Every fourth doctorate holder is not related to scientific research
Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) has repeatedly carried out a sample Survey on Doctorate Holders. The aim of the survey was to acquire internationally comparable information on further careers and scientific activities of doctorate holders. In Latvia out of 3.5 thousand doctorate holders aged under 69 years survey included 1.5 thousand.
According to the survey data, every third (32%) doctorate holder has doctoral degree of natural sciences, 20% - of engineering and technology, but 19% are doctors of social sciences.
|Doctorate holders by the field of the doctorate degree (%)|
81% of the total number of doctorate holders have gained their degree in Latvia, but 19% - abroad (in 2006 this share comprised 72% and 28%, respectively). Russia, Belarus and European Union countries Lithuania, Estonia, Sweden and France were the countries, where the doctorate degree was gained, mentioned the most often.
More than a half (59%) of the doctorate holders aged under 69 years gained their degree during the time period from1990. Average age of the doctorate holders, who gained their degree during the time period from 2007 to 2009, was 39 years, and 65% of their total number were women.
|Doctorate holders by age group|
According to the survey data, 89% of the total number of doctorate holders in 2009 were employed, of which 86% worked full-time (in 2006 95% of doctorate holders were employed, of which 91% were full-time employed). 75% of the total number of doctorate holders are engaged in research. 42% of respondents mentioned academic post in higher education institutions as their main job.
Only for 45% of the doctorate holders the daily work is related to the field where the doctorate degree was obtained, for the 35% it is partly related, but for 20% - not related at all.
In 2009 annual gross wages in Latvia comprised LVL 5.5 thousand, but average gross wages and salaries of the doctorate holders is noticeably higher – LVL 16 thousand (for males – LVL 18 thousand, for females – LVL 14 thousand). Wages and salaries of the doctorate holders, which gained their degree in medical sciences, were higher (LVL 25 thousand), as were the wages and salaries of the social science doctorate holders (LVL 17 thousand).
Prepared by Culture, Education, Science and Health Statistics Section