Data are acquired and calculated in compliance with the criteria set by European Parliament and Council Regulation No 1166/2008 (19 November 2008). [1]. Farm Structure survey is conducted once in three years. In 2010 farm structure survey was carried out as census (Agricultural Census 2010), when all economically active farms in Latvia were surveyed. Farm Structure Survey 2013 was carried out as sample survey. Farm Structure survey is conducted once in three years with an aim to acquire the following data: general characteristics of the holding, information about its owner and manager, land use, number of livestock, organic farming systems, machinery available to the holding and other indicators.


In compliance with Article 39 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 (available at: a support is granted to farmers who make agri-environmental commitments on a voluntary basis to compensate for the costs and income foregone.

Agri-environment payments within the framework of organic farming - in compliance with Article 39 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 a support is granted to farmers, if the holding practices agriculture according to certain set standards and rules specified in Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007.

Basic training in agriculture – refers to all training courses providing basic knowledge in different agricultural branches, for which a qualification certificate has been received.

Vocational education or professional secondary education in agriculture refers to a 1-year agricultural school (finished after acquired secondary education), professional school, vocational school, college, vocational secondary school, agricultural school or agricultural technical school.

Higher agricultural education – person has acquired vocational or academic higher education in agricultural field.

Vocational training undertaken during the last 12 months – knowledge was raised outside the holding in training courses organised by training centres, scientific institutions, where training programme is developed by specialists and pedagogues.

Technically and economically independent unit having common management producing agricultural products or preserving good agricultural and environmental conditions in the soil.

Holdings may produce also non-agricultural products and provide non-agricultural services.

Number of agricultural machinery units owned by farmers and used for production of agricultural products.

Joint property agricultural machinery is included in the agricultural holdings belonging to a natural or legal person, whose data are included in the registration certificate.

Products of field crops, horticultural crops, vegetables, livestock as well as other agricultural products sold outside the holding for charge, as labour remuneration or gifts, and agricultural services provided for charge, except veterinary services.

A unit of work devoted to agriculture, calculated assuming that each person employed in agriculture has worked 230 working days or 1840 hours during the previous 12 months.

Areas regularly farmed, usually in accordance with the crop rotation scheme of the holding.

It includes sown areas of agricultural crops, fallows, areas of strawberries, flowers and open areas of ornamental plants, open nurseries and utilised areas of greenhouses.

Land used for grain production only.

All dairy cows, including cull dairy cows, and dry cows and heifers, which have calved.

In compliance with Article 53 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 (available at: a support is granted to diversification into non-agricultural activities within the measures to diversify the rural economy.

The economic size of the holding is used for comparison of production indicators and operating surpluses of holdings having different production structure, i.e., different crops, sown areas, number and species of livestock.

In the European Union the economic size of a holding is expressed with the standard output (SO).

Agricultural holding producing agricultural goods regardless of the volume of production and type of their use, or preserving good agricultural and environmental conditions in the soil.

In compliance with Article 55 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 (available at: a support is granted to encouragement of tourism activities, such as:

  • development of small-scale infrastructure;
  • development of recreational infrastructure;
  • development and marketing of tourism services relating to rural tourism.

Area prepared for sowing of winter and spring crops that in order to destroy weeds, accumulate nourishing substances and moisture the soil, is farmed throughout the entire vegetation period.

All laying hens regardless of whether eggs are planned to be used for consumption or incubation, including laying hens and cocks for slaughter.

A natural person, a group of natural persons or a legal person who is legally and economically responsible for the holding, regardless of the type of tenure (owned, used or rented).

An area smaler than 1 ha, where agricultural products are grown only for consumption of persons living in the corresponding agricultural holding. Usually it is separated from the rest of the agricultural area, and in one plot several crops are grown.

