Business demography indicators
Data on business demography are used to obtain information on the number of enterprise births, survivals and deaths in economic activity sectors, number of persons employed in these enterprises, rate of changes in the turnover and in the number of employed in the reference period.
Concepts and definitions
Enterprise [Statistical business register]
The enterprise is the combination of legal units that is an organizational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from certain degree of autonomy in decision making.
An enterprise carries out one or more activities at one or more locations.
An enterprise may be sole unit or combination of legal units.
Economically active enterprise
Enterprise, who in the reference period manufactured products, provided services or employed persons regardless whether they were active during the whole reporting period or only during a part of it.
All enterprises with average annualised growth of at least 20% per annum, over a three year period.
Growth can be measured by the number of employees or by turnover.
Newly born enterprise
A birth amounts to the creation of a combination of production factors with the restriction that no other enterprises are involved in the event.
Newly born enterprises do not include entries into the population due to mergers, break-ups, split-off or restructuring of a set of enterprises. It does not include entries into a sub-population resulting only from a change of activity.
If a dormant unit is reactivated within two years, this event is not considered a birth.
Newly born employer enterprise
Any entity engaged in economic activity may be considered as an legal unit irrespective of its legal form.
Liquidation amounts to the dissolution of a combination of production factors with the restriction that no other enterprises are involved in the event.
Number of liquidations does not include exits from the population due to mergers, take-overs, break-ups or restructuring of a set of enterprises.
It does not include exits from a sub-population resulting only from a change of activity.
Liquidated employer's enterprise
Legal and natural persons who sell mainly their own produce or only own-produced goods or services at a specified price, which is economically meaningful.
This sector classifies the following: natural persons - performers of economic activity, individual enterprises, peasant and fishermen’s farms, individual merchants and commercial companies, exclude commercial companies controlled and financed by general government, boards of special economic zones, ports and freeports included in public bodies, associations, funds and foundations serving households.
Data collection and statistical processing
Survey method and data source
Data on enterprise demography are obtained from Statistical Business Register.
All active enterprises of market sector and activities performed by all active enterprises included in Sections C to O of the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities NACE Rev. 2, except Section L and Class 74.15.
Data published, if not specified as provisional, are final and are not revised.
Data on enterprise demography are collected and published using Statistical Classification of Economic Activities NACE Rev. 2.
Contact person on methodology
Enterprise Structural Innovation Statistics Section