Farm Structure Survey data are acquired in compliance with the requirements of the Council Regulation (EEC) No 571/88.

Within the framework of the survey information is obtained on agricultural holdings and managers thereof, land use, sown areas, plantations and greenhouse areas, number of livestock, agricultural machinery in holdings, manure storage facilities and irrigation equipment, as well as on labour force in agriculture.


Technically and economically independent unit having common management producing agricultural products or preserving good agricultural and environmental conditions in the soil.

Holdings may produce also non-agricultural products and provide non-agricultural services.

Products of field crops, horticultural crops, vegetables, livestock as well as other agricultural products sold outside the holding for charge, as labour remuneration or gifts, and agricultural services provided for charge, except veterinary services.

Natural or legal persons providing agricultural services.

A unit of work devoted to agriculture, calculated assuming that each person employed in agriculture has worked 230 working days or 1840 hours during the previous 12 months.

Areas regularly farmed, usually in accordance with the crop rotation scheme of the holding.

It includes sown areas of agricultural crops, fallows, areas of strawberries, flowers and open areas of ornamental plants, open nurseries and utilised areas of greenhouses.

All training courses that provide basic knowledge in various agricultural branches, for which qualification certificate has been received.

Land used for grain production only.

All dairy cows, including cull dairy cows, and dry cows and heifers, which have calved.

Economic size of agricultural holding is used to compare production indicators and results of holding activities with different production structure, i.e., various crops, sown areas, number and groups of livestock. In European Union economic size of agricultural holding is expressed in European size units (ESU) – 1 ESU is 1200 euro. One ESU comprised:

  • in 1999–2001 – EUR 993;
  • in 2001–2003 – EUR 1014;
  • in 2003–2005 – EUR 1140.

To determine the economic size of farm total gross margin of each farm is calculated. The type of farming is found out with the calculation of each production field relative investment in the total standard gross margin of each farm.

Agricultural holding producing agricultural goods regardless of the volume of production and type of their use, or preserving good agricultural and environmental conditions in the soil.

Income gained by natural or legal person, who has main job in agriculture, from other economic activities.

Area prepared for sowing of winter and spring crops that in order to destroy weeds, accumulate nourishing substances and moisture the soil, is farmed throughout the entire vegetation period.

Refer to detached or attached wooden, metal or mixed-material framework construction covered with glass, plastic or other transparent material. The height of the construction is sufficient to provide the opportunity to move inside the greenhouse.

All laying hens regardless of whether eggs are planned to be used for consumption or incubation, including laying hens and cocks for slaughter.

Refers to persons who have graduated agricultural higher education institution.

A natural person, a group of natural persons or a legal person who is legally and economically responsible for the holding, regardless of the type of tenure (owned, used or rented).

Natural person (owner himself/herself, owner’s spouse, other owner’s family member or other non-family members) doing managerial work on the agricultural holding thus working on the holding for a certain number of hours.

All persons employed in crop production, livestock breeding and agricultural services within last 12 months before the reference date.

The number of hours worked was calculated taking into account only hours actually worked in agriculture, idle time and rest time inclusive, but lunchtime, time spent in household work and other non-agricultural jobs, vocations, holidays and illnesses were excluded.

Regular labour force - persons who during the last 12 months have worked on holding each week regardless the working week length. This indicator includes persons who because of the type of farming were permanently employed only during the season, for a definite job or production cycle.

Sown areas of various cereal mixtures.

Sown areas where cereals prevail and the admixture of pulses is insignificant.

Include plantations of flowers, fruit trees, berry bushes, ornamental tree plants, forest tree nurseries and plantations of spruce, fir and other ornamental trees cultivated for sale.

Plantations of fruit trees and berry bushes, including new plantations.

Practical experience in agriculture involves experience obtained in practical farm work.

Areas destined for the yield of pulses from both pure sowing and mix, where pulses prevail.

Reference period for number of livestock: June 1.

Reference period for number of labour force in agriculture: last 12 months – from June 1 of the previous year till May 31 of the survey year.

Reference period for agricultural machinery: June 1.

Persons who during the last twelve months have worked for the holding each week regardless of the working week duration. This indicator includes persons who because of the type of farming were permanently employed only during the work season, for a definite job or production cycle.

