Social care and out-of-family care
Data on social care are used to estimate the number of residents in care institutions, reasons for placing persons there as well as number of such institutions in Latvia.
Data on out-of-family care are used to estimate the number of children under guardianship, number of families childcare rights of which were terminated or renewed. Data on activities on adoption are used to estimate the number of adopted children from out-of-family care (guardian, foster family, child care institution).
Terms and definitions
A family or a person providing care to a child, who temporarily or permanently is deprived of family environment, and in whose interests staying with own family is inadmissible until the moment, when the child can either return to his/her family or, if this is not possible, is adopted, placed under guardianship or in a child care institution.
Custody is the rights and duties of parents to care for the child and his or her property and to represent the child in his or her personal and property relations. Care for a child means his or her care, supervision and the right to determine his or her place of residence.
Care, which is ensured with a guardian, foster family, child care institution for orphans and children who have been left without parental care.
Child care institution
A social institution ensuring the social care and social rehabilitation for orphans and children left without parental care, as well as for children which need social rehabilitation or special care due to health conditions.
Long-term social care institution and social rehabilitation institution
Survey method and data source
Data of social care on number child care and social rehabilitation institutions residents are acquired with the help of full-scope survey. Data source used to acquire the information is the Report of the Ministry of Welfare of the Republic of Latvia "Survey of the activities long-term social care and social rehabilitation institutions".
Starting from 1 January 2010, 33 direct state administration institutions under supervision of the Ministry of Welfare (social care centres) were reorganised by merging them and creating five new direct state administration institutions on their basis–regional social care centres. Due to the mentioned reorganisation, starting from 2010 the institutions providing long-term social care and social rehabilitation services to children are not separated from ones providing these services to adults. One institution may provide long-term social care and social rehabilitation services to both children and adults.
Data on orphan’s courts and guardianship are acquired the report "Orphan’s court report on activity" of the State Inspectorate for Protection of Children's Rights of the Republic of Latvia. Data included in the reports cover country as a whole and total numbers in cities under state jurisdiction, as well as breakdown of information by counties and age.
Data on adoption are acquired with the help of prepared data of the Ministry of Welfare on adoption during the year.
Contact person on methodology
Social Statistics Data Processing Section