Expenditure on social protection (ESSPROS)
Data regarding expenditure on social protection by ESSPROS classification are used to characterise European Union Member States by using statistically comparable information on organisation of social protection, its current situation and development.
Terms and definitions
European System of Integrated Social Protection Statistics uniting statistically comparable information on organization of social protection, its current state and development in the Member States. Social benefits are classified basing on the function. The function of a social benefit concerns principal goal for which the social protection is provided. There are following main functions:
- Sickness/health care – financial aid or medical care in case of physical or mental disease, except disability. Includes, e.g., outpatient care and hospitalization, sickness benefit, support for the purchase of compensated medicinal products etc.
- Disability – support in cash or kind (except costs for health care) in connection with the physical or mental inability to be engaged in economic and social activities. Includes, e.g., disability pensions, social and professional rehabilitation etc.
- Old age – support in cash or kind (except costs for health care) in connection with old age, e.g., old-age pension, health care for old-age people, etc.
- Survivors – support in cash or king due to the death of the family member, e.g., survivor’s pension.
- Family/children – support in cash or kind (except costs for health care) in connection with the costs related to pregnancy, childbirth and adoption, bringing up children and caring for other family members. Includes, e.g., child care benefit, state family allowance, etc.
- Unemployment – support in cash or kind because of the unemployment, e.g., unemployment benefit, professional training of unemployed, etc.
- Housing – social support towards the cost of housing, e.g., provision of activities of social houses, etc.
- Social exclusion not else-where classified – support in cash or kind (except health care) especially envisaged for the fight with social exclusion not covered in any other function, e.g., for the provision of activities of centres for asylum seekers and crisis centres, local government allowances for the orphaned children to begin independent life, etc.
The base of the social security for the protection of population in case when risks set in, the main aim of it is to eliminate arisen losses and influence of those losses in peoples’ ability to ensure sufficient life quality in certain situation on their own.
Social protection encompasses all interventions from public or private bodies intended to relieve households and individuals of the burden of a defined set of risks or needs.
Those risks or needs that may arise necessity for social protection are: sickness and/or health care; disability; old age; survivors; family/children; unemployment; housing; and social exclusion not elsewhere classified.
Social protection expenditure (ESSPROS)
Social protection expenditure is classified as follows:
- social protection benefits – support of state or private institutions in cash or in kind to households and individuals to relieve them of the burden of one or more of the defined risks or needs.
- administration costs – administration costs include outgoings on registration of beneficiaries, collection of contributions, administration of benefits, inspection, reinsurance, financial management and overheads.
- other costs – other costs consisting of different expenditure for social protection schemes, e.g., interest payments of long-term loans from Special Budget of State Pensions.
Survey method and data source
Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) every year compiles and publishes information on social protection. This information is harmonized according to the ESSPROS (European System of Integrated Social Protection Statistics) methodology developed by the Eurostat. The development of ESSPROS methodology was launched in 1963, it was gradually improved, and in 1996 the manual of ESSPROS was published. In 2008 an updated ESSPROS manual with changes in ESSPROS methodology was published.
Statistics related to data provision for the ESSPROS core system includes data on income and expenditure flow of social protection. Expenditure on social protection are broken down by social allowances, administrative costs and other costs. Social benefits are classified by their function: sickness and/or health care; disability; old age; survivors; family/children; unemployment; housing; and social exclusion.
Data are obtained from Ministry of Welfare and institutions under its supervision (State Social Insurance Agency, State Employment Agency), from National Health Service, Ministry of the Interior (Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs supervised by it), Ministry of Defence, Maintenance Guarantee Fund and Ministry of Culture etc.
Data cover the whole territory of the Republic of Latvia.
Data are classified using The European System of Integrated Social Protection Statistics (ESSPROS): general principles and core system; classification of benefits in core system.
Contact person on methodology
Social Statistics Data Processing Section