Data are acquired and calculated in compliance with the criteria set by the European Parliament and Council Regulation No 1166/2008 (19 November 2008).  Agricultural Census is conducted once in 10 years, and within it the following data are acquired: general characteristics of the holding, owner and manager thereof, land use, number of livestock, organic farming systems, agricultural buildings and machinery available on holding, tillage methods and soil conservation measures, animal housings, manure facilities etc. indicators.


In compliance with Article 39 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 (available at: a support is granted to farmers who make agri-environmental commitments on a voluntary basis to compensate for the costs and income foregone.

Agri-environment payments within the framework of organic farming - in compliance with Article 39 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 a support is granted to farmers, if the holding practices agriculture according to certain set standards and rules specified in Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007.

Buildings owned or rented by the holding and used in agricultural production within the last 12 months.

Basic training in agriculture – refers to all training courses providing basic knowledge in different agricultural branches, for which a qualification certificate has been received.

Vocational education or professional secondary education in agriculture refers to a 1-year agricultural school (finished after acquired secondary education), professional school, vocational school, college, vocational secondary school, agricultural school or agricultural technical school.

Higher agricultural education – person has acquired vocational or academic higher education in agricultural field.

Vocational training undertaken during the last 12 months – knowledge was raised outside the holding in training courses organised by training centres, scientific institutions, where training programme is developed by specialists and pedagogues.

Technically and economically independent unit having common management producing agricultural products or preserving good agricultural and environmental conditions in the soil.

Holdings may produce also non-agricultural products and provide non-agricultural services.

Number of agricultural machinery units owned by farmers and used for production of agricultural products.

Joint property agricultural machinery is included in the agricultural holdings belonging to a natural or legal person, whose data are included in the registration certificate.

Products of field crops, horticultural crops, vegetables, livestock as well as other agricultural products sold outside the holding for charge, as labour remuneration or gifts, and agricultural services provided for charge, except veterinary services.

A unit of work devoted to agriculture, calculated assuming that each person employed in agriculture has worked 230 working days or 1840 hours during the previous 12 months.

Arable land that is cultivated with the same crop for 3 years or more consecutively and which is not part of a planned crop rotation.

Areas regularly farmed, usually in accordance with the crop rotation scheme of the holding.

It includes sown areas of agricultural crops, fallows, areas of strawberries, flowers and open areas of ornamental plants, open nurseries and utilised areas of greenhouses.

Arable land that is ploughed or otherwise tilled in autumn and is not sown or covered during winter with any plant residues, remaining bare until the pre-seeding or seeding agro-technical operations in the following spring period.

Stanchion-tied stable with solid dung and liquid manure animals are tied to their places and kept on concrete floors with bedding (e.g. straw, chopped straw, sawdust) and a shallow gutter at the rear of the animals to collect part of the faeces and the urine, whilst part is regularly removed as solid manure.

Stanchion-tied stable with slurry animals are tied to their places and are kept on level concrete with a channel covered by a grid at the rear of the animals or fully slated floor to collect faeces and urine as slurry.

Loose housing with solid dung and liquid manure animals are allowed to move freely and are kept on sloping concrete with solid bedding dung collected once a year, if animals are kept in cubicle houses, liquid manure is collected in passage ways.

Loose housing with slurry animals are allowed to move freely and are kept in the building divided into rows of individual stalls or cubicles in which animals lay when at rest but are not restrained. A small amount of bedding is placed in each cubicle. Faeces and urine are collected hydraulically in the concrete passage-ways with slatted floor between the rows of cubicles.

Land used for grain production only.

Tillage method in which pre-sowing soil treatment and sowing takes place simultaneously, using complex implements in various combinations (soil tillage + fertilising + sowing).

Tillage practice or system of practices that leaves plant residues (at least 30%) on the soil surface for erosion control and moisture conservation, normally by not inverting the soil.

Includes ploughing, cultivation, fertilizer application.

Each tillage procedure takes place sequentially.

All dairy cows, including cull dairy cows, and dry cows and heifers, which have calved.

In compliance with Article 53 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 (available at: a support is granted to diversification into non-agricultural activities within the measures to diversify the rural economy.

The economic size of the holding is used for comparison of production indicators and operating surpluses of holdings having different production structure, i.e., different crops, sown areas, number and species of livestock.

In the European Union the economic size of a holding is expressed with the standard output (SO).

Agricultural holding producing agricultural goods regardless of the volume of production and type of their use, or preserving good agricultural and environmental conditions in the soil.

In compliance with Article 55 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 (available at: a support is granted to encouragement of tourism activities, such as:

  • development of small-scale infrastructure;
  • development of recreational infrastructure;
  • development and marketing of tourism services relating to rural tourism.

