Imports, exports and consumption of oil products
Data on imports, exports and consumption of oil products are used to estimate the volume of consumed, imported and exported oil products in Latvia and all sectors of the national economy.
Data are compiled and calculated in compliance with the European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 (of 22 October 2008) Annex B, C and D and
Terms and definitions
Diesel oil mostly contains intermediate distillate and this category includes the transport diesel oil for diesel compression ignition (cars, trucks etc.), light heating oil for industrial and commercial uses, and marine diesel and diesel used in rail traffic.
This category also includes biodiesels oil which is used as diesel as well as the fuel of household stoves.
Kind of economic activity [energy]
Sphere of activity of the enterprise or individual that expresses itself in the produced goods or services.
The type is determined by Standard Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 1.1, starting from 2008 – NACE Rev. 2).
In 2008 the data were published according to both NACE Rev. 1.1 and NACE Rev. 2.
Total consumption [energy]
Consumption of energy resources by transformation sector, energy sector, all sectors of national economy, as well as by households.
Residual (heavy) fuel oil
This category includes oil products used as liquid fuel and fuel for transport, as well as other liquid oil products used for other needs as fuel and fuel for transport. This category includes also products mixed with oil products as additive to fuel, e.g., shale oil.
Database includes data on following products: shale oil, liquefied petroleum gases, motor and aviation petrol, petrol-type jet fuel, kerosene-type jet fuel, kerosene, diesel oil and oven fuel, residual (heavy) fuel oils, white spirit, lubricants, oil bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke, other oil products, used oils.
Exports [oil products]
Quantity of oil products transported across the state border to the third countries and to the EU Member States (without commodity flows to customs warehouses and free economic zones).
This category does not include quantity of oil products (diesel oil, residual (heavy) fuel oils, shale oil) which after mixing are supplied to ships having international passages. Quantity of these products is included in item "bunkering".
Final consumption [oil products]
Consumption of oil products by industry, transport, households, agriculture, forestry, hunting, fishery and other consumers – NACE Rev. 2 headings 33, 36–39, 45–47, 52, 53, 55, 56, 58–66, 68–75, 77–82, 84–88, 90–96, 99.
Imports of oil products
Quantity of oil products transported across the state border from the third countries and from the European Union (EU) Member States (without commodity flows from customs warehouses and free economic zones).
Imports include also quantity of oil products from customs warehouses consumed in bunkering.
Stock changes of oil products
Losses of oil products
Other oil products
Transformation sector [energy]
Represents the value of fuel consumed for the production of electricity and fuel consumed for production of sold heat.
This category includes:
- Kerosene Type Jet Fuel;
- Gasoline Type Jet Fuel (JP4) which is used in the power units of the aviation turbines;
- Other kerosene kinds used in other sectors not aircraft traffic.
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
Liquefied petroleum gas is light fractions of the paraffin row hydrocarbons obtained in the processes of oil refining in the crude oil stabilization and natural gas refinement factories.
It is mostly formed by propane or butane, or the combination of both.
Statistical differences [oil products]
Difference between calculated results (production + re-cycled products + imports – exports – bunkering + transfers + stock changes) and consumption data shown in statistical surveys.
Transfers [oil products]
Result of oil product reclassification, which emerges from mixing of oil products or when using them as additive to other oil products.
Transport sector [oil products]
Consumption of oil products by road transport, air transport, rail transport, water transport (inland waters and coastal shipping) regardless the kind of economic activity. Also the fuel consumed by households for the transport vehicles is included in the transport sector.
Data collection and statistical processing
Survey method and data source
Monthly data are surveyed and compiled in compliance with the methodology Monthly oil and gas questionnaire and Energy Statistics Manual of the Eurostat.
Annual data are collected and compiled in accordance with Eurostat methodology Annual oil Questionnaire and Energy Statistics Manual.
Data on imports and exports of oil products are acquired with the help of calculations from several data sources:
- Monthly data are acquired from:
- INTRASTAT monthly surveys of enterprises engaged in trade with the EU Member States;
- Customs declarations on trade with third countries;
- Monthly information of the State Construction Control Bureau of Latvia (until 2020 Ministry of Economics) on consumption, production and movement of oil products in compliance with the Annex 1 and 2 "Regulations on Energy Information System" to the Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No 218 of 28 May 2002. Information is compiled based on the declared data of businesses submitted to the SRS and information in customs declaration database managed by the SRS National Customs Board;
- Monthly information of the State Construction Control Bureau of Latvia (until 2020 Ministry of Economics) on state security oil stocks in Latvia;
- Monthly report 2-bunkering "Report on oil product delivery to ships and planes" – full-scope survey on supply of oil products to ships and airplanes.
- Annual data are acquired from:
- Monthly report 2-bunkering "Report on oil product delivery to ships and planes" – full-scope survey on supply of oil products to ships and airplanes;
- Annual survey 2-EK "Report on purchase and use of energy resources";
- Annual survey 1-energy "Report on production of heat and electricity";
- Customs declarations on trade with third countries;
- INTRASTAT monthly surveys of enterprises engaged in trade with EU Member States.
For the monthly data economically active enterprises with the kind of activity of the imports, exports and realization of the oil products are surveyed.
For the annual data all economically active enterprises, budgetary institutions, foundations, associations, funds engaged in the production, imports, exports, consumption and sale of oil products.
Monthly data are collected with the help of INTRASTAT sample survey, full-scope survey of customs declaration submitters, full-scope survey of monthly report 2-bunkering on supply of oil products to ships and airplanes.
Annual data are acquired by annually surveying 5 thousand respondents. Consumption of oil products in national economy is found out by surveying all state and local government enterprises of all sectors, regardless the number of employees, and by surveying other enterprises employing 80 and more persons. Data on companies employing less than 80 persons are acquired with the help of random sampling and afterwards extrapolating the acquired results
The inland consumption of oil product is calculated: imports – exports – International Marine Bunkers + stock changes + interproduct transfers + statistical differences.
Data on imports, exports and consumption of oil products are compiled in compliance with:
- EU Combined Nomenclature
- Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 2).
Contact person on methodology
Environment and Energy Statistics Section