Services producer price indices
Services producer price indices (SPPI) are used for the estimation of Gross Domestic Product at constant prices, as well as for economic analysis and international comparisons.
The indices are continuously developed, and the published data still are experimental.
Concepts and definitions
Services producer price indices
Services producer price changes
Price indices are used for the calculation of price changes within a quarter, year or any other period of time.
Producer price changes over the corresponding period of the previous year show price changes within 4 quarters.
Price changes over the previous quarter reflect changes of average price level within 3 months.
Data collection and statistical processing
Survey method and source data
Data are obtained from the quarterly statistical reports on prices of services (1-PC) and information on hourly labour costs collected and calculated within the framework of the wages and salaries statistics (enterprise surveys 2-darbs and calculations based on the State Revenue Service data). Weights are calculated basing on administrative data and information from the complex report on activity (1-gada) collected and compiled by the Enterprise Structural and Financial Statistics Section.
Information on producer prices for services is obtained from enterprises the main kind of economic activity of which corresponds the following sectors of Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Communities (NACE Rev. 2):
H Transportation and storage
49.20 Freight rail transport
49.41 Freight transport by road
52.10 Warehousing and storage
52.24 Cargo handling
53 Postal and courier activities
53.10 Postal activities under universal service obligation
53.20 Other postal and courier activities
J Information and Communication
58 Publishing activities
62 Computer programming, consultancy and related activities
63 Information service activities
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
69.10 Legal activities
69.20 Accounting, bookkeeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy
70.2 Management consultancy activities
71 Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis
73 Advertising and market research
N Administrative and support service activities
78 Employment activities
80 Security and investigation activities
81.2 Cleaning activities
In accordance with the principles of statistical confidentiality the indices on services sectors Freight rail transport (49.20) are not published.
In 2020 approximately 3 975 enterprises were included in the sample of producer prices for services. About 4 655 prices are collected quarterly. Depending on the sector either prices for services or hourly labour costs are used for the calculation of price indices.
Certain services for regular price registration are selected by statisticians in cooperation with the experts of the sampled enterprises. The list of these services’ representatives is updated once a year.
In SPPI calculations Laspeyres-type formula is used. SPPI are calculated comparing prices in the reference quarter with base period prices (4th quarter of the previous year). Indices are calculated separately for each services sector.
Depending on the specifics of the realized services, index is calculated by using the average sale price of certain service set by the definite service provider.
Sectors where the SPPI is calculated on the basis of the information of report 1-PC: Freight rail transport (49.20 of NACE Rev. 2), Freight transport by road (49.41), Warehousing and storage (52.10), Cargo handling (52.24), Postal activities under universal service obligation (53.10), Other postal and courier activities (53.20), Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing activities (58.1), Accounting, bookkeeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy (69.20), Cleaning activities(81.2). Prices include all discounts and recharges received by purchasers. Prices exclude taxes, whereas include subsidies, if received.
Divisions and classes for which SPPI are calculated basing on the data collected and processed within the framework of the labour cost survey: Computer programming, consultancy and related activities (62), Information service activities (63), Legal and accounting activities (69.10), Management consultancy activities (70.2), Advertising and market research (73), Security and investigation activities (80).
2015 is the base or comparison year used for the services producer price indices (2015 = 100).
If in calculations, when using corrected, revised or delayed information, significant influence of corrections (more than 0.1 percentage point) on specific SPPI within a year (compared to the corresponding quarter of previous year) is detected, the data published for the previous period are corrected. The revised indices are published together with the data on the next reference period, indicating the correction.
The Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) in its website (Statistics by theme/ Industry, trade and services/ Short-term business statistics/ Database/ Trade and services/ Services/ Service producer prices (SPPI) ) publishes services producer price indices (SPPIs) in the EU and each country separately. The SPPIs published comply with the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 1165/98 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning short-term statistics and Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on classification of economic activities in the European Union (NACE Rev.2). Eurostat does not publish data on NACE Rev. 2 division 58 Publishing activities – published on the CSB database.
Contact person on methodology
Producer Price Indices Section