Area prepared for sowing of winter and spring crops that in order to destroy weeds, accumulate nourishing substances and moisture the soil, is farmed throughout the entire vegetation period.

All laying hens regardless of whether eggs are planned to be used for consumption or incubation, including laying hens and cocks for slaughter.

A natural person, a group of natural persons or a legal person who is legally and economically responsible for the holding, regardless of the type of tenure (owned, used or rented).

An area smaler than 1 ha, where agricultural products are grown only for consumption of persons living in the corresponding agricultural holding. Usually it is separated from the rest of the agricultural area, and in one plot several crops are grown.

All persons aged over 15, who during the last 12 months before the reference date were employed in crop production, animal production or provided agricultural services for pay or profit in goods or services. The number of hours worked is calculated considering only the hours actually worked in agriculture, including idle time and rest time and excluding lunch breaks and time worked in household and other non-agricultural works, as well as vocations, holidays and illnesses.

Battery cage - housing where the laying hens are kept in cages, one or more in each. Cages are made of steel wires and arranged in long rows. Manure falls into deep pits or channels or is removed.

On straw beds (deep litter-loose housing) - housing where the floor is covered with a thick layer of litter (straw, peat, sawdust, or other similar material binding the manure) that is removed only at intervals that may be several months apart (e.g., once in 6 months).

Other housing - free-range system is included here (a system for keeping poultry in which birds are provided with houses and allowed to run free over a field or large enclosed area of land).

Relative indicator expressed per one cattle aged over two years.

Recalculations are based on the coefficient of the corresponding livestock group.

Activity taking more time or providing higher income.

A natural person – owner him/ herself, owner’s spouse, other owner’s family member or other non-family members – doing managerial work for the agricultural holding thus working in the holding for a certain number of hours.

The amount of the manure and slurry sold, or otherwise removed from the holding during the reference year.

Manure and slurry removed from the agricultural holding for direct use as fertiliser by another agricultural holding or intended for industrial processing (e.g., production of biogas) is included here.

Areas of permanent grassland and meadows no longer used for production purposes which are maintained in good agricultural and environmental condition and are eligible for the single area payment.

Sown areas of various cereal mixtures.

Sown areas where cereals prevail and the admixture of pulses is insignificant.

In compliance with Section 26 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 (available at: a support is granted to material and non-material investments that:

  • improves general activities of the agricultural holding; and
  • meets the community standards that are adjusted to the particular investments.

In compliance with Article 38 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 (available at: a support is granted to farmers in area with handicaps in order to compensate for the costs and income foregone.

Include plantations of flowers, fruit trees, berry bushes, ornamental tree plants, forest tree nurseries and plantations of spruce, fir and other ornamental trees cultivated for sale.

A holding to which organic farming control institutions have granted an organic farming certificate, transition period certificate or reference on initiation of the transition period.

Other gainful activity is any other activity of persons having the main job in agriculture. This activity takes less time than the main activity of the person.

Perennial grass sown during the last five years and perennial grass without cover crops sown in 2010 that is included in plant rotation for up to five years and that satisfies the need of livestock for forage during summer and winter period.

Plantations of fruit trees and berry bushes, including new plantations.

On partially slatted floors – animal houses where the floor is partially slatted and partially solid. Part of the floor has slats where the manure and urine drop down below the floor into a pit, where they form slurry;

On completely slatted floors – animal houses where the floor is fully slatted; i.e. the floor has slats where the manure and urine drop down below the floor into a pit, where they form slurry;

Deep litter-loose housing – animal houses where the floor is covered with a thick layer of litter (straw, peat, sawdust, or other similar material binding the manure and urine) that is removed only at intervals that may be several months apart (e.g., once in 6 months).

Areas destined for the yield of pulses from both pure sowing and mix, where pulses prevail.

July 1, 2010 (number of livestock, equipment and agricultural machinery) or 12 months before the reference date from July 1, 2009 till June 30, 2010 (labour force in agriculture, agricultural production methods).

Persons who during the last twelve months have worked for the holding each week regardless of the working week duration. This indicator includes persons who because of the type of farming were permanently employed only during the work season, for a definite job or production cycle.

One of the soil degradation limitation methods reducing soil erosion.

Standard indicator characterizing the economic activity of an agricultural holding, i.e., value acquired from one hectare of agricultural crops or one livestock head (unit), estimated at prices of the corresponding region and expressed in EUR.

Total standard output characterizes the economic size of the holding in monetary terms. To determine the economic size of the holding the CSB uses Standard Output (SO) per one hectare of agricultural crops and one livestock unit set by the State Institute of Agrarian Economics.

