Data on breakdown of employees are used to find out allocation of employees by income, economic activity and sector of the enterprise, as well as sex and age of the employee.

Definitions

Employee is:

  • person who on the basis of labour contract does certain job under supervision of the employer and receives for this job agreed wage or salary;
  • deputy of the Saeima, deputy of the local government, member of the Cabinet of Minsters, member of commercial company, council, managing clerk, controller;
  • other person holding a post granting rights to receive remuneration;
  • person who has concluded contractor, sharecropper or transportation agreement and has not registered as payer of the tax of income received form economic activity;
  • officer of the Ministry of Interior system institutions and Latvian Prison Administration with special rank or militaries of the structural units under supervision of the Ministry of Defence;
  • officer of the state civil service;
  • authorized agent of the non-citizen of Latvia, which not having legal relations with this merchant represents the activities of the person related to the business branch of the merchant form foreign country.

Total number of employees includes also employees wages and salaries of which for the corresponding month were not calculated (e.g., childcare leave or unpaid leave was granted, maternity, paternity or sickness benefit was granted, as well as in accordance with the contractor agreement wage or salary is paid after the work is completed).

Number of employees does not include self-employed persons, who manage state social insurance payments by themselves, as well as domestic employees working for a foreign employer or foreign employees working for a foreign employer.

Income includes all gross income calculated in salaried job from which income tax paid by employee is withheld (including non-taxable minimum, tax relieves, the eligible expenses for which the taxpayer has the right to reduce taxable income, statutory state social security contributions).

Income includes:
  • wages and salaries, 
  • lump sum and systematic remuneration, 
  • remuneration for civil service, 
  • regular and irregular premiums and bonuses, 
  • holiday allowance, 
  • severance pay and other allowances, 
  • compensation for unused leave in a case of dismissal,
  • illness benefit (sick list A),
  • presents and prises total value of which in taxation year exceeds the value of minimum monthly wages and salaries,
  • stipends paid by the employer,
  • training paid by the employer not necessary for work duties,
  • various events if it is possible to personify them - other payments or benefits received from employer if they are not directly related to economic activity of the employer or are not approved with source documents. 

All employees are arranged by their income in an ascending order, and successively divided into ten equal groups according to the number of employees. Each group includes 10% of all employees. Deciles are the highest income values of these groups.The first decile shows that income of 10% of employees is less or equal to the highest value of the first decile. The second decile is equal to the highest income value of the second group. Similar approach is used for other deciles. The tenth decile is equal to highest income value of the tenth decile. Due to the fact that the tenth decile is equal to the highest value of income of all employees, the tenth decile is confidential and is not published. In turn the 5th decile at the same time is the median - half of the employees receive smaller or equal income to the value of the 5th decile, and the other half - greater or equal income to the value of the 5th decile. Usually the median value of employment income is smaller than the arithmetic mean value. The difference between the median and the arithmetic mean value shows the income distribution asymmetry. If the distribution was completely symmetrical, the median and the arithmetic average would be the same.

Private sector includes commercial companies with central or local government capital participation up to 50%, commercial companies of all types without central or local government capital participation, individual merchants, and peasant and fishermen farms with 50 and more employees.

Public sector is central and local government institutions and their commercial companies, commercial companies with central or local government capital participation 50% and over, foundations, associations, funds and their commercial companies.

Data availability

Dissemination Format and Release Calendar

Publications

Download CSB publications on various time periods (starting from 2007) in section E-publications and subscribe for paper publications in section Publications.

Data are published also in monthly bulletins and yearbooks. Publications are available in the E-publications section under topic "General Statistics".

