Household budget and consumption expenditure
The main objective of the Household Budget Survey (HBS) is to estimate the level and structure of household consumption expenditure in country as a whole, in regions, urban and rural areas, as well as in various household groups.
HBS is a source of information for the calculation of Consumer Price Index (inflation) and estimation of the Gross Domestic Product, as well as allows analysing consumption of food products in households.
In 2017 and 2018, the Household Budget Survey will not be conducted, as it is planned to be carried out every three years thereafter. The next survey is planned in 2019, publication of database accordingly in 2020.
Terms and definitions
Consumption expenditure [Household Budget Survey]
Value of goods and services (in cash and kind), which are used for individual consumption.
According to the international Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose for Household Budget Survey (ECOICOP/HBS) all consumption expenditure is divided into 12 groups as to their functional meaning. Data are given as a total in cash and in kind.
4th group of the consumption expenditure "Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels" at national level does not include imputed rent, i.e., imputed rent of a dwelling occupied by owner, which is taken into account, when comparing data among the European Union Member States.
Consumption expenditure does not include expenditure on private entrepreneurship and expenditure having investment character, as well as expenditure related to the re-payment of credits and their service.
Consumption expenditure is compiled in cash and in kind at prices of the corresponding year. Consumption expenditure in kind includes food products obtained by themselves from personal plot of land, fishing and hunting, received free of charge from other households or employer, as well as firewood obtained by households themselves. Expenditure in kind is estimated at market prices. Also services received from employer or local government free of charge or partly paid are included in the consumption expenditure in kind.
Consumption of food products
Main breadwinner of the household is a person who has the highest contribution to the common household budget (in cash and kind) not only during the survey month, but within the last 3–6 months.
For farmer households this period covers last 12 months.
Private household (household)
Several persons living in one dwelling and sharing expenditures or one person having separate housekeeping.
Quintile [Household Budget Survey]
One fifth (20%) of the number of surveyed households grouped in increasing sequence according to the disposable income per one household member.
Quintile groups are used in the Household Budget Survey to study differentiation (stratification) of households according to consumption, analyse structure of expenditure in households and carry out other researches.
Territorial breakdown by place of residence of the respondent
Urban area – administrative territory, to which municipal status is granted.
Rural area – administrative territory, to which no municipal status is granted.
Statistical regions – Riga region, Pierīga region, Vidzeme region, Kurzeme region, Zemgale region, Latgale region.
Territorial breakdown by regions was set according to the Classification of Administrative Territories and Territorial Units approved by the Cabinet with the Regulation No 152 of March 21, 2017.
Survey method and data source
Method used to collect Household Budget Survey data is personal interview with an individual living in a household that has responded to the CSB request to participate in the survey as well as agreed to make regular records in a Diary registering consumption expenditure thereof. Usually respondent is a household member – an adult who has the most extensive information on household as whole. Participation in the survey is voluntary.
The information is collected with the help of two core questionnaires: household consumption expenditure diary and household questionnaire.
Household diary is filled in by respondents themselves over a two-week period. In the diary, respondents register all regular household consumption expenditure as well as consumption of food products obtained from their kitchen garden or received free of charge.
Household questionnaire is completed by an interviewer. It consists of two parts: preliminary interview and final interview. Preliminary interview contains questions related to the background characteristics of the household – its composition, labour status of its members, dwelling characteristics, while final interview is aimed at asking about expenditure on housing utilities and miscellaneous goods and services, as well as level of total household income.
The basic unit of the survey is private household. The survey does not cover the collective households (homes for the elderly, homes for disabled children, students` hostels, hotels, soldiers' barracks, hospitals, sanatoria, places of liberty deprivation, etc.).
Sample is evenly distributed throughout the whole territory of Latvia. Survey includes all persons living in the particular household.
|Year||Sample size||Number of responding households||Response rate, %||Non-response rate,%||Of which refusals, %|
|2002||6 158||3 949||65||35||13|
|2003||6 001||3 631||62||38||17|
|2004||6 513||3 913||61||39||18|
|2005||7 429||3 774||52||48||21|
|2006||9 004||4 051||45||55||25|
|2007||9 470||3 565||40||60||25|
|2008||10 281||4 002||41||59||26|
|2009||10 267||4 359||45||55||28|
|2010||9 407||3 798||43||57||32|
|2011||9 983||3 769||40||60||32|
|2012||10 559||3 791||37||63||33|
|2013||11 196||3 931||36||64||35|
|2014||11 205||3 713||34||66||33|
|2015||11 222||3 844||35||65||30|
|2016||11 186||3 263||30||70||33|
HBS has a two-stage stratified sample, stratifying addresses by the degree of urbanisation: Riga, eight largest cities (Daugavpils, Jēkabpils, Jelgava, Jūrmala, Liepāja, Rēzekne, Valmiera, Ventspils), other towns, rural areas. The counting areas of the Population and Housing Census are used as primary sample unit (PSU) within each stratum. The annual address sample is evenly distributed over time and space.
In the Household Budget Survey following classifications are used:
- Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose. The aim of the COICOP/HBS classification is to provide harmonised information in compliance with the requirements of Eurostat and other international statistical organisations and to ensure data comparability in the calculations of individual consumption. Until 2014 data available according to COICOP classification, in turn starting from 2015 consumption expenditure are published according to European Individual Consumption According to Purpose (ECOICOP), consequently, the data are comparable only till the class level. ECOICOP replaces the COICOP classification used before. Consumption expenditure according to COICOP for the period until 2014 will still be available for data users in the database.
- Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS).
- Classification of Administrative Territories and Territorial Units of the Republic of Latvia (CATTU).
- Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in European Community (NACE Rev. 2).
- EU version of the International Standardised Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88 (COM)).
- Classification of Occupations.
- International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED).
Contact person on methodology
Central Statistical Bureau Social Statistics Department