The main objective of the Household Budget Survey (HBS) is to estimate the level and structure of household consumption expenditure in country as a whole, in regions, urban and rural areas, as well as in various household groups. HBS is a source of information for the calculation of Consumer Price Index (inflation) and estimation of the Gross Domestic Product, as well as allows analysing consumption of food products in households.


Value of goods and services (in cash and kind), which are used for individual consumption.

According to the international Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose for Household Budget Survey (COICOP/HBS) all consumption expenditure is divided into 12 groups as to their functional meaning. Data are given as a total in cash and in kind.

4th group of the consumption expenditure "Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels" at national level does not include imputed rent, i.e., imputed rent of a dwelling occupied by owner, which is taken into account, when comparing data among the European Union Member States.

Consumption expenditure does not include expenditure on private entrepreneurship and expenditure having investment character, as well as expenditure related to the re-payment of credits and their service.

Consumption expenditure is compiled in cash and in kind at prices of the corresponding year. Consumption expenditure in kind includes food products obtained by themselves from personal plot of land, fishing and hunting, received free of charge from other households or employer, as well as firewood obtained by households themselves. Expenditure in kind is estimated at market prices. Also services received from employer or local government free of charge or partly paid are included in the consumption expenditure in kind.

Consumption of products purchased, self-produced and obtained free of charge, excluding consumption of food products in restaurants, canteens and similar catering enterprises.

Main breadwinner of the household is a person who has the highest contribution to the common household budget (in cash and kind) not only during the survey month, but within the last 3–6 months.

For farmer households this period covers last 12 months.

Several persons living in one dwelling and sharing expenditures or one person having separate housekeeping.

One fifth (20%) of the number of surveyed households grouped in increasing sequence according to the disposable income per one household member.

Quintile groups are used in the Household Budget Survey to study differentiation (stratification) of households according to consumption, analyse structure of expenditure in households and carry out other researches.  

Urban area – administrative territory, to which municipal status is granted.

Rural area – administrative territory, to which no municipal status is granted.

Statistical regions:

  • Riga – Riga city.
  • Pierīga region – Aloja county, Ādaži county, Babīte county, Baldone county, Carnikava county, Engure county, Garkalne county, Ikšķile county, Inčukalns county, Jaunpils county, Jūrmala city, Kandava county, Krimulda county, Ķegums county, Ķekava county, Lielvārde county, Limbaži county, Mālpils county, Mārupe county, Ogre county, Olaine county, Ropaži county, Salacgrīva county, Salaspils county, Saulkrasti county, Sēja county, Sigulda county, Stopiņi county, Tukums county.
  • Vidzeme region – Alūksne county, Amata county, Ape county, Beverīna county, Burtnieki county, Cesvaine county, Cēsis county, Ērgļi county, Gulbene county, Jaunpiebalga county, Kocēni county, Līgatne county, Lubāna county, Madona county, Mazsalaca county, Naukšēni county, Pārgauja county, Priekuļi county, Rauna county, Rūjiena county, Smiltene county, Strenči county, Valka county, Valmiera city, Varakļāni county, Vecpiebalga county.
  • Kurzeme region – Aizpute county, Alsunga county, Brocēni county, Dundaga county, Durbe county, Grobiņa county, Kuldīga county, Liepāja, Mērsrags county, Nīca county, Pāvilosta county, Priekule county, Roja county, Rucava county, Saldus county, Skrunda county, Talsi county, Vaiņode county, Ventspils city, Ventspils county.
  • Zemgale region – Aizkraukle county, Aknīste county, Auce county, Bauska county, Dobele county, Iecava county, Jaunjelgava county, Jelgava city, Jelgava county, Jēkabpils city, Jēkabpils county, Koknese county, Krustpils county, Nereta county, Ozolnieki county, Pļaviņas county, Rundāle county, Sala county, Skrīveri county, Tērvete county, Vecumnieki county, Viesīte county.
  • Latgale region – Aglona county, Baltinava county, Balvi county, Cibla county, Dagda county, Daugavpils city, Daugavpils county, Ilūkste county, Kārsava county, Krāslava county, Līvāni county, Ludza county, Preiļi county, Rēzekne city, Rēzekne county, Riebiņi county, Rugāji county, Vārkava county, Viļaka county, Viļāni county, Zilupe county.

