Minimum income level indicators are obtained within the framework of the survey “The European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions” (EU-SILC).


A person aged 0–17, as well as persons aged 18–24, if economically inactive and living with at least one of the parents.

Cash income from labour, employee income in kind received by using company car for private needs estimated in cash, income or losses received from self-employment, received pensions and benefits, regular material assistance from other households, profit from interests of deposits, dividends, shares, income received by children aged under 16, income from property rental, receipts for tax adjustments from State Revenue Service (for business activities, eligible costs–education, medical treatment etc.).

From this total amount of income the following are deducted: real estate tax, amount of money regularly given to other households, amount paid to State Revenue Service due to unpaid or insufficiently paid income tax.

The work intensity of the household refers to the number of months that all working age household members have been working during the income reference year as a proportion of the total number of months that could theoretically be worked within the household. Individuals are classified into five work intensity categories that range from WI=0 (jobless household), 0

The median of a finite list of numbers can be found by arranging all the observations from lowest value to highest value and picking the middle one.

Minimum income level is the minimum size of income set by the state received by an individual or household.

The minimum income level is defined as 40 per cent of the household disposable income median for one equivalent consumer, in the equivalence scale applying value “1” for the first or the only household member and “0.7” to all other persons.

Application of the minimum income level in implementation of selected social rights is stipulated by the legislation of the corresponding areas.

Regulations for calculation, publication and application of the minimum income level are set by the Cabinet of Ministers.

Several persons living in one dwelling and sharing expenditures or one person having separate housekeeping.

Pensions and benefits paid by the State or municipality, child maintenance payments, scholarships, social insurance benefits and compensations, including the ones paid by other countries.

Data availability

Dissemination format and Release calendar

Theme Reference period Actual release datesort icon Remarks
Minimum income level
  • 2016
Minimum income level
  • 2015
Minimum income level
  • 2014
Minimum income level
  • 2004-2013

News releases


Download CSB publications on various time periods (starting from 2007) in section E-publications.

Data on monetary poverty indicators are published also in the statistical yearbooks and monthly bulletins.

Theme Title Release datesort icon ZIP/PDF
EU-SILC survey Income and Living Conditions in Latvia 2017 08.05.2018
EU-SILC survey Income and living conditions in Latvia in 2016 09.05.2017
EU-SILC survey Income and living conditions in Latvia in 2015 05.05.2016
EU-SILC survey Material deprivation in Latvia in 2015 (only in Latvian) 13.04.2016
EU-SILC survey Income and living conditions in Latvia 2014 08.05.2015
EU-SILC survey Material deprivation in Latvia 2013 (only in Latvian) 30.06.2014
EU-SILC survey Income and living conditions in Latvia 2013 26.05.2014
EU-SILC survey Material deprivation in Latvia in 2012 (only in Latvian) 28.06.2013
EU-SILC survey Income and living conditions in Latvia 2012 11.06.2013
EU-SILC survey Material Deprivation of Latvia in 2011 (only in Latvian) 20.04.2012
EU-SILC survey Material Deprivation of Latvia in 2010 (only in Latvian) 30.06.2011
EU-SILC survey Material Deprivation of Latvia in 2009 (only in Latvian) 30.06.2010
EU-SILC survey Material Deprivation of Latvia in 2007 (only in Latvian) 30.06.2009


In the survey Community Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) following classifications are used:

  1. International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08);
  2. Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 2);
  3. International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED).

A Classification Catalogue with classification codes and their explanations has been published on the CSB website.

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

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Data collection

Survey method and source data

Minimum income level indicators are acquired with the help of Community Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC). One of the main study objects of the EU-SILC is annual income of a household – their composition and level.

In order to acquire information four questionnaires were developed: Household Register, Household Questionnaire Form and Individual Questionnaire Form. Each questionnaire has its own aim and information in each questionnaire does not overlap with information in other forms. Fourth form is a module questionnaire that each year aims at researching different theme.

Household Register is questionnaire, which includes general information on each household member. It is mainly demographic information on persons living in the household, as well as on those persons, who have left the household.

Household Questionnaire Form includes questions concerning the household generally. It includes following questions:

  1. housing and housing conditions;
  2. housing costs;
  3. economic situation of the household;
  4. total household income;
  5. inter-household transfers;
  6. agricultural production in household.

Individual Questionnaire Form is filled in on each household member aged 16 and over. It includes questions on:

  1. employment;
  2. income;
  3. education;
  4. health.

Survey is based also on data of the State Revenue Service on natural persons/taxpayers and State Social Insurance Agency data on state pensions and benefits.

Statistical population

The basic unit of EU-SILC survey is persons living in private households. Survey does not include collective households (old peoples’ homes, boarding schools for disabled children, student hostels, hotels, barracks, hospitals, sanatoriums, prisons, etc.).

During the survey information was obtained on whole household as well as on each household member aged 16 and over. Households belonging to longitudinal section are surveyed for several years (maximum 4 years). In Latvia four-year rotation panel is used and all household members, who in the first survey year were at age of at least 14, are sample respondents.

Sample size

Year 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Sample size of EU-SILC 5 813 6 018 6 717 7 042 7 610 8 151 8 463 8 572 8 510 8 209 8 008 8 022 8 087
Completed questionnaire sets 3 843 4 315 4 471 5 196 5 797 6 255 6 599 6 499 6 309 6 125 6 113 6 042 6 014
Individual interviews (persons) 7 913 9 071 9 270 10 910 12 207 12 999 13 503 12 964 12 442 11 929 11 726 11 637 11 304
Non-response rate 33.9% 28.3% 33.4% 26.2% 23.8% 23.3% 22.0% 24.2% 25.9% 25.4% 23.7% 24,7% 25,6%

Statistical processing

Calculation methods

EU-SILC data are extrapolated on all private household and household members living in these households. Weighting process includes application of design weights, which are corrected by actual response rate. Additional data are calibrated by population sex and age.

Data revision

Published data are not revised.


Comparability over time

Data are available since 2005.

International comparability


Description of the Eurostat methodology is available from

Contact persons on methodology

Name Surname Phone number Position Email
Viktors Veretjanovs 67366609 Senior expert at the Central Statistical Bureau Social Statistics Department Viktors [dot] Veretjanovs [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Jekaterina Kalēja 67021692  Senior expert at the Welfare Ministry's Social Inclusion Department Jekaterina [dot] Kaleja [at] lm [dot] gov [dot] lv
Evija Kūla 67021692 Senior expert at the Welfare Ministry's Social Inclusion Department Evija [dot] Kula [at] lm [dot] gov [dot] lv

Last update


Household budget and household consumption expenditure

Household disposable income

Material deprivation

Number of private households

Explanation of symbols


Magnitude zero


Less than half of the unit employed


Data not available or too uncertain for presentation


Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless


Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers


Magnitude zero