In 2018, overall fertility rate (number of births per 1 000 population) was 10.0.
In 2017, overall birth rate in 20 EU countries was smaller than in Latvia. The highest fertility rates were in Ireland (12.9 births per 1 000 population), Sweden and France (11.5) and the United Kingdom (11.4), the lowest – in Italy (7.6).
Indicator characterizing change of generation is total fertility rate. In 2018, it was 1.61 in Latvia (in 2017 – 1.70), which still is far from desired number of children needed for change of generation: 2.1-2.2. For normal change of generation fertility must increase much faster. Last time total fertility rate 2.2 in Latvia was in 1986-1987 when 42 thousand children a year were born, which was the largest number of births since 1946.
Total fertility rate
Also in the EU (European Union) total fertility rate in 2015 in general comprised 1.58 (this indicator was from 1.31 for children in Portugal until 1.96 – for children in France).
Demographic statistics also calculates gross and net reproductive rates and age-specific death rates.
Age-specific fertility rate is also calculated by statistical regions, cities under state jurisdiction and counties.
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