Data on innovations in enterprises are used to calculate number of innovation-active enterprises, their share in number of active enterprises, number of innovation-active enterprises by economic activity, turnover of and number of employees in innovation-active enterprises, number and share of innovation-active enterprises by main type of innovation, as well as total expenditure on innovations.


An innovation is the implementation of a new or significantly improved product (good or service), or process, a new marketing method, or a new organisational method in business practices, workplace organisation or external relations. The minimum requirement for an innovation is that the product, process, marketing method or organisational method must be new (or significantly improved) to the enterprise.

All scientific, technological, organisational, financial and commercial steps which actually, or are intended to, lead to the implementation of innovations. Some innovation activities are themselves innovative; others are not novel activities but are necessary for the implementation of innovations. Innovation activities also include R&D that is not directly related to the development of a specific innovation.

Enterprise has had innovation activities during the period under review, including ongoing and abandoned activities regardless of whether the activity resulted in the implementation of an innovation, is innovation-active.

An innovative enterprise – one that has implemented at least one innovation: technological (product, process), marketing or organizational during the period under review.

Implementation of a new marketing method involving significant changes in product design or packing, product placement, product promotion or pricing.

Implementation of a new organisational method in the enterprise’s business practices, workplace organisation or external relations.

Implementation of a new or significantly improved production or delivery method. This includes significant changes in techniques, equipment and/or software.

Introduction of a good or service that is new or significantly improved with respect to its characteristics or intended uses. This includes significant improvements in technical specification, components and materials, incorporated software, user friendliness or other functional characteristics.

Data availability

Dissemination format and release calendar

Theme Reference period Planned release datesort icon Remarks
  • 2014-2016

Theme Reference period Actual release datesort icon Remarks
  • 2012-2014
  • 2012
  • final data
  • 2010

Survey is carried out every two years. Innovation annual data

Data on survey results (2008–2010). Innovation survey 2008-2010»


Download CSB publications on various time periods (starting from 2007) in section E-publications.

Data on innovations are available in the statistical yearbooks. Publications are available in the E-publications section under topic "General Statistics".


Data are collected and published in compliance with Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 2).

A Classification Catalogue with classification codes and their explanations has been published on the CSB website.

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

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Additional information

In some cases, due to specifics of electronic data processing technologies slight discrepancies may occur in rounding adjustments between totals and sums of components.

Data collection

Survey method and data source

Survey on innovations in Latvia is conducted every second year and is aimed at acquiring information on innovation activities in enterprises during the three previous years.

Community Innovation Survey in Latvia is conducted basing on common Eurostat methodology and is sample survey.

Data source used to acquire the data is CSB report on research and innovations in enterprises (2-research and innovations).

Target population

Target population of the survey covers all economically active statistical units at the moment when the sample is built – merchants (individual merchants and commercial companies) with 10 employees or more, and market activity enterprises in the NACE Rev. 2 sections B, C, D, E, H, J, K and in the NACE Rev. 2 division 46 and divisions 71, 72 and 73 are to be covered.

Sample size

At the moment when sample is built, the sample frame includes all statistical units meeting the description of the target population. Sample frame was built with the help of Statistical Business Register information. Sample size was set by using Neyman's optimal allocation. The sample was built as stratified simple random sampling.

Number of respondents in the Community Innovation Survey (CIS) in Latvia 2008–2010 comprised 1358, while in the CIS 2010–2012 it was 1573.

Statistical processing

Calculation methods

Information on respondents included in the business sector sample is extrapolated by using weight given to each sample unit.

Estimation calculations are based on the Horvitz-Thompson estimator.

Data revision

The published data are final and are not revised.


Comparability over time

Data on the number of innovation-active enterprises are available since 2001.

Data on turnover, number of employees and expenditure on innovations of innovation-active enterprise are available since 2003.

Data on number of innovation-active enterprises and their share by type of innovations are available since 2006.

International comparability


Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) on its home page publishes information on innovation statistics in the EU and each country separately.


Confidentiality of the information provided by respondents is protected by the Section 17 of the Statistics Law stipulating rights and obligations of the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia and other state authorities producing official statistics. Read more

Contact person on methodology

Name Surname Phone number Position Email
Svetlana Jesiļevska +371 67366983 Senior Officer Svetlana [dot] Jesilevska [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv

Last update


Innovation survey (2008-2010)

Explanation of symbols


Magnitude zero


Less than half of the unit employed


Data not available or too uncertain for presentation


Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless


Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers


Magnitude zero