Data of structural business indicators are used to assess the financial situation, number of employees and other indicators in industrial enterprises in breakdown by kind of economic activity and region.


The own-account production of all goods that are retained by their producers as investment.

Includes both own-account produced tangible assets, and intangible assets.

In accordance with Cabinet Order No 271 of 28 April 2004 “On Statistical Regions of the Republic of Latvia and Administrative Units Therein" (amendments: MK 03.06.2009. order No 381, MK 28.12.2010. order No 759) and the European Union Common Classification of Territorial Units for Statistical Purposes (NUTS 3), the data are provided for the following nine cities under state jurisdiction: Riga, Daugavpils, Jelgava, Jūrmala, Liepāja, Rēzekne, Ventspils, Jēkabpils, Valmiera.

Legal and natural persons, who manufactured products, provided services and/or employed persons either during the whole reference period or only during a part of it.

Any entity engaged in economic activity may be considered as an enterprise irrespective of its legal form.

These include self-employed persons and family enterprises that are involved in some craft or pursue another activity as well as partnerships and associations engaged in economic activity. An enterprise may pursue one or several activities at one or at several locations.

Income from sale of goods and provision of services, from which trade discounts as well as value added tax and other taxes directly related to sales are deducted.

Net turnover also includes payment amount for the dispatched goods, the payment for which is not yet received dispite the fact that payment documents have already been delivered to the customer or bank. 

Purchase of fixed assets (land, buildings, costs of unfinished construction, equipment and machinery, etc. with the term of exploitation of more than one year).

Total remuneration in cash or in kind which employer pays to an employee as a reward for the work done.

Personnel costs also include employer's social security contributions.

Employees working on the basis of work or enterprise agreement both at main job, and at secondary job, including self-employed natural persons, employers, working family members and persons engaged in entrepreneurship and not employing others.

The volume of actually produced output or services provided, including changes in supply and fixed assets produced for own needs, and excluding purchased goods and services for resale.

Production value from which the value of goods and services used in production is deducted.

Value added shows increase of market value of product, which has arisen in the result of an economic activity.

Data availability

Dissemination format and Release calendar

Theme Reference period Actual release datesort icon Remarks
Main enterpreneurship indicators in cities
  • 2013


Download CSB publications on various time periods (starting from 2007) in section E-publications.

Data are published also in Statistical yearbooks. Statistical yearbooks are available in e-publication section under topic "General statistics". 


Data are classified and published using Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE Rev. 2).

A Classification Catalogue with classification codes and their explanations has been published on the CSB website.

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

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Data collection

Survey method and source data

Data on  structural business indicators are acquired conducting a full-scope and sample survey.

Data are collected on the basis of CSB annual statistical report 1-annual "Complex report on activities" and from the information provided by the State Revenue Service.

Statistical population

All economically active enterprises where the number of employees, annual turnover or total amount of balance exceeds the set margin.

Margin of employees equals 100.

Annual turnover and total margin balance is defined depending on the economic activity of the enterprise and reference year.

Other enterprises, which according to the set indicators do not exceed any margin, are surveyed by means of a sample survey.

Starting from reference year 2006 enterprises with the number of employees less than 10 are not surveyed, but estimated using data from the State Revenue Service of the Republic of Latvia.

Data on economically active self-employed persons are also included.

Sample size

Year Sample size
2013 9 444
2012 8 979
2011 8 849
2010 9 743
2009 9 673
2008 12 366
2007 12 940
2006 12 771
2005 15 002

Statistical processing

Calculation methods

Indicators are calculated from separate elements of data submitted by enterprises and information from the State Revenue Service at 2-digit level of the NACE Rev. 2.

Number of enterprises includes economically active enterprises which are registered in the Business Register, and are calculated as weighted coefficient sum of units included in the sample.

Turnover is the item of the Profit or Loss Statement "net turnover" minus operating subsidies and income of self-employed natural persons from economic activity.

Production value is turnover or income of self-employed natural persons from economic activity;

+/– change in stocks of finished products and work in progress manufactured by the enterprise;

+/– change in stocks of goods and services purchased for resale in the same condition as received;

– purchases of goods and services purchased for resale in the same condition as received;

+ capitalized production;

+ other operating income from economic activity (excluding subsidies).

Value added is turnover or income of self-employed natural persons from economic activity;

+ capitalized production;

+ other operating income from economic activity;

– purchase of goods and services or expenses of self-employed natural persons for economic activity;

– other taxes on products which are linked to turnover but not deductible;

– taxes and duties linked to production.

Total purchase of goods and services is value of all goods and services purchased in the production process for resale or consumption. Includes raw materials, materials, low-value inventory and other goods or services for insurance of enterprise needs and activity. For self-employed natural persons the part of expenses for economic activity is included.

Personnel costs are calculated: wages and salaries + social insurance costs and social tax paid for self-employed natural persons.

Gross investment in tangible goods is gross capital investment in purchase of land, gross capital investment in existing buildings and constructions, gross capital investment in construction and reconstruction of buildings and gross capital investment in equipment and appliances.

Number of persons employed is expressed as an average annual indicator.

Data revision

Published data, if they are not marked as provisional, are final and are not reviewed, excluding cases when significant mistakes are found in enterprise reports.


Comparability over time

Data on  structural business indicators are available since 2005.

International comparability


Structural business statistics indicators for the EU member states are published on Eurostat homepage–section: Data/ Database/ Industry, trade and services/ Structural Business Statistics (sbs).


Confidentiality of the information provided by respondents is protected by the Section 17 of the Statistics Law stipulating rights and obligations of the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia and other state authorities producing official statistics. Read more

Contact person on methodology

Name Surname Phone number Position Email
Ilona Kallione 67366893 daļas vadītājs

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Key structural business indicators

Structural business indicators in construction

Structural business indicators in industry

Structural business indicators in services

Structural business indicators in trade

Explanation of symbols


Magnitude zero


Less than half of the unit employed


Data not available or too uncertain for presentation


Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless


Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers


Magnitude zero