In the survey “European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions” is added supplementary section of questions (module) dedicated to particular subject. Ad-hoc modules are developed each year in order to complement the variables permanently collected in EU-SILC with supplementary variables highlighting unexplored aspects of social inclusion - material deprivation, housing conditions, social and cultural participation, intergenerational transmission of disadvantages, over-indebtedness and financial exclusion, intra-household sharing of resources, wellbeing etc.


60% of disposable income median recalculated per equivalent consumer.

Cash income from labour, employee income in kind received by using company car for private needs estimated in cash, income or losses received from self-employment, received pensions and benefits, regular material assistance from other households, profit from interests of deposits, dividends, shares, income received by children aged under 16, income from property rental, receipts for tax adjustments from State Revenue Service (for business activities, eligible costs–education, medical treatment etc.).

From this total amount of income the following are deducted: real estate tax, amount of money regularly given to other households, amount paid to State Revenue Service due to unpaid or insufficiently paid income tax.

Basic education or lower: an individual has not acquired school education or the attained education is lower than primary education; has attained primary education; basic education; vocational basic education; vocational education with pedagogical correction; vocational education after basic education.

Secondary education: an individual has acquired general secondary education; general secondary education after vocational education; vocational secondary education after basic education; vocational secondary education after vocational education; vocational education after general secondary education, vocational secondary education after general secondary education.

Higher education: an individual has acquired first level higher education; academic education (bachelor’s degree) or second level vocational higher education (vocational bachelor’s degree); second level vocational higher education (length of studies – 5 years); academic education (master’s degree) or second level vocational higher education (vocational master’s degree); doctorate degree.

The median of a finite list of numbers can be found by arranging all the observations from lowest value to highest value and picking the middle one.

Households of various types have different consumption needs and not always they are directly proportional to the number of persons in household.

Three persons do not need three times wider useful floor space and three times more consumer durables. Consumption differs also between children and adults.

This phenomenon hampers comparison of the data among households of various types; therefore equivalence scales are used, as a result data are calculated per number of equivalent consumers in household, and that ensures comparability of the data among various households. 

European Statistical System is using so-called "modified OECD* equivalence scale" – it gives weight of 1.0 to the first adult, 0.5 to any other household member aged 14 and over and 0.3 to each child aged less than 14. The number of equivalent consumers in household is acquired by summing the weights given to each household member.

*OECD – Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

One fifth (20%) of the number of surveyed households grouped in increasing sequence according to the disposable income per one household member.

Data availability

Dissemination format and release calendar

Theme Reference period Actual release datesort icon Remarks
Health and children`s health
  • 2017
  • 2013
Social and cultural participation
  • 2015

News releases


Download CSB publications on various time periods (starting from 2007) in section E-publications.

Theme Title Release datesort icon ZIP/PDF
EU-SILC survey Income and Living Conditions in Latvia 2017 08.05.2018
EU-SILC survey Income and living conditions in Latvia in 2016 09.05.2017
EU-SILC survey Income and living conditions in Latvia in 2015 05.05.2016
EU-SILC survey Material deprivation in Latvia in 2015 (only in Latvian) 13.04.2016
EU-SILC survey Income and living conditions in Latvia 2014 08.05.2015
EU-SILC survey Material deprivation in Latvia 2013 (only in Latvian) 30.06.2014
EU-SILC survey Income and living conditions in Latvia 2013 26.05.2014
EU-SILC survey Material deprivation in Latvia in 2012 (only in Latvian) 28.06.2013
EU-SILC survey Income and living conditions in Latvia 2012 11.06.2013
EU-SILC survey Material Deprivation of Latvia in 2011 (only in Latvian) 20.04.2012
EU-SILC survey Material Deprivation of Latvia in 2010 (only in Latvian) 30.06.2011
EU-SILC survey Material Deprivation of Latvia in 2009 (only in Latvian) 30.06.2010
EU-SILC survey Material Deprivation of Latvia in 2007 (only in Latvian) 30.06.2009


In the survey of Community Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) following classifications are used:

  • International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08);
  • Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 2);
  • International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED).

A Classification Catalogue with classification codes and their explanations has been published on the CSB website.

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

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Data collection

Survey method and data source

This data is obtained in survey “European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC)”. One of the main study objects of the EU-SILC is annual income of a household–their composition and level.

In order to acquire information four questionnaires were developed: Household Register, Household Questionnaire Form and Individual Questionnaire Form. Each questionnaire has its own aim and information in each questionnaire does not overlap with information in other forms. Fourth form is a module questionnaire that each year aims at researching different theme.

Household Register is questionnaire, which includes general information on each household member. It is mainly demographic information on persons living in the household, as well as on those persons, who have left the household.

Household Questionnaire Form includes questions concerning the household generally. It includes following questions:

  1. housing and housing conditions;
  2. housing costs;
  3. economic situation of the household;
  4. total household income;
  5. inter-household transfers;
  6. agricultural production in household.

Individual Questionnaire Form is filled in on each household member aged 16 and over. It includes questions on:

  1. employment;
  2. income;
  3. education;
  4. health.

Survey is based also on data of the State Revenue Service on natural persons/taxpayers and State Social Insurance Agency data on state pensions and benefits.

Target population

The basic unit of EU-SILC survey is persons living in private households. Survey does not include collective households (old peoples’ homes, boarding schools for disabled children, student hostels, hotels, barracks, hospitals, sanatoriums, prisons, etc.).

During the survey information was obtained on whole household as well as on each household member aged 16 and over. Households belonging to longitudinal section are surveyed for several years (maximum 4 years). In Latvia four-year rotation panel is used and all household members, who in the first survey year were at age of at least 14, are sample respondents.

Sample size

Year 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Sample size of EU-SILC 5 813 6 018 6 717 7 042 7 610 8 151 8 463 8 572 8 510 8 209 8 008 8 022 8 087
Completed questionnaire sets 3 843 4 315 4 471 5 196 5 797 6 255 6 599 6 499 6 309 6 125 6 113 6 042 6 014
Individual interviews (persons) 7 913 9 071 9 270 10 910 12 207 12 999 13 503 12 964 12 442 11 929 11 726 11 637 11 304
Non-response rate 33.9% 28.3% 33.4% 26.2% 23.8% 23.3% 22.0% 24.2% 25.9% 25.4% 23.7% 24,7% 25,6%

Statistical processing

Calculation methods

EU-SILC data are extrapolated on all private household and household members living in these households. Weighting process includes application of design weights, which are corrected by actual response rate. Additional data are calibrated by population sex and age.

Data revision

Published data are not revised.


Comparability over time

Depending on the indicators about data on the topic Social and cultural  participation are available for years 2006, 2013 and 2015.

International comparability


Description of the Eurostat methodology is available from

Data on modules of EU-SILC survey is published in Eurostat webpage. The data can be found in section: Population and social conditions/ Living conditions and welfare/ Income and living conditions/EU-SILC ad-hoc modules.

Contact person on methodology

Name Surname Phone number Position Email
Viktors Veretjanovs +371 67366609 Senior Expert Viktors [dot] Veretjanovs [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv

Last update


Household budget and household consumption expenditure

Household disposable income

Material deprivation

Number of private households

Explanation of symbols


Magnitude zero


Less than half of the unit employed


Data not available or too uncertain for presentation


Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless


Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers


Magnitude zero