2011 Population and Housing Census
To obtain detailed enough view on structure and characteristics of the population. Data acquired in the Population and Housing Census will serve as information source for the strategic planning of national economy, formation of economic, social and environmental policy, regional and infrastructure development planning, scientific researches, as well as it will help to inform the society on the demographic situation in the country, living conditions, housing, education and other issues.
Part of the information included in the Population and Housing Census Programme will be obtained by compiling data of the administrative registers (Population Register, Real Estate Register and Taxpayer Register of the State Revenue Service). But there are fields not having such registers, e.g., education register, register of professions and occupations, etc. Therefore, the only potential method of information acquisition is asking relevant questions to the population.
Resident population comprises all persons who:
- have lived in Latvia for at least 12 months before the Census moment (01.03.2011);
- have arrived in Latvia within 12 months before the Census moment with an intention to spend at least one year in the country.
Persons not counted in the Census:
- registered with the Population Register, but residing outside of the territory of Latvia for more than 12 months;
- have entered the country less than 12 months before the Census moment, are residing in the country but are not planning to stay in Latvia for more than 12 months;
- individuals born after 01.03.2011;
- individuals who have died before 01.03. 2011;
- foreign armed forces, sea force and consular personnel and their family members residing the country;
The first stage of the Population and Housing Census took place from March 1 till March 12, 2011, when residents had an opportunity to fill in the questionnaires on the Internet. Within this stage of the Population and Housing Census data were acquired on 30% of the total population and on 17% of the total dwelling number.
The second stage of the Census took place from March 17 till May 31, and then interviewers visited residents at their homes. Within the second stage of the Population and Housing Census information was obtained on 83% of the persons and 97% of dwellings included in the interviewer lists. The quality of the obtained data was controlled – 3% of the work done by each interviewer were checked. The quality control verified more than 26 thousand addresses.
Considering the high interest of the population and its willingness to fill in the questionnaires on the Internet, the CSB from June 1 till 10, 2011 organised the 3rd stage of the Population and Housing Census, in which residents, which did not take part in the 1st and 2nd stage of the Census, had an opportunity to fill in the Census questionnaires on the Internet.
Within the three stages of the Population and Housing Census 2011 information was obtained on 1880 thousand persons. Nevertheless due to various reasons, e.g., non-response, unmet respondents or interviewer mistakes etc., during the Census it was not possible to obtain information on all persons registered with the Population Register of the Republic of Latvia. Therefore, to find out if the persons not surveyed can (cannot) be considered as the resident population of the Republic of Latvia, on 1 March 2011 the information of the state administrative registers was used.
The chosen criteria to determine the (non-)resident population of Latvia were the following:
person aged 0 – 17 should be included in the resident population of Latvia, if from 1 March 2010 till 28 February 2011 he/she has been registered with the State Social Insurance Agency pension data, Health Payment Center data, local government data or data of the Ministry of Education and Science;
person aged 18 – 61 should be included in the resident population of Latvia, if from 1 March 2010 till 28 February 2011 he/she has been registered with the State Revenue Service employee data bases for at least two months or with the Health Payment Center data base at least twice, or with other registers used or administrative State Revenue Service self-employed data base or local government data base at least once;
person aged 62 and over should be included in the resident population of Latvia, if from 1 March 2010 till 28 February 2011 he/she has been registered with the State Social Insurance Agency pension or social service data, Health Payment Center or local government data.
It was identified that resident population of Latvia additionally includes 188 thousand persons, but 160 thousand persons were not recognised as resident population of Latvia.
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