Press Release

Number of dairy cows falls, but number of pigs and poultry grows

Provisional data of the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that in 2019 number of dairy cows dropped by 6.1 thousand or 4.2 %, but number of non-dairy cows rose by 4.7 thousand or 9.2 %. Compared to the previous year, the number of pigs and poultry has increased by 9.3 thousand or 3.1 % and 287.3 thousand or 5.3 %, respectively, but the number of sheep fell by 7.5 thousand or 7.0 %, the number of goats – by 0.5 thousand or 4.5 %, the number of horses – by 0.1 thousand or 1.5 %.

Number of livestock at the end of the year
(thousands)

 

2018

2019*

Changes, % (2019, compared to 2018)

Cattle

395.3

395.3

0.0

dairy cows

144.5

138.4

-4.2

non-dairy cows

51.6

56.4

9.2

Pigs

304.9

314.2

3.1

Sheep

107.3

99.8

-7.0

Goats

12.2

11.7

-4.5

Horses

8.4

8.3

-1.5

Poultry

5403.1

5690.4

5.3

laying hens

2996.9

3208.4

7.1

Data source of the information on number of cattle, sheep, goats, horses and poultry is Livestock Register of Agricultural Data Centre.

*Provisional data

Output of poultry and pork increased, of beef and veal – decreased

Meat production in Latvia has grown – 94.0 thousand tonnes of meat were produced in 2019, which is 2.7 thousand tonnes or 3.0 % more than in 2018. The most significant increase was observed in the output of poultry (of 6.3 %) and pork (4.7 %). Output of beef and veal, in turn, dropped by 7.3 %.

Output of livestock products

 

2018

2019*

Changes, % (2019, compared to 2018)

Meat (slaughter weight), thousand tonnes

91.3

94.0

3.0

beef and veal

17.5

16.2

-7.3

pork

38.9

40.7

4.7

mutton and goat

1.0

1.0

3.6

poultry

33.9

36.0

6.3

other meat

0.1

0.1

5.1

Milk (incl. goat milk), thousand tonnes

982.9

981.4

-0.2

Eggs, million pieces

768.5

795.4

3.5

*Provisional data

Significant drop in imports of cattle, rise – in imports of pigs

In 2019, compared to 2018, number of exported live cattle decreased by 3.6 thousand heads or 6.0 %. Young stock aged under 1 year constituted 27.3 % of the total number of cattle exported (32.1 % – in 2018). Number of imported cattle fell by 2.8 thousand or 2.7 times.

Compared to 2018, exports of live pigs increased by 4.7 thousand or  3.5 %. Out of the total number of pigs exported, piglets for fattening constituted 56.3 % (34.0 % in 2018). Number of imported pigs rose by 16.5 thousand or 71.1 %.

More detailed information on imports and exports of livestock can be found on the CSB website eksports.csb.gov.lv.

Average milk yield per dairy cow rose by 4.2 %

In 2019, 981.4 thousand tonnes of milk (incl. goat milk) were produced, which is 1.5 thousand tonnes or 0.2 % less than in 2018. The decline in milk output was influenced by the reduction in dairy cow number. Average milk yield per dairy cow rose by 277 kg or 4.2 % reaching 6 891 kg annually.

The largest rise in milk output was recorded in Pierīga region (of 5.6 thousand tonnes or 3.4 %), while the largest milk output decline was registered in Kurzeme region (9.7 thousand tonnes or 5.5 %).

In 2019, compared to 2018, volume of purchased milk increased by 0.6 %. The average purchase price of milk rose by 3.6 % – from 283 EUR/t in 2018 to 294 EUR/t in 2019.

 

Media requests:
Communication Section
E-mail:
media@csb.gov.lv
Phone: +371 67366621, +371 27880666

More information on data:
Agricultural Statistics Section
Lolita Lazda-Lazdiņa
E-mail:
Lolita.Lazda@csb.gov.lv
Phone: +371 67366982

 

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