Theme Title Release datesort icon ZIP/PDF
Breakdown of employees by wages and salaries Emlpoyees in breakdown by income in 2015 (only in Latvian) 22.04.2016
Breakdown of employees by wages and salaries Employees in breakdown by uncome in 2014 (only in Latvian) 24.04.2015
Breakdown of employees by wages and salaries Employees in breakdown by income in 2013 (only in Latvian) 14.04.2014
Breakdown of employees by wages and salaries Breakdown of employees by income in 2012 (only in Latvian) 17.04.2013
Breakdown of employees by wages and salaries Breakdown of Employees by Income in 2011 (only in Latvian) 18.04.2012
Breakdown of employees by wages and salaries Breakdown of employees by income in 2010 (only in Latvian) 30.06.2011
Breakdown of employees by wages and salaries Breakdown of employees by income 2010-02 (only in Latvian) 30.06.2010
Breakdown of employees by wages and salaries Breakdown of employees by income 2010-01 (only in Latvian) 31.03.2010
Breakdown of employees by wages and salaries Breakdown of employees by income in the 1st half of 2009 (only in Latvian) 30.06.2009

Classification

Data are compiled, calculated and published by using Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community, Rev. 2 (NACE Rev. 2).

A Classification Catalogue with classification codes and their explanations has been published on the CSB website.

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

Read more

Data collection

Survey method and source data

Data on breakdown of employees by income were acquired by compiling reports on statutory state social security contributions paid from income of employees, population income tax and entrepreneurship risk state duty in the reference month submitted by the employers to the State Revenue Service (Annex 3 of the regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers of September 7, 2010 No 827 "Report on Compulsory State Social Security Contributions from Income of Employees, Population Income Tax and Business Risk State Duty in the reference month"), (Annex 31 of the regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers of September 7, 2010 No 827 “Report regarding the employment income, personal income tax and state mandatory social insurance contributions of the payers of the income tax for seasonal farm workers”) and tax declarations of micro-enterprises (regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers of April 8, 2014 No 190 "Tax Declaration of Micro-enterprises").

Statistical Population

All paid employees who must be reported to the State Revenue Service sending a statement on the compulsory social insurance contributions from the employee’s income, personal income tax and business risk state duty in the reporting month; or who are included in a micro-enterprise tax return and employed in commercial companies, agricultural holdings and fishermen’s farms, foundations, associations, funds, institutions, organisations, institutions as well as natural persons and sole proprietors.

Statistical processing

Calculation methods

When receiving administrative data from the State Revenue Service, arithmetical and logical controls of the source data are carried out, comparing them with the Statistical Business Register information and data on the previous month.

If some of the indicators in administrative data are missing or are incorrect, necessary corrections are made basing on the administrative data on the particular enterprise regarding previous month. Statistical Business Register ensures topical information on economically active statistical units.

Revised data are processed and developed in a way ensuring that each employee is included in the database once, summing earnings gained in all jobs. Employee is registered with the enterprise bringing the highest earnings.

Data are supplemented with the necessary information from the Statistical Business Register; age is calculated from the identity code, gender is added from the Population Register. Processed data in corresponding wage groups are grouped by economic activity and sector of the enterprise as well as by sex and age of the person.

Number of employees includes all employees, wages and salaries of which were calculated during the reference period, regardless the number of hours worked. Moreover, one person is included only once, summing the earnings gained in all jobs.

The average number of employees per year, broken down by income group, has been calculated as the arithmetic average by summing the data for each month and dividing the result by 12.

Data revision

Monthly data are revised in the last month of each quarter, when quarterly file of the micro-enterprises is received.

Comparability

Comparability over time

Comparable data available from 2008.

Confidentiality

Confidentiality of the information provided by respondents is protected by the Section 17 of the Statistics Law stipulating rights and obligations of the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia and other state authorities producing official statistics. Read more

Contact person on methodology

Name Surname Phone number Position Email
Lija Luste 67366917 daļas vadītājs Lija.Luste@csb.gov.lv

Last update

23.12.2015

Average and real monthly wages and salaries

Hours paid and worked

Explanation of symbols

-

Magnitude zero

0

Less than half of the unit employed

...

Data not available or too uncertain for presentation

X

Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless

.

Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers

0

Magnitude zero