Data on health care are compiled with an aim to acquire statistical information on health care (number of physicians and medical care persons having secondary medical education, key indicators on use of hospitals, number of outpatient institutions and visits, emergency care services, incidence of various illnesses (number of new cases and incidence rates), new cases and prior recorded disability and accidents at work).
Terms and definitions
A medical practitioner who has acquired an education, which conforms to the requirements laid down in the Law On Regulated Professions and Recognition of Professional Qualifications, and who with scientifically grounded medical activities, directly or indirectly affects humans and within the scope of his or her professional activities:
- performs illness prophylaxis, diagnosis, medical treatment and medical rehabilitation of the patient;
- evaluates illnesses and the functional restrictions to the body caused thereof, at the activity and participation level;
- investigates the origin of illnesses and the prophylactic possibilities.
Physician in service training
A physician without the certificate in his/her speciality who works under the guidance of a certified physician.
A nurse is a medical care person, who has completed an education according to the law “On Regulated Professions and the Recognition of Professional Qualification”. Within the framework of the professional activity, nurses:
- provide care of the patients;
- participate in the treatment process;
- manage work of the patients’ care;
- educate patients in the health issues;
- provide professional education.
A physician acquiring accredited professional medical education programme for resident doctors and has labour relations with medical institution implementing respective curriculum.
A disability is a long-term or non-transitional very severe, severe or moderate level limited functioning which affects a person’s mental or physical abilities, ability to work, self-care and integration into society.
Accident at work
Accident at work is exceptional occurrence that took place during one working day or a shift, after which health disorders are caused to a person, or there is probability that health disorders might occur (risk of infection), or death of person involved occurred.
Survey method and data source
Data on health care are obtained with the help of full-scope survey from several data sources.
Information in the chapter on health care was drawn from the surveys, publications and databases of the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention of Latvia, State Commission of Physicians for Health and Work Capacity and State Labour Inspection.
Data on health care are classified by:
- International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Health Problems (ICD-10);
- Classification of Administrative Territories and Territorial Units of the Republic of Latvia (CATTU 2005).
Contact person on methodology
Social Statistics Data Compilation and Analysis Section