Data on number of pension, social benefit and allowance recipients are used to estimate the number of pension recipients by age, average pension amount and to assess number of social benefit and allowance recipients by age and amount of benefit paid.


State pensions are divided into several categories: old-age pensions; disability pensions; survivor’s pensions; service pensions; pensions under special regulations.

Old-age pensions – persons, who have reached the retirement age determined by the law and whose insurance period is not shorter than 15 years, are entitled to receive the old-age pension.

Disability pension – persons, who have not reached the retirement age determined by the law, whose disability has been established, and whose insurance period is not shorter than three years and reside in Latvia, are entitled to receive the disability pension. The disability pension is paid until the person reaches the retirement age.

Survivor’s pension – provided the breadwinner has been an insured person, his or her children and other dependent family members considered incapable of work are entitled to receive the survivor’s pension.

Service pension – persons having an occupation, in which after a certain period of time further work is connected with the loss of professional skills or social danger, are entitled to receive the service pension.

Pensions under special regulations – all Chernobyl NPP accident workers and their family members are entitled to receive pensions under special regulations.

A set of measures organised by the State in order to insure the risk of a person or dependants thereof against the loss of employment income due to illness, disability, maternity, unemployment, old age, an accident at work or occupational disease, as well as additional expenditures related with the death of the socially insured person or dependants thereof.

Social insurance is a part of the state social security system.

State support in the form of money payments, which are received by the persons belonging to the certain groups of inhabitants in situations, when additional expenditures are necessary, or when these persons cannot receive income, and when a compensation from the state social security system is not provided.

State Social Security Benefit is granted to individual who does not have rights to receive State pension (except survivor’s pension for disabled) or insurance recompense for the accident at work or occupational disease if the person is unemployed, has not attained majority, but has lost one or both breadwinners and has not entered into marriage, or is admitted as disabled and is older than 18 years.

Data availability

Dissemination format and Release calendar

Annual data on the  number of pension recipients, average size of monthly pensions, number of benefit recipients, as well as average size of benefits and allowances are published until February 15. Total expenditure on pensions and benefits as well as breakdown of this expenditure by type of pension/ benefit is published until April 30. Social Securityannual data

Quarterly data on the total number of pension recipients and number of pensioners per 1000 inhabitants, number of old-age pensioners and average value of old-age pension, as well as average value of newly granted old-age pensions and the number of State social maintenance benefit receivers are published in 26th day after the end of relevant quarter. Social Security quarterly data

News releases


Download CSB publications on various time periods (starting from 2007) in section E-publications.

Data on number of pension, state social benefit and allowance recipients, pension and benefit amounts are available in the statistical yearbooks and monthly bulletins.

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

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Data collection

Survey method and source data

Data sources used to acquire the information are annual, semi-annual and quarterly surveys conducted by the State Social Insurance Agency of the Ministry of Welfare of the Republic of Latvia: "Survey on the number of State pensions and beneficiaries of State social benefits, average value of pensions, benefits granted, paid, total amount of expenditures in coverage period".

From the report are published data on the number at pension and State social maintenance benefit recipients, pension recipients by age and kind of pension, average value of paid pensions and number of recipients, state social benefits and their average value as well as on expenditure on State benefits and pensions.

Data on the number of unemployment benefit recipients registered in the State Social Insurance Agency are available in the CSB database, section Employment and unemployment (annual data), table NBG44. NUMBER OF REGISTERED UNEMPLOYED PERSONS AT END OF YEAR.

Data revision

The published data are final and will not be adjusted.


Comparability over time

Data on pension, social benefit and allowance recipients are available since 1990.

International comparability


Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Union, collects data from the national statistical institutes on the number of pension beneficiaries in accordance with the methodology of the European System of Integrated Social Protection Statistics (ESSPROS) and  publishes data on the number of pension beneficiaries broken down by ESSPROS function (disability, age, etc.) on its website.

Other comparability

State Social Insurance Agency

State Social Insurance Agency compiles and publishes in its website monthly data on benefits, pensions and the number of pensions broken down by size:

Contact person on methodology

Name Surname Phone number Position E-mail
Kārlis Smudzis +371 67366948 senior officer Karlis [dot] Smudzis [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv

Last update


Expenditure on social protection (ESSPROS)

Purchasing power of employed and pensioners

Explanation of symbols


Magnitude zero


Less than half of the unit employed


Data not available or too uncertain for presentation


Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless


Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers


Magnitude zero