Data on freight traffic are used to determine amount of freight traffic and freight turnover in railway transport, road transport and pipeline transport.

Data on passenger traffic are used to determine the amount and turnover of passengers transported by different modes of transport.

Definitions

Bus

A road transport vehicle intended for the transportation of passengers (nine and more people excluding the driver).

Carriage of exported goods – goods carried between a place of loading located in Latvia and a place of unloading in another country. Goods in transit, however are not included. Wagons loaded on a railway network and carried by ferry to a foreign network are also included.

Carriage of imported goods – goods carried between a place of loading located in a foreign country and a place of unloading in Latvia. Goods in transit, however are not included. Wagons loaded on a foreign railway network and carried by ferry to the reporting network are included.

Goods in transit – goods carried through Latvia between two places (a place of loading/embarkation and a place of unloading/disembarkation) outside Latvia. Wagons entering and/or leaving the reporting network by ferry are included.

Freight traffic is calculated in tons according to the weight of goods actually carried including the total weight of goods, all packaging and tare weight of the containers, swap-body and pallets containing goods. Starting with 1997 the transport of goods by road does not include packaging and the transportation of building waste and garbage.

Information on cargo loaded and unloaded at ports includes data on sea vessels owned by Latvia and foreign countries.

Cargo transport by sea refers to the volume of cargo loaded and unloaded at ports.

Carriage of exported goods – goods carried between a place of loading located in Latvia and a place of unloading in another country. Wagons loaded on a railway network and carried by ferry to a foreign network are also included. Goods in transit, however, are not included.

Carriage of imported goods – goods carried between a place of loading located in a foreign country and a place of unloading in Latvia. Wagons loaded on a foreign railway network and carried by ferry to the reporting network are included. Goods in transit, however, are not included.

Goods in transit – goods carried through Latvia between two places (a place of loading or embarkation and a place of unloading/disembarkation) outside Latvia. Wagons entering and, or leaving the reporting network by ferry are included. 

Transport for hire or reward – transportation of goods for remuneration on behalf of third parties.

Transport on own account – transportation which is not for hire or reward.

Freight turnover (in ton-kilometres) is calculated by summing up the results obtained by multiplying the weight (in tons) of each shipment and the distance of cargo carried (in kilometres).

A natural person who on the basis of a purchased ticket for passenger transportation or on another legal basis uses a transport vehicle for travelling or luggage transportation as well as for other services provided by the carrier.

Regular transportation of passengers by bus or minibus (maxi taxi) along a pre-determined route in compliance with a specified schedule for a fixed fare of passenger conveyance and luggage transportation.

A unit of transport measure representing the conveyance of one passenger over a distance of one kilometre.

Passenger turnover in passenger-kilometres is calculated by multiplying the number of passengers carried and the length of distance covered.

Passengers carried in specified routes, according to specified schedules and for a fixed fare.

A unit of measurement of transport which represents the transportation of one ton of goods by road within one kilometre.

A vehicle intended for driving on rails in connection with an external electrical power supply source.

This term does not refer to electrical train.

A mechanical vehicle intended for driving on the road in connection with an external electrical power supply source.

Data availability

Dissemination format and Release calendar

Theme Reference period Planned release datesort icon Remarks
Fright traffic, passenger traffic
  • 4th quarter 2017
02.03.2018
Road traffic accidents
  • 4th quarter 2017
02.03.2018
Fright traffic, passenger traffic
  • 2017
14.05.2018
Fright traffic, passenger traffic
  • 1st quarter 2018
05.06.2018
Road traffic accidents
  • 1st quarter 2018
05.06.2018

Theme Reference period Actual release datesort icon Remarks
Road traffic accidents
  • 3rd quarter 2017
01.12.2017
Fright traffic, passenger traffic
  • 3rd quarter 2017
01.12.2017
Fright traffic, passenger traffic
  • 2nd quarter 2017
01.09.2017
Fright traffic, passenger traffic
  • 1st quarter 2017
01.06.2017
Fright traffic, passenger traffic
  • 2016
13.05.2017

Annual data on freight and passenger traffic and freight and passenger turnover by all modes of transports are available on May. Transport annual data

News releases


Date Title
02.03.2018 Transport activities in 2017

Publications

Download CSB publications on various time periods (starting from 2007) in section E-publications and subscribe for paper publications in section Publications.

Data on transport indicators are available in the monthly bulletins and yearbooks. Statistical yearbooks and monthly bulletins are available in E-publication section under topic "General statistics".

Classifications

Data on freight traffic by road are compiled using following classifications:

  • Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS);
  • Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community, Rev. 2;
  • Standard Goods Classification for Transport Statistics (NST 2007);
  • International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR).

Data on freight traffic by rail are compiled using following classifications:

  • Standard Goods Classification for Transport Statistics (NST 2007);
  • International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID).

