Data on doctorate holders in Latvia are used to acquire internationally comparable information on doctorate holders in Latvia (aged under 70), which have acquired doctorate (in compliance with International Standardized Classification of Education – ISCED 6) in Latvia or abroad.

The information acquired within the framework of survey covered data on educational attainment of doctorate holders (time when and country where doctorate was acquired, field of doctorate); labour status; income in 2006 and 2009 etc.


Income before taxes in 2006 and 2009, without subtracting mandatory state social contributions paid by employees and population income tax (so called gross earnings).

For the purpose of Survey on Careers of Doctorate Holders – persons aged under 70 which have obtained doctor degree in Latvia or outside it (International Standardised Classification of Education – ISCED level 6).

Sample included:

  • persons which during Soviet times have become doctoral candidates or obtained doctor degree in the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic, or anywhere else in the former Soviet Union and which doctoral candidate’s or doctor degree is considered equal to doctorate degree of the Republic of Latvia (excluding doctorate degree obtained in the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic, which has been awarded for dissertation on Marxism-Leninism, Scientific Communism, history of Soviet Communist (Bolshevik) Party, scientific atheism, soviet law, apologetics of the soviet ideology organisations, as well as for thesis which glorify totalitarian ideology or discredit and/or deny sovereignty of the Latvian Republic);
  • persons awarded with the doctorate degree in Latvia after the restoration of the independence of the Republic of Latvia;
  • persons awarded with the doctorate degree outside Latvia. 

Field of doctorate degree of the awarded degree according to Frascati Manual (Proposed Standard Practise for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, OECD).

For the purpose of the survey – doctorate holder who devotes to scientific purposes at least 10% of his working time.

Data availability

Dissemination format and Release calendar

Theme Reference period Actual release datesort icon Remarks
Doctorate holders
  • 2010

Sample survey “Careers of Doctorate holders” takes place once in three years. Science annual data»

News releases


Download CSB publications on various time periods (starting from 2007) in section E-publications.


Data are collected using Classification of Occupations of the Republic of Latvia based on International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08).

A Classification Catalogue with classification codes and their explanations has been published on the CSB website.

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

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Data collection

Survey method and data source

Data were acquired with the help of sample survey "Careers of doctorate holders" that was conducted in 2007 and 2010. The following information acquisition methods have been used:

  • questionnaires (sent and received by e-mail);
  • phone interviews (interviewing with a printed questionnaire);
  • face-to-face interviewing with a printed questionnaire (PAPI – paper and pencil interviewing).

Target population

Within the framework of the survey doctorate holders aged under 70 were surveyed.

Sample size

Sample frame was formed of the following information sources: database of doctorate holders of Latvian Council of Science; Scientific institution register of the Ministry of Education and Science (list of persons employed in these institutions), database of the Academic information centre; various other information sources on the Internet.

  • In 2010 – sample included 1500 doctorate holders aged under 70 (response rate – 65%);
  • In 2007 – sample included 2000 doctorate holders aged under 70 (response rate – 71%).

Statistical processing

Calculation methods

Stratified simple random sampling has been used. The information obtained from the respondents is summarized with the help of weights set for the each sample unit.

Data revision

Data published are final and will not revised.


Comparability over time

Data on doctorate holders are available from 2006.

Starptautiskie salīdzinājumi


Information on doctorate holders in the EU and in each country separately is available in the homepage of Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) in section: Statistics/ Science and technology/ Science, technology and innovation/ Database/ Career Development of Doctorate Holders.

Contact person on methodology

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Explanation of symbols


Magnitude zero


Less than half of the unit employed


Data not available or too uncertain for presentation


Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless


Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers


Magnitude zero