Key forestry indicators are used to estimate forest area, felled area and standing timber in breakdown by type of felling; logging production in breakdown by form of ownership; forest regeneration and afforestation areas; as well as distribution of tree species all over the territory of Latvia.

Definitions

A set of measures for afforestation of land which in the Real Estate State Cadastre Information System is not registered as forest.

Final felling is a kind of felling intended for general harvesting of wood performed in one or several attempts after final felling has reached definite age or diameter.

Clear felling - a method in final felling. This type of felling implies that within a year since its outset the basal area of the forest stand or a part of it is reduced below the critical basal area.

Thinning is a type of felling intended for improving the stand composition, growth conditions for the remaining stand.

Improvement felling is a type of felling intended to remove the unproductive forest stands seamlessly or selectively.

Sanitary clear felling is a type of felling with the help of which the stands, which have lost the growing ability due to diseases, pests, wild animals, or abiotic factors (water, fire, wind etc.), are removed.

Sanitary selection felling is a type of felling with the help of which forest stand is cleared from trees overturned and broken down by wind, damaged by diseases, pests, animals or injured otherwise, and which have lost their ability to grow.

Other felling is a type of felling intended for the maintenance of forest infrastructure, landscape forming, collecting of dangerous trees, felling of dead trees, as well as for the preservation of nature values. 

The last attempt of selection felling is a kind of final felling by means of which the forest stand is felled in several attempts. The shortest interval between the attempts is five years. During the last attempt of selection felling the forest stand is felled in full.

An ecosystem in all stages of its development, dominated by trees, the height of which at the particular location may reach at least five metres and the present or potential tree crown cover accounts for at least 20% of the stand area.

Partial or complete loss of growth potential of a forest stand due to the impact of pests, diseases, animals, humans, wind, snow, fire and similar factors.

Acquisition of information regarding forest and adjacent bogs, forest infrastructure objects, overflowing glades and bogs falling within the forest area located in specific forest ownership or tenure and documentation of the information acquired.

The land covered by forest, land under the forest infrastructure facilities, as well as overflowing clearings, bogs and glades falling within and neighbouring the forest.

A complex of activities for forest regeneration in forest area on which due to felling or other factors basal area of forest stand has became smaller than critical basal area. Forest seeding or planting as well as stimulation of natural regeneration in forest.

A forest characterized by uniform growth conditions, composition of species and age.

Biological age of the dominant tree species of a forest stand. If the age of the dominant tree species of a forest stand differs, the forest stand age is determined based on the biological age of the tree group with the widest area of standing timber.

Part of the forest area.

It excludes areas where neither a forest (clearings, defoliated stands, damaged stands) nor forest crops are growing (artificially afforested areas that are not yet included in forest-covered areas).

The territory, which is determined in order to ensure the conservation of the specially protected species or biotope outside special areas of conservation, as well as in the special areas of conservation, if any of functional zones fails to ensure that.

Separate, isolated natural formations: protected trees, dendrological plantings, avenues, geological and geomorphological nature monuments, which have scientific, cultural and historical, aesthetic or ecologic value. 206 geological and geomorphological nature monuments, 89 dendrological plantings and 60 avenues are protected in Latvia.

Territories that represent the natural, cultural and historical values of a particular region, and are suitable for recreational and educational purposes. There are 42 nature parks in Latvia, best known of which are Engure Lake Nature Park, Tērvete Nature Park and Nature Park "Daugava’s Circles".

Nature territories unaffected or slightly affected by human activity that include habitats of specially protected wildlife species of plants and animals and specially protected biotopes. There are 260 nature reserves in Latvia.

Forest stands of coniferous trees, ash trees and oaks aged up to 40 years, forest stands of white alder aged up to 10 years, and forest stands of other tree species aged up to 20 years.

Territories remarkable for original and diverse landscapes and special beauty. The aim of these areas is to protect and preserve cultural environment and landscapes characteristic of Latvia in all their diversity, as well as to ensure preservation of environment suitable for tourism and recreation. There are 9 protected landscape areas in Latvia.

The volume of timber in the corresponding felling method.

Timber felling characterises timber preparation in final felling and intermediate felling.

The mass volume of growing trees expressed in cubic metres.

Data availability

Dissemination format and Release calendar

Theme Reference period Actual release datesort icon Remarks
Average purchase prices of timber
  • First half of 2017
15.09.2017
Forest regeneration and tending costs (EUR/ha)
  • 2016
30.06.2017
Average logging costs, EUR per m3
  • 2016
30.06.2017
Felling areas and stock volume
  • 2016
25.05.2017
Average purchase prices of timber
  • Second half of 2016
07.04.2017

Publications

Download CSB publications on various time periods (starting from 2007) in section E-publications and subscribe for paper publications in section Publications.

Data on forestry are available in the monthly bulletins and statistical yearbooks. Statistical yearbooks and monthly bulletins are available in E-publication section under topic "General statistics".

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

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Data collection

Survey method and data source

Key forestry indicators are used to estimate forest area, standing timber, felled areas and removals in breakdown by type of felling, as well as on tree species in the whole territory of Latvia.

The data on felled areas and removals until 2012 are acquired from the State Forest Service report 1-ms ''Report on wood felling'', which is submitted by all State Forest Service territorial structural units – Sate Forest Districts. From 2013 these data are acquired from State Forest Service report ''Report on wood felling''.

Data on regenerated and afforested forest areas and logging production in breakdown by form of ownership, protected forest areas, forest damage, forestry restrictions, forest fires, crimes, number of game animals and animals hunted are based on the information compiled by the State Forest Service.

Until 2006 tables Forest land and timber stand of Latvia, Selected tree species in all forests of Latvia, Forest cover and types of trees by statistical region and district contain the State Forest Service data.

Starting from 2006, the data are acquired from the Forest Statistical Inventory carried out by the State Forest Research Institute "Silava". The Forest Statistical Inventory is based on measurements from sample plots, and as a result of that high precision information characterising forest resources is obtained. Starting from 2009, the State Forest Research Institute "Silava" will carry out the Forest Statistical Inventory once in five years.

Data revision

The published data are final and are not revised.

Comparability

Comparability over time

Data on logging production are available since 1991.

Data on forest land areas are available since 1994.

Data on tree species and forest cover are available since 2004.

International comparability

Eurostat

The Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) publishes information on forestry in the EU and in every country separately on its home page. It can be found in section:Statistics/ Agriculture and fisheries/ Forestry/ Database.

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/

Other comparability

State Forest Service

The State Forest Service on its homepage publishes information on forest resources in Latvia – forest regeneration, timber resources, forestland transformation, forest health and hunting resources.

http://www.vmd.gov.lv

Contact person on methodology

Name Surname Phone number Position Email
Alda Jirgensone +371 67366745 Senior Officer Alda [dot] Jirgensone [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv

Last update

20.07.2017

Average logging costs

Forest regeneration and tending costs

Number of game animals and game animals bagged during hunting season

Explanation of symbols

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Magnitude zero

0

Less than half of the unit employed

...

Data not available or too uncertain for presentation

X

Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless

.

Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers

0

Magnitude zero