female activity rate* in Latvia exceeds the European Union (EU) average rate by 4.9 percentage points. In 2015, Latvian indicator accounted for 63.2 %, while EU average – for 58.3 %. The data of the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) and Eurostat show thatthe share of inactive females in Latvia was lower than the EU average rate – 36.8 % and 41.7 % in 2015, respectively.
Compared to men, women more often are working full-time in both Latvia and the EU. In 2015, 10.8 % of employed Latvian women worked part-time, whereas in the EU the indicator was 3 times higher – 32.6 %.
In Latvia, women in the main job on average worked 4.5 hours per week more than on average in the EU (last year those were 37.4 hours in Latvia and 32.9 hours in the EU), while the number of hours worked per week by men was similar – 39.2 hours and 39.4 hours, respectively.
In both Latvia and the EU certain professions and economic activities engage mainly one gender. In Latvia women constitute a large proportion of persons employed in education and human health and social work activities, in comparison to men who predominate in construction. Major occupational groups of service and sales workers and clerical support workers are engaging large share of women (75.3 % and 74.1 % of the persons employed in those occupations in 2015, respectively). Whereas plant and machine operators and assemblers, as well as craft and related trades workers are the most masculine occupational groups (92.4 % and 83.6 %, respectively).
In Latvia, similarly to other EU countries, women tend to earn less than men. In 2015, the average gross wages and salaries of women were by 16.2 % lower than those of men. The bulk of women are employed in economic activities with low average wages and salaries – accommodation and food service activities; arts and entertainment; wholesale and retail trade; human health and social work activities.
The CSB publication Women and Men in Latvia contains the latest information on demographic indicators, activity indicators, wages and salaries, educational attainment, state of health, etc. information characterising women and men. The collection of statistics is based on the CSB surveys as well as administrative data received from various public authorities. The publication is available online at ej.uz/siev_vir_CSP.
* Employed and unemployed persons.