Welfare changes in households in 3rd quarter of 2010
Data of the survey* on welfare of households carried out by the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) shows that situation in households has improved slightly.
Share of households (%) indicating the worsening of welfare during last 12 months
Main reasons for welfare worsening were: reduction of wages and salaries; growth of prices of food products and other goods of prime necessity; loss of job; discontinuation of job seeking, because person was discouraged to find a job; delay of wages and salaries, etc. reasons.
But in 16% of the households where members were looking for a job someone found it (in 1st quarter – 11%, in 2nd quarter – 14%). But 11% of the households in which someone had own business, in turn, reported that demand for the goods produced in their business has grown (in 1st quarter – 7%, in 2nd quarter – 8%).
Considering the reduction of the income and current economic situation, during the last 12 months population saved their resources in various ways.
Share of households (%) taking measures to save
Limitation or postpone of clothing purchase
Reduction of the consumption of basic food products (potatoes, bread, pearl barley, eggs, milk etc.)
Cancelled or postponed doctor visit due to the economic reasons
Did not use medication prescribed by the doctor because of the lack of resources to purchase it
Had to delay payments of rent or public utilities
Financial savings of the household are significant to ensure the economic stability, but, just like prior, approximately four fifths (81%) of the households admitted that there are no such. 50% of all surveyed households having such savings admitted that during the last 12 months they have reduced. In case when these savings are the only source of resources, for more than a half (53%) of the households they would be a sufficient amount for one to four months.
To improve the economic situation households receive formal (state and local government) and informal (relatives, friends, etc.) aid.
According to the survey data, 11% of the households received aid from state and local governments (in 1st quarter - 10%, in 2nd quarter - 11%). The share of households, which received financial aid from relatives or friends, has not changed significantly – 12%. But 5% of the households, in turn, had financial aid from relatives or friends living abroad.
CSB will continue to carry out such survey every quarter and will inform on the survey results on regular basis.
Prepared by Employment Statistics Section
* To obtain information on household welfare in 3rd quarter of 2010 CSB continued to carry out a survey, which was developed with a support of the experts from World Bank. During a survey one of the household members was asked on changes of the economic situation in household during the last 12 months. In the survey in the 3rd quarter of 2010 information was obtained from 3.6 thousand households.