Data on separate plant and animal species as well as national parks are used to find out the number of plant, animal and birds species (also protected) in various national parks of Latvia.


Large areas, characterised by nature formations of outstanding beauty; landscapes and cultural landscapes unaffected or slightly transformed by people activity; bio-tropical diversity; profusion of culture and historical monuments; peculiarities of cultural environment. The main task of the National Parks is the environment protection and research.

In Latvia there are 4 National Parks: Gauja National Park (1973), Ķemeri National Park (1997), Slītere National Park (1999) and Rāzna National Park (2007).

Territories unaffected or slightly transformed by human activity, in which in order to protect and investigate rare or typical ecosystems and their elements, undisturbed development of natural processes are provided. In Latvia there are 4 nature reserves: Moricsalas (1912), Grīņu (1936), Krustkalnu (1977) and Teiču reserves (1982).

The Red Data Book of Latvia is a scientific document listing plant and animal species and subspecies that are threatened with extinction or endangered; it also contains data on the biology and spread of these species and the main factors behind the sharp reduction in their number.

The status of plant and animal species is characterised by the proportion of species that according to expert assessment are considered as threatened with extinction in the national or international context.

Data availability

Dissemination format and Release calendar

Data on selected plant and animal species are published until 2004. Natural Resourcesannual data»

Data on number of animals and plat species in national parks and national reserves are published until 2009. Natural Resourcesannual data»

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

Read more

Data collection

Survey method and data source

Plant and animal species estimates and data on number of animal and plant species in national nature parks and reserves were acquired from the CSB report "Report on the Activities of Nature Reserves and National Parks".

Data revision

Published data are final are not revised.


Comparability over time

Data on specified plant and animal species are available from 1995 till 2004.

Data on plants and animal species in national parks and national reserves are available from 1990 till 2009.

Other comparability

Nature Conservation Agency

Home page of Nature Conservation Agency:


Confidentiality of the information provided by respondents is protected by the Section 17 of the Statistics Law stipulating rights and obligations of the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia and other state authorities producing official statistics. Read more

Contact person on methodology

Name Surname Phone number Position Email
Andra Lazdiņa +371 67366747 Senior Officer Andra [dot] Lazdina [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv

Last update


Explanation of symbols


Magnitude zero


Less than half of the unit employed


Data not available or too uncertain for presentation


Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless


Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers


Magnitude zero