Key structural business indicators
Data on key structural business statistics indicators are used to assess the financial situation, number of employees and other indicators in enterprises of industry, trade and services sector in breakdown by kind of economic activity, region and city under state jurisdiction.
Concepts and definitions
Wages and salaries [structural business indicators]
Total remuneration in cash or in kind employer pays to an employee as a reward for the work done.
Enterprise turnover [structural business indicators]
Income from sale of goods and provision of services, from which trade discounts as well as value added tax and other taxes directly related to sales are deducted.
Net turnover also includes payment amount for the dispatched goods, the payment for which is not yet received dispite the fact that payment documents have already been delivered to the customer or bank.
Gross operating surplus
Surplus generated by economic activities after the labour factor input has been recompensed.
It is the balance available to the enterprise which allows it to recompense the providers of own investment and repay debts, to pay taxes and eventually to finance all or a part of its investment.
Gross capital investment in tangible fixed assets
Gross capital investment in tangible fixed assets include purchase, formation and repair of fixed assets (land, buildings, costs of unfinished construction, equipment, machinery with time of exploitation over a year, etc.).
Gross margin on goods for resale
Employees [structural business indicators]
Employees working on the basis of work or enterprise agreement both at main job, and at secondary job receiving remuneration for their work.
Kind of activity unit
Economically active enterprises
Enterprises manufacturing products, providing services or employing people in the reference period in the respective time period regardless of whether they were active all reference period or just part of it.
The own-account production of all goods that are retained by their producers as investment.
Includes both own-account produced tangible assets, and intangible assets.
Total purchase of goods and services
Value of all goods and services purchased in the production process for resale or consumption.
Persons employed [structural business indicators]
Employees working on the basis of work or enterprise agreement both at main job, and at secondary job, including self-employed natural persons, employers, working family members and persons engaged in entrepreneurship and not employing others.
Personnel costs [structural business indicators]
Total remuneration in cash or in kind which employer pays to an employee as a reward for the work done.
Personnel costs also include employer's social security contributions.
Value added [structural business indicators]
Production value from which the value of goods and services used in production is deducted.
Value added shows increase of market value of product, which has arisen in the result of an economic activity.
Purchases of goods and services purchased for resale
Enterprise [Statistical business register]
The enterprise is the combination of legal units that is an organizational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from certain degree of autonomy in decision making.
An enterprise carries out one or more activities at one or more locations.
An enterprise may be sole unit or combination of legal units.
Region [structural business indicators]
Data are dividend into six statistical regions: Riga region, Pierīga region, Vidzeme region, Kurzeme region, Zemgale region, Latgale region.
Statistical regions consist of administrative units according to Cabinet Regulations No 381 of 3 June 2009 "Amendment to regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers of April 28 2004 No 271 "On Statistical Regions of the Republic of Latvia and Administrative Units Therein"".
Cities under state jurisdiction [structural business indicators]
In accordance with Cabinet Order No 271 of 28 April 2004 “On Statistical Regions of the Republic of Latvia and Administrative Units Therein" (amendments: MK 03.06.2009. order No 381, MK 28.12.2010. order No 759) and the European Union Common Classification of Territorial Units for Statistical Purposes (NUTS 3), the data are provided for the following nine cities under state jurisdiction: Riga, Daugavpils, Jelgava, Jūrmala, Liepāja, Rēzekne, Ventspils, Jēkabpils, Valmiera.
According to Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 2) activity "Construction" (section F) includes construction of buildings (division 41), civil engineering (division 42) and specialised construction activities (division 43).
Construction includes new construction, repairs, reconstruction and renovation, assembly and erection of prefabricated constructions on site and construction of temporary buildings.
Construction output value includes all construction works undertaken by persons employed by separate construction company, while excludes construction works undergone by subcontractors.
According to NACE Rev.2 the following sections of economic activity are included:
- Transportation and Storage (section H);
- Accommodation and Food Service Activities (section I);
- Information and Communication (section J);
- Real Estate Activities (section L);
- Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities (section M);
- Administrative and Support Service Activities (section N);
- Repair of computers and personal and household goods (division 95).
