The Business Survey in investment business tendency indicators in manufacturing is conducted by the CSB in accordance with the Joint Harmonised EU Programme of Business and Consumer Surveys, using funding of the European Commission.

Business tendency survey in investment in manufacturing obtains information which characterizes changes of investment volume for development of manufacture, types (kinds) of investment, factors affecting investment.

The data obtained are used for the analysis of short-term economics. Main advantage of the business tendency survey is timeliness of the acquisition of the results and constant harmonization within the framework of the European Union.


Affecting factors are the following: demand; financial resources or expected profit; technical factors; other factors.

Qualitative evaluation made by heads of enterprises on the degree of impact on factors.

Business Tendency Survey contains non-financial investment part which includes investment in technological machinery and equipment, houses, other buildings and structures (excluding investment in residential buildings), computer programmes, other fixed assets and inventory, as well as fixed asset formation and the costs of unfinished construction and capital repairs.

Enterprises are broken down into following groups:

  • large – employing 200 persons and more;
  • medium – employing 50 to 199 persons;
  • small – employing 1 to 49 persons.

Types of investment: investment in replacement of old equipment; investment in the increase of production capacity; Rationalisation investment; Investment for other purposes (for pollution control, for improving safety at work, etc.).

Qualitative evaluation made by heads of enterprises on the frequency of distribution of types of investment.

Data availability

Dissemination format and Release calendar

Short-term confidence indicators in manufacturing, construction, retail trade and in the services are published on the last working day of the month. Business Tendency - monthly data


Download CSB publications on various time periods (starting from 2007) in section E-publications.

Theme Title Release datesort icon ZIP/PDF
Business Tendency Business survey results 2016/04 (only in Latvian) 28.11.2016
Business Tendency Business survey results 2016/03 (only in Latvian) 02.09.2016
Business Tendency Business survey results 2016/02 (only in Latvian) 02.06.2016
Business Tendency Business survey results 2016/01 (only in Latvian) 02.03.2016
Business Tendency Business survey results 2015/04 (only in Latvian) 02.12.2015
Business Tendency Business survey results 2015/03 (only in Latvian) 04.09.2015
Business Tendency Business survey results 2015/02 (only in Latvian) 02.06.2015
Business Tendency Business survey results 2015/01 (only in Latvian) 03.03.2015
Business Tendency Business survey results 2014/04 (only in Latvian) 25.11.2014
Business Tendency Business survey results 2014/03 (only in Latvian) 03.09.2014
Business Tendency Business survey results 2014/02 (only in Latvian) 02.06.2014
Business Tendency Business survey results 2014/01 (only in Latvian) 21.02.2014
Business Tendency Business Survey Results 2013/04 (only in Latvian) 21.11.2013
Business Tendency Business Survey Results 2013/03 (only in Latvian) 30.09.2013
Business Tendency Business Survey Results 2013/02 (only in Latvian) 28.06.2013


The following classifications are used in the survey:

  • Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community, Rev. 2 (NACE Rev. 2);
  • Main industrial groupings (MIG).

A Classification Catalogue with classification codes and their explanations has been published on the CSB website.

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

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Data collection

Survey method and data source

Data are obtained by carrying out sample survey. Information is obtained from statistics report "Investment business tendency evaluation in manufacturing enterprise" (1-irkj).

Target population

Economically active enterprises main kind of activity of which according to Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 2) is manufacturing.

Sample size

For the surveys enterprises are selected using targeted stratified sample.

Enterprises are stratified according to the kind of activity by NACE Rev. 2 and the number of employees. The larger the number of employees in the enterprise, the larger the possibility for this enterprise to be included in the sample.

The sample is made up as a sample independent from other sample surveys of enterprises.

In 2015, 968 enterprises were included in the sample. 

Statistical processing

Calculation methods

Initial data submitted by enterprises are weighted and generalized obtaining results on the total manufacturing in the country, as well as in various enterprise groups.

Investment types are expressed in percent. They are calculated by dividing the number of enterprises having marked certain kind of investment to all enterprises having answered in the survey.

Impact of various factors to the investment volume expressed with balance. Use of balance gives opportunity to express answers of question in one number, changes in answers to this question in periods forms simple dynamics row.

Balance of factors' impact is calculated according to formula:

S = ( "++" ) + 0.5*("+") - 0.5*("-") - ( "- -" ), where

("++") – share of utmost positive answers ("stimulate a lot") , as percent;

("+") – share of positive answers ("stimulate") , as percent;

("–") – share of negative answers ("limits") , as percent;

("– –") – share of utmost negative answers ("limits a lot") , as percent.

Data revision

Data published may be updated.


Comparability over time

Data are comparable since 2004.


Confidentiality of the information provided by respondents is protected by the Section 17 of the Statistics Law stipulating rights and obligations of the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia and other state authorities producing official statistics. Read more

Contact person on methodology

Name  Surname Telephone number Post   E-mail
Sandra Vītola +371 67366739 Senior Officer  Sandra [dot] Vitola [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv

Last update


Confidence indicators in manufacturing

Explanation of symbols


Magnitude zero


Less than half of the unit employed


Data not available or too uncertain for presentation


Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless


Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers


Magnitude zero