Key characteristics of agricultural holdings and land use
In 2016, 69.9 thousand economically active agricultural holdings in Latvia were managing 3.0 million ha of land, of which 2.0 million ha of the total agricultural area (AA) or 67.2 % of the total land area were used by the holdings. Compared to 2013, the number of economically active agricultural holdings reduced by 11.9 thousand or 14.5 %, whereas utilised agricultural area (UAA) in the country as a whole increased by 53.1 thousand ha or 2.8 %.
In Latvia, agricultural holdings mainly are family businesses. In 2016, 69.0 thousand or 98.7 % of the holdings were owned by a natural person who is the sole holder, 31.4 thousand or 45.5 % of which were women.
Compared to 2013, in 2016 the farming type structure of holdings has changed. In Latvia, traditionally the most common farming types include production of field crops (42.6 % of total farms), dairying (15.1 %), as well as mixed cropping and livestock (14.8 %).
The structure of UAA has changed significantly since 2010. As the share of meadows and pastures as well as kitchen gardens reduced, the proportion of arable land increased. In 2010, area of arable land took 1 120.2 thousand ha, while in 2013 this area grew by 84.2 thousand ha or 7.5 %, reaching 1 204.4 thousand ha. In 2016, arable land increased even more – by 80.7 thousand ha or 6.7 %, reaching 1 285.1 thousand ha. Since 2010, the areas of meadows and pastures have been reducing gradually – from 651.1 thousand ha in 2010 to 633.7 thousand ha in 2016.
Compared to 2013, number of holdings having sown area fell by 8.2 thousand or 14.6 %, whereas total sown area thereof increased by 88.2 thousand ha or 7.7 %. In 2016, the total sown area occupied 95.8 % of the arable land, cereal cropland took 715.4 thousand ha or 58.1 % of the total sown area, whereas areas under industrial crops occupied 105.3 thousand ha or 8.5 %. Compared to 2013, area of cereal cropland grew by 131.9 thousand ha or 22.6 %, while areas of industrial crops reduced by 24.8 thousand ha or 19.1 %.
Farms structure survey 2010, 2013 and 2016
Results in database
Farms structure survey 2003, 2005 and 2007
Results in database