- mining and quarrying (NACE Rev. 2 section B);
- manufacturing (NACE Rev. 2 section C);
- electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (NACE Rev. 2 section D);
- water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities (NACE Rev. 2 section E).
High technologies [structural business statistics]
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations, computer, electronic and optical products, air and spacecraft and related machinery (21, 26, 30.3 of NACE Rev. 2).
Medium-high technologies [structural business statistics]
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products, weapons and ammunition, electrical equipment, machinery and equipment n.e.c., motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers, other transport equipment (except building of ships and boats and manufacture of air and spacecraft and related machinery), medical and dental instruments and supplies (20, 25.4, 27, 28, 29, 30 (except 30.1* and 30.3), 32.5** of NACE Rev. 2).
*Until 2009 it was included in medium-high technologies.
**Until 2009 it was included in high technologies.
Medium-low technologies [structural business statistics]
Reproduction of recorded media, manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products, rubber and plastic products, other non-metallic mineral products, basic metals, fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment (except weapons and ammunition), building of ships and boats, repair and installation of machinery and equipment (18.2*, 19, 22, 23, 24, 25 (except 25.4), 30.1**, 33*** of NACE Rev. 2).
*Until 2009 it was included in low-technologies.
**Until 2009 it was included in medium-high technologies.
***Until 2009 it was included in medium-high technologies.
Low-technologies [structural business indicators]
Manufacture of food products, beverages, tobacco products, textiles, wearing apparel, leather and related products, wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials, paper and paper products, printing and reproduction of recorded media (except reproduction of recorded media), manufacture of furniture, other manufacturing (10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 (except 18.2*), 31, 32 (except 32.5) NACE Rev. 2).
* Until 2009 it was included in low-technologies.
Data collection and statistical processing
Survey method and data source
Until 2016 (incl.), the business statistics for construction, industry trade and services was produced by conducting a full-scope and sample surveys. As of 2017, the statistics is produced based on a full-scope survey only.
Data are collected on the basis of CSB annual statistical report form 1-annual "Complex report on activities", 1-annual consolidated “Consolidated report on activities” and from the information provided by the State Revenue Service.
All economically active enterprises the number of employees or annual turnover whereof exceeds a set threshold value. The threshold used for the number of employees has been defined based on the reference year. As of 2017, the threshold is 20+ employees. Enterprises with less than 20 employees are not surveyed, however are included in the calculations by using the information of the State Revenue Service.
Annual turnover is defined depending on the economic activity of the enterprise and reference year.
Data on economically active self-employed persons are also included.
|Year||Economically active enterprises|
Indicators are calculated from separate elements of data submitted by enterprises and information from the State Revenue Service at 2-digit level of the NACE Rev. 2.
Number of enterprises includes economically active enterprises which are registered in the Business Register.
Turnover is the item of the Profit or Loss Statement "net turnover" minus operating subsidies and income of self-employed natural persons from economic activity.
Production value is turnover or income of self-employed natural persons from economic activity
+/– change in stocks of finished products and work in progress manufactured by the enterprise;
+/– change in stocks of goods and services purchased for resale in the same condition as received;
– purchases of goods and services purchased for resale in the same condition as received;
+ capitalized production;
+ other operating income from economic activity (excluding subsidies).
Value added is turnover or income of self-employed natural persons from economic activity;
+ capitalized production;
+ other operating income from economic activity;
– purchase of goods and services or expenses of self-employed natural persons for economic activity;
– other taxes on products which are linked to turnover but not deductible;
– taxes and duties linked to production.
Total purchase of goods and services is value of all goods and services purchased in the production process for resale or consumption. Includes raw materials, materials, low-value inventory and other goods or services for insurance of enterprise needs and activity. For self-employed natural persons the part of expenses for economic activity is included.
Personnel costs are calculated: wages and salaries + social insurance costs and social tax paid for self-employed natural persons.
Gross investment in tangible goods is gross capital investment in purchase of land, gross capital investment in existing buildings and constructions, gross capital investment in construction and reconstruction of buildings and gross capital investment in equipment and appliances.
Number of persons employed is expressed as an average annual indicator.
Published data, if they are not marked as provisional, are final and are not reviewed, excluding cases when significant mistakes are found in enterprise reports.
Data are classified and published using Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE Rev. 2).