All persons aged over 15, who during the last 12 months before the reference date were employed in crop production, animal production or provided agricultural services for pay or profit in goods or services. The number of hours worked is calculated considering only the hours actually worked in agriculture, including idle time and rest time and excluding lunch breaks and time worked in household and other non-agricultural works, as well as vocations, holidays and illnesses.

Relative indicator expressed per one cattle aged over two years.

Recalculations are based on the coefficient of the corresponding livestock group.

Activity taking more time or providing higher income.

A natural person – owner him/ herself, owner’s spouse, other owner’s family member or other non-family members – doing managerial work for the agricultural holding thus working in the holding for a certain number of hours.

Areas of permanent grassland and meadows no longer used for production purposes which are maintained in good agricultural and environmental condition and are eligible for the single area payment.

Sown areas of various cereal mixtures.

Sown areas where cereals prevail and the admixture of pulses is insignificant.

In compliance with Section 26 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 (available at: a support is granted to material and non-material investments that:

  • improves general activities of the agricultural holding; and
  • meets the community standards that are adjusted to the particular investments.

In compliance with Article 38 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 (available at: a support is granted to farmers in area with handicaps in order to compensate for the costs and income foregone.

Include plantations of flowers, fruit trees, berry bushes, ornamental tree plants, forest tree nurseries and plantations of spruce, fir and other ornamental trees cultivated for sale.

A holding to which organic farming control institutions have granted an organic farming certificate, transition period certificate or reference on initiation of the transition period.

Other gainful activity is any other activity of persons having the main job in agriculture. This activity takes less time than the main activity of the person.

Perennial grass sown during the last five years and perennial grass without cover crops sown in 2010 that is included in plant rotation for up to five years and that satisfies the need of livestock for forage during summer and winter period.

Plantations of fruit trees and berry bushes, including new plantations.

Areas destined for the yield of pulses from both pure sowing and mix, where pulses prevail.

1 July 2013 (number of livestock and agricultural machinery) or 12 months before the reference date from 1 July 2012 to 30 June 2013 (labour force in agriculture).

Persons who during the last twelve months have worked for the holding each week regardless of the working week duration. This indicator includes persons who because of the type of farming were permanently employed only during the work season, for a definite job or production cycle.

Standard indicator characterizing the economic activity of an agricultural holding, i.e., value acquired from one hectare of agricultural crops or one livestock head (unit), estimated at prices of the corresponding region and expressed in EUR.

Total standard output characterizes the economic size of the holding in monetary terms. To determine the economic size of the holding the CSB uses Standard Output (SO) per one hectare of agricultural crops and one livestock unit set by the State Institute of Agrarian Economics.

Includes all poultry, including young poultry of the species concerned.

Area which at the moment of the survey was sown or was planned to be sown for the yield of survey year.

Former arable land, meadows, pastures, perennial crops, which due to the high moisture, unsuitable relief, social or economic reasons are not used, as well as, land laying waste.

Agricultural area (arable land, permanent crops, meadows and pastures) actually managed by the holding, regardless of its type of tenure.

Areas which have been used to yield the forage crops for more than five years, and which are not included in the system of crop rotation.

In compliance with Article 28 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 (available at: support is granted to material and non-material investments that:

  • improve general activities of the enterprises; and
  • apply to agricultural and forestry products processing, development of new products, processes and technologies.

Data availability

Dissemination format and release calendar

Theme Reference period Actual release datesort icon Remarks
Farm Structure Survey (2010 and 2013)
  • 2013
  • final data
Farm Structure Survey (2010 and 2013)
  • 2013
  • provisional data

Survey on structure of agricultural holdings is carried out once in three years. Data are published 12 months after the reference period. Data of Farm Structure Survey 2003, 2005, 2007» 

News releases

Date Title
28.12.2017 Main results of the Farm Structure Survey 2016


Data on Agricultural Census are collected and compiled in compliance with:

  • Classification of Administrative Territories and Territorial Units of the Republic of Latvia (CATTU) on 1 July 2010;
  • Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS);
  • Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 1.2).

