Press Release

In the 1st quarter GDP increased by 2.8%

Data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau show that Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at current prices in the 1st quarter of 2014 was 5.3 bln euros.

According to seasonally non-adjusted data, in the 1st quarter of 2014, compared to the 1st quarter of 2013, GDP at constant prices has grown by 2.8%, but, according to seasonally adjusted data, compared to the 4th quarter of 2013, it has increased by 0.6%.

Changes of GDP volume, 1st quarter 2012 - 1st quarter 2014
 (at constant prices, %)

Production approach

In the 1st quarter of 2014, as compared to the 1st quarter of 2013, manufacturing rate has grown by 1.2%, which was affected by 7.5% increase in manufacture of food products (21.1% of total manufacturing) and 7.6% increase in manufacture of wood and of products of wood (23.4% of total manufacturing). Manufacture of beverages has reduced by 4.9% (1.9% of total manufacturing) and manufacture of wearing apparel – by 15.4% (3.7% of total manufacturing).  Manufacture of basic metals has decreased by 80.9%.

Construction has gone up by 24.6%. Construction of residential buildings has grown by 44.3% (16.9% of total construction), construction of main pipelines, communication and power lines – by 11.8% (7.7% of total construction), construction of administrative buildings – by 97.4% (7.5% of total construction) and construction of hotels and similar buildings – by 84.3%. Construction of highways, streets, roads, airfield runways, railways witnessed drop of 4.8% (6.1% of total construction) and construction of bridges and tunnels – of 19.4% (2.1% of total construction).

Trade rose by 2.5%, of which retail trade – by 2.6%, which formed 2.8% increase in trade of food products and 2.5% increase – of non-food products.

In commercial services sector the largest increase was observed among the following services: in architectural, engineering and inspection services and analysis – by 12.9%, in travel agencies – by 3.2%, in hairdressing and other beauty treatment – by 9.5%, as well as in repair of other personal goods – by 25.2%.

Rise in entertainment and recreation sector comprised 20.1%, but in gambling and betting sector – 12.6%.

Taxes on products (Value Added Tax, Excise Duty, customs duties) were collected by 1.7% more.

Changes of GDP in the 1st quarter of 2014 by kind of economic activity

at constant prices, % over 1st quarter of 2013

NACE Rev. 2 activities

agriculture, forestry and fishing (A);

4.9

Structure of activities at current prices, %

manufacturing (C);

13.9

other industry (BDE);

5.8

construction (F);

4.0

trade (G);

15.4

transportation and storage (H);

11.8

accommodation and food service activities (I);

1.7

information and communication (J);

4.7

financial and insurance activities (K);

3.6

real estate activities (L);

11.5

commercial services (MNS);

7.0

public administration and defence; compulsory social security (O);

6.8

education (P);

3.9

human health and social work activities (Q);

3.1

arts, entertainment and recreation (R);

1.9

(D.21-D.31) taxes on products minus subsidies on products

x

Expenditure approach

In the 1st quarter of 2014, compared to the 1st quarter of 2013, private final consumption at current prices grew by 2.5%. Rise was observed within two main groups of consumption expenditure: food (20% of total expenditure) – of 3.1% and transport (14% of total expenditure) – of 1.9%. Households' expenditure on housing due to the warm weather has reduced by 2.5% (27% of total expenditure). Gross fixed capital formation increased by 2.8%. Export of goods (72% of total exports) has risen by 0.4%, but exports of services – by 4.3%. Volume of imports of goods (86% of total imports) has reduced by 1.9%, but imports of services – by 2.4%.

Gross domestic product by main expenditure items

at current prices, % of the corresponding quarter of the previous year

at constant prices,% of the corresponding quarter of the previous year

Compared to the 1st quarter of 2013, private final consumption in the 1st quarter of 2014 at constant prices grew by 2.1%, of which expenditure on food – by 2.7%, but expenditure on transport – rose by 3.6%. But expenditure on housing decreased by 3.4%.

Expenditure on gross fixed capital formation increased by 2.2%. Volume of investment in the manufacturing has grown by 34.2%, but electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply experienced significant decrease of volume of investment – 33.4%.

Export of goods increased by 1.7%, but export of services – by 3.6%. In its turn, import of goods decreased by 1.3%, while import of services – by 3.6%.

Changes of Gross Domestic Product in the Baltic Countries

(at constant prices, % of the corresponding period of the previous year)

In September of this year GDP will be published accordingly new methodology of national system of accounts – European System of Accounts ESA 2010.

 

More information:
Elita Kalniņa
Quarterly National Accounts Section
Tel. +371 67366961

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