In 2018, rise in forest regeneration and tending costs observed
Data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia (CSB) show that in 2018, the average forest regeneration costs in Latvia comprised 509–669 EUR/ha, depending on the forest land quality group*. In 2017, these costs constituted 438–567 EUR/ha, while in 2016 those were 551–600 EUR/ha. Forest regeneration costs include expenditure on soil preparation, small sapling expenses and planting costs.
In 2018, the highest forest regeneration costs were recorded in the forests of fourth forest land quality group (668.7 EUR/ha or 23.1 % more than a year ago), while the lowest in forests of second forest land quality group (508.7 EUR/ha or 16.2 % more).
Average forest regeneration and tending costs by forest land quality group
(EUR/ha, excluding VAT)
In 2018, compared to 2017, the average forest tending costs in Latvia reduced in forests of first and third forest land quality group, while grew in forests of second and fourth forest land quality group. In 2018, the average forest tending costs comprised 199–261 EUR/ha. The highest forest tending costs, which include agro-technical tending of forest and tending of young growths, were observed in the forests of fourth forest land quality group (287.9 EUR/ha, an increase of 14.8 %, compared to 2017) and in the forests of second land quality group (260.8 EUR/ha, a rise of 5.7 %).
In 2018, compared to 2017, the average harvesting costs of one cubic meter of timber grew slightly in both final felling and intermediate felling. In the final felling, within which the respective part of the forest is felled almost completely, the average harvesting costs rose by 5.0 % and constituted 17.3 EUR/m3. Harvesting costs in the intermediate felling (thinning, reconstructive felling and sanitary clear felling), within which the respective part of the forest is fallen partly, increased by 8.8 %, reaching 22.6 EUR/m3. The total harvesting costs in final felling and intermediate felling are formed by the labour, transportation, and machinery costs. Wood cutting in the intermediate felling is performed by sampling trees, therefore the total harvesting costs in this felling type are higher than in final felling where almost all trees are cut. In 2018, felling dynamics was influenced by timber prices on the market and winter of 2017 that was unfavourable for felling and works had to be stopped. The higher timber prices on the market, the higher harvesting costs.
(EUR/m3, excluding VAT)
First forest land quality group includes poor pine forest on wet, pine forest on peat soil.
Second forest land quality group includes pine forest, Callunosa mel., Callunosa turf.mel., Vaccinioso-sphagnosa, Myrtilloso-sphagnosa, Myrtilloso politrichosa, Caricoso-phragmitosa, fen, Filipendulosa.
Third forest land quality group includes pine forest with spruce understorey, rich deciduous forest, Vacciniosa mel., Vacciniosa turf.mel.
Fourth forest land quality group includes Myrtilloso-sphagnosa, spruce forest, rich deciduous forest, Myrtillosa mel., Myrtillosa turf. Mel., Mercurialiosa met., Oxalidosa turf. mel.