Includes all poultry, including young poultry of the species concerned.

Area which at the moment of the survey was sown or was planned to be sown for the yield of survey year.

Former arable land, meadows, pastures, perennial crops, which due to the high moisture, unsuitable relief, social or economic reasons are not used, as well as, land laying waste.

Agricultural area (arable land, permanent crops, meadows and pastures) actually managed by the holding, regardless of its type of tenure.

Areas which have been used to yield the forage crops for more than five years, and which are not included in the system of crop rotation.

In compliance with Article 28 of Council Regulation No 1698/2005 (available at: support is granted to material and non-material investments that:

  • improve general activities of the enterprises; and
  • apply to agricultural and forestry products processing, development of new products, processes and technologies.

Zero tillage (direct seeding) is a minimum tillage practice in which the crop is sown directly into soil not tilled since the harvest of the previous crop.

Weed control is achieved by the use of herbicides and/ or appropriate mulching.

The crops are sown with seeding machines destined or adapted for this purpose.

Data availability

Dissemination format and release calendar

Agricultural Census - 2001

Agricultural Census - 2010

News releases


Data on Agricultural Census are collected and compiled in compliance with:

  • Classification of Administrative Territories and Territorial Units of the Republic of Latvia (CATTU) on 1 July 2010;
  • Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS);
  • Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 1.2).

A Classification Catalogue with classification codes and their explanations has been published on the CSB website.

Customised data sets

If you would like to obtain statistical data that are not available in publications or in the CSB online data base, please send us an information request:
 - postal mail: 1 Lāčplēša Street, Riga, Latvia, LV-1301;
 - e-mail: info [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv;
 - visiting Information centre.

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Additional information

Due to specifics of electronic data processing technologies and rounding adjustments, slight discrepancies may appear between the published data and results of calculations made by data users.

Data collection

Survey method and data source

Data are acquired by conducting Agricultural Census and Survey on Agricultural Production Methods.

Data sources of Agricultural Census 2010:

  • CSB statistical report form LS-2010 "Agricultural Census 2010" and Annex LS-2010 "Survey on Agricultural Production Methods 2010";
  • Administrative data were used reduce respondent burden and reduce length of the interview on holding;
    • Agricultural Data Centre (ADC) helped to acquire the information on the number of cattle, sheep, goats and horses on holding,
    • Information on rural development support payments to holdings was obtained from the Rural Support Service Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS),
    • Data comparisons were made by additionally using ADC Organic Farming Database and State Revenue Service (SRS) database on number of labour force in agricultural enterprises.

Collection of data for Agricultural Census engaged following methods: laptop computers in interviews, telephone interviewing, respondents were able to fill in the questionnaire on the Internet via the new system CASIS CAWI.

Target population

Agricultural Census included agricultural holdings utilised agricultural area in which exceeded 1 ha or Standard Output (SO) of which exceeded EUR 70 regardless the agricultural area.

SO – Standard indicator characterizing the economic activity of agricultural holding, i.e., value acquired from one hectare of agricultural crops or one livestock head (unit), estimated at prices of corresponding region and expressed in EUR.

Sample size

Survey on Agricultural Production Methods included 20 000 agricultural holdings.

Statistical processing

Calculation methods

After the verification of Survey on Agricultural Production Methods individual data, data are extrapolated and summaries are made.

Data revision

Data are final and are not revised.


Comparability over time

Agricultural Census data are available on 2001 and on 2010.

International comparability


The Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) on its homepage publishes information on agriculture in the EU and in each individual country. This information can be found in the section Tables/ Long-term indicators/ Agriculture, forestry and fisheries/ Agriculture/ Structure of agricultural holdings 2010.

Other comparability

Agricultural Data Centre

Agricultural Data Centre is compiling information on the number of livestock, breakdown thereof by age and use groups within the territory of Latvia; moreover it is publishing data also on other animals: poultry, rabbits, fur animals, fishponds, bee colonies, wild birds, nutrias, aquacultures, and wild animals.


Confidentiality of the information provided by respondents is protected by the Section 17 of the Statistics Law stipulating rights and obligations of the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia and other state authorities producing official statistics. Read more

Contact person on methodology

Name Surname Phone number Position Email
Anita Raubena 67366977 departamenta direktora vietnieks

Last update


Farm Structure Survey

Number of agricultural machinery

Explanation of symbols


Magnitude zero


Less than half of the unit employed


Data not available or too uncertain for presentation


Figure not applicable because column heading and stub line make entry impossible, absurd or meaningless


Data not released for confidentiality reasons

If data are absolute numbers


Magnitude zero