Population number, its changes and density
The number of population in Latvia continues to reduce. During the last seven years (since the beginning of 2010) the number of population has dropped by 186 thousand reaching 1 million 934 thousand at the beginning of 2018. The rate of reduction of the number of population in 2017 comprised 1.04 % as compared to 2.16 % in 2010.
As the number of deaths exceeded the number of births (natural movement), in 2017 the number of population in the country reduced by 7.9 thousand, but in the result of long-term migration – by 7.8 thousand. Since 1991 natural movement of population in Latvia is negative.
In 2018, population density in Latvia was 30 persons per 1 km² (in 1990–1992 – 41 person). The lowest population density was in Rucava and Rugāji counties – 3 and 4 persons per 1 km². The highest population density was in the capital, cities under state jurisdiction and counties in Riga region. For example, population density per 1 km² in Riga was 2 099 persons, but in Stopiņi county (one of the smallest counties by area – 53 km²) – 198 persons per 1 km².