Arable land left uncultivated for more than one year, but no longer than 3 years.

It means a standardised value estimated for each unit of production branch, i.e. for each crop plantation, livestock group. The standard gross margin is calculated on the basis of average harvests of the respective region, production and prices of productions resources.

The total gross standard margin characterises the economic size of the farm in terms of money. In order to determine the economic size of the farm CSB is using standard gross margins (SGM) set by the Latvian State Institute of Agrarian Economic. SGM is recalculated every second year basing on three year base:

  • in Farm Structure Survey 2003 CSB was using SGM of 2000, which was determined with the help of the data on 1999, 2000 and 2001;
  • in Farm Structure Survey 2005 CSB was using SGM of 2002, which was determined with the help of the data on 2001, 2002 and 2003;
  • in Farm Structure Survey 2007 CSB was using SGM of 2004, which was determined with the help of the data on 2003, 2004 and 2005.

Mean cows used only for suckling of heifers and which are not milked.

Area which at the moment of the survey was sown or was planned to be sown for the yield of survey year.

Former arable land, meadows, pastures, perennial crops, which due to the high moisture, unsuitable relief, social or economic reasons are not used, as well as, land laying waste.

Agricultural area (arable land, permanent crops, meadows and pastures) actually managed by the holding, regardless of its type of tenure.

Areas which have been used to yield the forage crops for more than five years, and which are not included in the system of crop rotation.

Refers to a 1-year agricultural school (finished after completed secondary school), professional school, vocational school, college, vocational secondary school, agricultural school or agricultural technical school.

Data availability

Dissemination format and release calendar

Survey on structure of agricultural farms is acquired once in a two years. Data are published 12 months after reference period. Farm Structure Survey survey 2003, 2005, 2007»

News releases


Data are collected, published in compliance with:

  • Classification of Administrative Territories and Territorial Units of the Republic of Latvia (CATTU);
  • Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS);
  • Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 1.1).

A Classification Catalogue with classification codes and their explanations has been published on the CSB website.

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

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Additional information

Due to specifics of electronic data processing technologies and rounding adjustments, slight discrepancies may appear between the published data and results of calculations made by data users.

CSB is publishing information on all economically active farms, but Eurostat offers only information on farms larger than 0.05 ESU, therefore data differences may occur.

Data collection

Survey method and data source

Data source for the Farm Structure Survey is a sample-survey. Agricultural holdings are selected from the Statistical Farm Register. Data are collected in compliance with the CSB questionnaire "Farm Structure Survey".

Target population

Economically active agricultural holdings producing agricultural goods or maintaining soil at good agricultural and environmental condition.

Sample size

The sample has been formed as stratified simple random sample. Holdings are stratified by their location (NUTS 3), type of farming and economic size.

In 2003 total sample size comprised 49.6 thousand holdings.

In 2005 total sample size comprised 60.0 thousand holdings.

In 2007 total sample size comprised 58.0 thousand holdings.

Statistical processing

Calculation methods

Extrapolation of the data on the surveyed holdings to all agricultural holdings is based on the number of similar holdings represented by sampled holdings as well as actual response rate in each of the survey territories.

Data revision

Data are final and are not revised.


Comparability over time

Data on structure of agricultural farms are available since 2003.

International comparability


Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) on its homepage publishes information on agriculture in the EU and on each country separately. Main indicators are available in section: Statistics/ Agriculture and forestry/ Agriculture/ Main tables/ Farm structure.

More detailed Farm Structure Data: Statistics/ Agriculture and forestry/ Agriculture/ Database/ Farm structure.

Eurostat has published reports on agriculture in the EU countries on its webpage: Publications/ Collections/ Statistics in focus.


Confidentiality of the information provided by respondents is protected by the Section 17 of the Statistics Law stipulating rights and obligations of the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia and other state authorities producing official statistics. Read more

Contact person on methodology

Name Surname Phone number Position Email
Anita Raubena 67366977 departamenta direktora vietnieks

Last update


Farm Structure Survey 2013

Number of agricultural machinery

Explanation of symbols


Magnitude zero


Less than half of the unit employed


Data not available or too uncertain for presentation


Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless


Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers


Magnitude zero