Key indicator

Population number, its changes and density

The number of population in Latvia continues to reduce. During the last eight years (since the beginning of 2010) the number of population has dropped by 200 thousand reaching 1 million 920 thousand at the beginning of 2019.

Since 1991 natural movement of population in Latvia is negative. As the number of deaths exceeded the number of births (natural movement), in 2018 the number of population in the country reduced by 9.5 thousand, but in the result of long-term migration – by 4.9 thousand.

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In 2019, population density in Latvia was 30 persons per 1 km² (in 1990–1992 – 41 person). The lowest population density was in Rucava county – 3 persons per 1 km². The highest population density was in the capital, cities under state jurisdiction and counties in Riga region. For example, population density per 1 km² in Riga was 2 081 persons, but in Stopiņi county (one of the smallest counties by area – 53 km²) – 205 persons per 1 km². 

Area, population density and population (at the beginning of the year and average) in regions, cities under state jurisdiction and counties