Data availability

Dissemination format and Release calendar

Theme Reference period Actual release datesort icon Remarks
Household Budget
  • 2016
Household Budget
  • 2015
Household Budget
  • 2014
Household Budget
  • 2013
Household Budget
  • 2012

In 2017 and 2018, the Household Budget Survey will not be conducted, as it is planned to be carried out every three years thereafter. The next survey is planned in 2019, publication of database accordingly in 2020.

News Releases


Download CSB publications on various time periods (starting from 2007) in section E-publications.

Data on household budget and consumption expenditure are published also in the statistical yearbooks. Statistical yearbooks are available in the homepage`s section E-publications under topic "General statistics".


In the Household Budget Survey following classifications are used:

  • Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose. The aim of the COICOP/HBS classification is to provide harmonised information in compliance with the requirements of Eurostat and other international statistical organisations and to ensure data comparability in the calculations of individual consumption. Until 2014 data available according to COICOP classification, in turn starting from 2015 consumption expenditure are published according to European Individual Consumption According to Purpose (ECOICOP), consequently, the data are comparable only till the class level. ECOICOP replaces the COICOP classification used before. Consumption expenditure according to COICOP for the period until 2014 will still be available for data users in the database.
  • Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS).
  • Classification of Administrative Territories and Territorial Units of the Republic of Latvia (CATTU).
  • Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in European Community (NACE Rev. 2).
  • EU version of the International Standardised Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88 (COM)).
  • Classification of Occupations.
  • International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED).

A Classification Catalogue with classification codes and their explanations has been published on the CSB website.

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

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Data collection

Survey method and source data

Method used to collect Household budget Survey data is personal interview with an individual of the household, who has affirmed the CSB request on participation in the survey, as well as regular Diary keeping of consumption expenditure. Usually respondent is a household member or an adult, who has the widest information on household as whole. Participation in the survey for the household is voluntary.

Following types of principal survey forms and diaries are developed for the collection of substantive information: Household Diary of Consumption Expenditure and Household Questionnaire, as well as pocket Individual Diary.

Household Diary is filled in by respondents themselves within two-week period. In the diary respondent registers all regular household consumption expenditure as well as consumption of food products obtained from the personal plot of land or received free of charge.

Individual Diary is envisaged for household members in temporary absence as well as for pupils.

Household Questionnaire is completed by the interviewer. It consists of two interviews: Preliminary Interview and Final Interview. Preliminary interview consists of questions related to the background characteristics of the household composition, housing conditions, employment of household members, activities of agricultural production, while the Final Interview involves questions regarding household income, as well as expenditure on cultural and household facilities and accessibility.

Statistical population

The basic unit of the survey is private household. The survey does not cover the collective households (homes for the elderly, homes for disabled children, students` hostels, hotels, soldiers' barracks, hospitals, sanatoria, places of liberty deprivation, etc.).

Sample size

Sample is evenly distributed throughout the whole territory of Latvia. Survey includes all persons living in the particular household.

Year Sample size Number of responding households Response rate, % Non-response rate, % Of wich refusals, %
2002 6 158 3 949 65 35 13
2003 6 001 3 631 62 38 17
2004 6 513 3 913 61 39 18
2005 7 429 3 774 52 48 21
2006 9 004 4 051 45 55 25
2007 9 470 3 565 40 60 25
2008 10 281 4 002 41 59 26
2009 10 267 4 359 45 55 28
2010 9 407 3 798 43 57 32
2011 9 983 3 769 40 60 32
2012 10 559 3 791 37 63 33
2013 11 196 3 931 36 64 35
2014 11 205 3 713 34 66 33
2015 11 222 3 844 35 65 30
2016 11 186 3 263 30 70 33

HBS has a two-stage stratified sample, stratifying addresses by the degree of urbanisation: Riga, eight largest cities (Daugavpils, Jēkabpils, Jelgava, Jūrmala, Liepāja, Rēzekne, Valmiera, Ventspils), other towns, rural areas. The counting areas of the Population and Housing Census are used as primary sample unit (PSU) within each stratum. The annual address sample is evenly distributed over time and space.

Data revision

Data for the HBS 2010 – 2015 were extrapolated basing on the population number and its breakdown specified in compliance with the results of the Population and Housing Census 2011.


Comparability over time

Household Budget Survey data are available since 2002.

Contact person methodology

Name Surname Phone number Position Email
Lidija Spārīte +371 67366998 Senior Expert Lidija [dot] Sparite [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv

Last update


Household disposable income

Number of private households

Explanation of symbols


Magnitude zero


Less than half of the unit employed


Data not available or too uncertain for presentation


Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless


Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers


Magnitude zero