Housing conditions (EU-SILC survey)
EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey also provides information on housing conditions – general characterisation of dwelling, dwelling type, housing deprivation, as well as housing costs and influence thereof on household financial situation.
Terms and definitions
Dwelling [EU-SILC survey]
One or several residential rooms envisaged for permanent residence (residential house, apartment in multi-dwelling building, room in communal apartment, etc.).
Usually dwelling has a definite address.
Housing costs [EU-SILC survey]
- rent for housing (only for tenants);
- housing property tax (only for owners);
- heating, electricity, water supply and sewerage, waste disposal, etc. payments related to dwelling;
- expenditure for current housing repair and regular maintenance;
- expenditure on housing insurance.
Disposable (net) income
Cash income from labour, employee income in kind received by using company car for private needs estimated in cash, income or losses received from self-employment, received pensions and benefits, regular material assistance from other households, profit from interests of deposits, dividends, shares, income received by children aged under 16, income from property rental, receipts for tax adjustments from State Revenue Service (for business activities, eligible costs–education, medical treatment etc.).
From this total amount of income the following are deducted: real estate tax, amount of money regularly given to other households, amount paid to State Revenue Service due to unpaid or insufficiently paid income tax.
Private household (household)
Several persons living in one dwelling and sharing expenditures or one person having separate housekeeping.
Data collection and processing
Survey method and data source
Information on housing conditions are acquired with the help of Community Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC). One of the main study objects of the EU-SILC is annual income of a household – their composition and level.
In order to acquire information four questionnaires were developed: Household Register, Household Questionnaire Form and Individual Questionnaire Form. Each questionnaire has its own aim and information in each questionnaire does not overlap with information in other forms. Fourth form is a module questionnaire that each year aims at researching different theme.
Household Register is questionnaire, which includes general information on each household member. It is mainly demographic information on persons living in the household, as well as on those persons, who have left the household.
Household Questionnaire Form includes questions concerning the household generally. It includes following questions: housing and housing conditions, housing costs, economic situation of the household, total household income, inter-household transfers and agricultural production in household.
Individual Questionnaire Form is filled in on each household member aged 16 and over. It includes questions on employment, income, education and health.
Survey is based also on data of the State Revenue Service on natural persons/taxpayers and State Social Insurance Agency data on state pensions and benefits.
The basic unit of EU-SILC survey is persons living in private households. Survey does not include collective households (old peoples’ homes, boarding schools for disabled children, student hostels, hotels, barracks, hospitals, sanatoriums, prisons, etc.).
During the survey information was obtained on whole household as well as on each household member aged 16 and over. Households belonging to longitudinal section are surveyed for several years (maximum 4 years). In Latvia four-year rotation panel is used and all household members, who in the first survey year were at age of at least 14, are sample respondents.
|Year||Sample size of EU-SILC||Completed questionnaire sets||Individual interviews (persons)||Non-response rate|
|2018||7 972||5 833||10 785||26.8%|
|2017||8 087||6 014||11 304||25,6%|
|2016||8 022||6 042||11 637||24,7%|
|2015||8 008||6 113||11 726||23,7%|
|2014||8 209||6 125||11 929||25,4%|
|2013||8 510||6 309||12 442||25,9%|
|2012||8 572||6 499||12 964||24,2%|
|2011||8 463||6 599||13 503||22,0%|
|2010||8 151||6 255||12 999||23,3%|
|2009||7 610||5 797||12 207||23,8%|
|2008||7 042||5 196||10 910||26,2%|
|2007||6 717||4 471||9 270||33,4%|
|2006||6 018||4 315||9 071||28,3%|
|2005||5 813||3 843||7 913||33,9%|
EU-SILC data are extrapolated on all private household and household members living in these households. Weighting process includes application of design weights, which are corrected by actual response rate. Additional data are calibrated by population sex and age.
In the survey Community Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) following classifications are used:
- International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08);
- Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 2);
- International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED).
Contact person on methodology
Central Statistical Bureau Social Statistics Department