Key indicator

Fertility rates

In 2018, overall fertility rate (number of births per 1 000 population) was 10.0. 

Crude birth rate

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In 2017, overall birth rate in 20 EU countries was smaller than in Latvia. The highest fertility rates were in Ireland (12.9 births per 1 000 population), Sweden and France (11.5) and the United Kingdom (11.4), the lowest – in Italy (7.6).

Indicator characterizing change of generation is total fertility rate. In 2018, it was 1.61 in Latvia (in 2017 – 1.70), which still is far from desired number of children needed for change of generation: 2.1-2.2. For normal change of generation fertility must increase much faster. Last time total fertility rate 2.2 in Latvia was in 1986-1987 when 42 thousand children a year were born, which was the largest number of births since 1946.

Total fertility rate

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Also in the EU (European Union) total fertility rate in 2015 in general comprised 1.58 (this indicator was from 1.31 for children in Portugal until 1.96 – for children in France).


Demographic statistics also calculates gross and net reproductive rates and age-specific death rates. 

Age-specific fertility rate is also calculated by statistical regions, cities under state jurisdiction and counties.


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