A Classification Catalogue with classification codes and their explanations has been published on the CSB website.

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

Read more

Additional information

Due to specifics of electronic data processing technologies and rounding adjustments, slight discrepancies may appear between the published data and results of calculations made by data users.

The CSB publishes information on all economically active holdings.

Data collection

Survey method and data source

Data source for the Farm Structure Survey is census in 2010 and sample survey in 2013. Agricultural holdings are selected from the Statistical Farm Register.

Data sources of Agricultural Census 2010:

  • CSB statistical report form No. LS – 2010 “AGRICULTURAL CENSUS 2010” and annex No. LS - 2010 "Survey on agricultural production methods 2010";
  • Information from the following administrative data sources were used to reduce respondent burden and length of the interview in holdings;
    • Agricultural Data Centre (ADC) Register of herds and animals – information on the number of cattle, sheep, goats and horses in holdings;
    • Rural Support Service Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS) – information on rural development support payments to holdings;
    • For data comparison additionally was also used ADC Organic farms information system and State Revenue Service (SRS) on the number of employed in agricultural enterprises.

Data sources of Farm Structure Survey 2013:

  • CSB statistical report form LSSA – 2013 “Farm Structure Survey 2013”;
  • Administrative data were used to reduce respondent burden and length of the interview in holdings;
    • Agricultural Data Centre (ADC) helped to acquire the information on the number of cattle, sheep, goats and horses in holdings and information on livestock bred using organic production methods,
    • ADC Organic Farming Database helped to acquire information on the Organic farms,
    • Information on rural development support payments to holdings was obtained from the Rural Support Service Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS).

Collection of data for Farm Structure Survey 2013 included the following methods: laptop computers in interviews, telephone interviewing, respondents were able to fill in the questionnaire on the Internet via the new system CASIS CAWI.

Target population

Farm Structure Survey included economically active agricultural holdings producing agricultural goods or maintaining soil at good agricultural and environmental condition, the utilised agricultural area in which exceeded 1 ha or Standard Output (SO) of which exceeded EUR 70 regardless the agricultural area.

SO – Standard indicator characterizing the economic activity of agricultural holding, i.e., value acquired from one hectare of agricultural crops or one livestock head (unit), estimated at prices of the corresponding region and expressed in EUR.

Sample size

Farm Structure Survey 2010 was carried out as census. 90 000 farms were surveyed in Agricultural Census.

The sample of Farm Structure Survey 2013 has been formed as a stratified simple random sample.

Total sample size of Farm Structure Survey 2013 comprised 30 000 holdings.

Statistical processing

Calculation methods

Extrapolation of the data on the surveyed holdings to all agricultural holdings is based on the number of similar holdings represented by sampled holdings as well as actual response rate in each of the survey territories.


Comparability over time

Data on structure of agricultural farms are available since 2003.

International comparability


Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) compiles and in its homepage publishes information on farm structure in the member states of the European Union altogether and for each country separately. It can be found in section: Data/ Database/ Tables/Long-term indicators/Agriculture, forestry and fisheries/Agriculture/Farm structure/ Farm structure - 2008 legislation.

Other comparability

Agricultural Data Centre

Agricultural Data Centre compiles information on the number of livestock in breakdown by age and use group within the territory of Latvia; it also publishes data also on other animals: poultry, rabbits, fur animals, fishponds, bee colonies, wild birds, nutrias, aquacultures, and wild animals.


Confidentiality of the information provided by respondents is protected by the Section 17 of the Statistics Law stipulating rights and obligations of the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia and other state authorities producing official statistics. Read more

Contact person on methodology

Name Surname Phone number Position Email
Anita Raubena 67366977 departamenta direktora vietnieks

Last update


Farm Structure Survey (2003, 2005, 2007)

Number of agricultural machinery

Explanation of symbols


Magnitude zero


Less than half of the unit employed


Data not available or too uncertain for presentation


Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless


Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers


Magnitude zero