There is Classification catalogue published in the home page of CSB with classification codes and their explanations, except of Standard Goods Classification for Transport Statistics (NST 2007), International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID) and International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR).

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

Read more

Additional information

The volume of freight transport by road is obtained by conducting a sample survey of lorries where the respondent is an owner or a renter of lorry. The survey questionnaire shows the work of this one specified lorry during the given week.

Due to methodological changes in compliance with EU definitions, the breakdown in railway transport by mode of transport has been changed. Prior to 2003, transit traffic included freight transportation to/from the ports of Latvia. According to EU methodology, the definition of transit freight haulage by rail has been changed: transit means transport by rail through the respective country without either loading or unloading operations. Transport operations that include loading/unloading of goods at the country’s border (in this case at a port) onto another mode of transport are not regarded as transit. Henceforward freight transport from other countries to Latvia’s ports will be considered as import freight transport but from Latvia’s ports to other countries as export freight carriage. Data on export, import and transit freight transport for 2003 and later years are therefore not comparable with the data of previous years.

Data collection

Survey method and data source

Data on freight and passenger traffic are obtained conducting full-scope survey, except data on freight traffic by road are collected conducting a sample size survey.

Data on freight traffic are collected from following sources:

  • weekly report form 2-auto "Freight traffic by road" developed by the CSB;
  • annual report form 1-railway "Survey on railway transport" developed by the CSB;
  • monthly report form 2-railway "Survey on railway transport" developed by the CSB;
  • monthly report form 2-pipeline transport "Survey on the transport of oil and oil products" developed by the CSB;
  • annual report form 1-gas "Survey on gas utilisation" developed by the CSB;
  • Information compiled by the Ministry of Transport;

Data on passenger traffic are obtained from:

  • annual report form 1-railway "Survey on railway transport" developed by the CSB;
  • monthly report form 2-railway "Survey on railway transport" developed by the CSB;
  • quarterly report form 3-electric vehicle "Survey on the activity of electric vehicle" developed by the CSB;
  • information compiled by the Ministry of Transport;
  • information compiled by state Ltd. "The Road Transport Administration".

Data in the questionnaires and sample survey data cover the whole country.

Statistical population

Data on freight and passenger traffic are collected from:

  • enterprises involved in passenger transportation with electrified city transport;
  • enterprises involved in freight and passenger traffic by rail, except: (railway enterprises that are entirely or mostly involved in industry or similar objects, of which in ports, and railway enterprises that mostly provide domestic tourism services);
  • enterprises involved in transportation of gas, oil and oil products by pipelines;
  • enterprises involved in licensed freight and passenger traffic by air;
  • legal and natural persons that are owners of lorries that are legally operable at the given moment, that is, have undergone technical inspection.
  • legal entities and natural persons who are owners or holders of lorries that have gone through vehicle inspection at the moment of the survey and may be legally used. The survey does not include special vehicles – fire-fighter motor transport, motor cranes, platform lorries, road repair transport etc. – as well as lorries that are more than 25 years old and/or have a carrying capacity of less than 3.5 t;
  • starting with 2017, special concrete mixers are included in the survey from the list of special lorries.

Sample size

From 2003 to 2009 the sample of lorries included 120 lorries each week, from 2010 to 2014 - 100 lorries each week, in 2015 – 110 lorries, and in 2016 – 120 lorries.

The lorries are broken down by stratum depending on their load capacity, age, ownership by a natural or legal person, whether the vehicle is a lorry or a road tractor, whether it has an authorisation to carry out transport for hire or reward and international freight transport.

Statistical processing

Calculation methods

The CSB sample survey of lorries: information obtained from the randomly sampled lorries is extrapolated to all lorries registered in Latvia, applying the weighting coefficients, which have been calculated separately for each stratum of lorries.

Data revision

The annual data published are final and are not adjusted.

The quarterly data  published can be adjusted according to methodology on each transport field.

Comparability

Comparability over time

Data on freight and passenger traffic are available since 1990.

International comparability

Eurostat

The Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) publishes information on transport in the EU and in every country separately on its home page. It can be found in section: Statistics/Browse/Search database/Transport.

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/

Other comparability

Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Latvia

The Ministry of Transport publishes information on passenger and freight turnover and on transport activities by air, rail, at ports and by road on its homepage.

http://www.sam.gov.lv/

Confidentiality

Confidentiality of the information provided by respondents is protected by the Section 17 of the Statistics Law stipulating rights and obligations of the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia and other state authorities producing official statistics. Read more

Contact person on methodology

Name Surname Phone number Position Email
Edīte Miezīte 67366810 daļas vadītājs Edite.Miezite@csb.gov.lv

Last update

28.04.2016

Activities in airport and ports

Indicators of airport activities - annual data

Indicators of port activities - annual data

Explanation of symbols

-

Magnitude zero

0

Less than half of the unit employed

...

Data not available or too uncertain for presentation

X

Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless

.

Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers

0

Magnitude zero