Yield of cereals is increasing

18.02.2013

Data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau show that in 2012 for the first time in history the harvested production of grain in Latvia reached 2.1 million tons, with the yield of cereals growing till 37.0 quintals from ha. The total production in 2012 exceeded the production of 2011 by 712.5 thsd tons or by 50.5%.

Size of cereal cropland in 2012 comprised 574.6 thsd ha – the largest area in the last 18 years and 48.0 thsd ha or 9.1% more than in 2011. The share of cereal cropland in the total sown area in 2012 constituted 51.2%.

Sown area of winter cereals increased by 67.8 thsd ha or 27.9% as compared to the previous year, of which winter wheat – by 57.1 thsd ha or 28.4% and rye – by 8.6 thsd ha or 30.7%.

In its turn, sown area of spring cereals dropped by 19.8 thsd ha or 7.0%.

Winter wheat had the largest share or 57.5% in the total production of cereals. With the average yield from one ha in 2012 reaching 47.3 quintals, 1.2 mln tons were harvested, which is 602.6 thsd tons or 97.4% more than in 2011.

In 2012 totally 1711.4 thsd tons of cereals grown in Latvia were purchased, and it is 650.3 thsd tons or 61.3% more than in 2011. Wheat constituted 83.4% of the purchased grain – an increase of 563.9 thsd tons or 65.3%, of which food wheat grew by 289.5 thsd tons or 47.6%.

70.2 thsd tons of rye were purchased in 2012, which is 2.2 times more than in the previous year, of which food rye - 74.7 thsd tons or 2.9 times more.

The average purchase prices of grain continued to grow, which was affected by the high grain prices in the world stock market. In 2012 the average grain prices grew from LVL 134.70 per ton in 2011 to LVL 145.62 per ton in 2012.

Harvested production, purchase and average purchase price of grain

The share of sown area of rape in the total sown area slightly decreased and in 2012 comprised 10.5% (in 2011 – 11.2%). The sown areas declined by 3.8 thsd ha or 3.1%, which was affected by drop in sown area of spring rape of 23.5 thsd ha or 30.5%. The sown areas of winter rape increased by 19.7 thsd ha or 44.5%, with the average yield from one ha growing from 20.1 quintals in 2011 to 32.1 quintals in 2012, having effect on the total rape production increase of 84.4 thsd tons or 38.5%.

With the growth in the average yield of potatoes per one ha from 168 quintals in 2011 to 191 quintals in 2012, 40.3 thsd tons or 8.1% more potatoes were harvested as compared to the previous year with the area decreasing by 5.1%.

In 2012, 161.4 thsd tons of vegetables were grown (including vegetables in greenhouses), and it is 6.8 thsd tons or 4.1% less than a year before. The open field vegetable areas dropped by 0.8%, while the harvested production of vegetables decreased by 2.9%, and the average yield from 1 ha declined from 186 quintals in 2011 to 182 quintals in 2012.                

Sown area of agricultural crops (thsd ha)

 

2011

2012*)

2012 as % of  2011

Total sown area

1086.7

1122.1

103.3

Cereals

526.6

574.6

109.1

    Winter cereals

243.2

311.0

127.9

      wheat

200.9

258.0

128.4

      rye

28.4

37.0

130.7

      triticale

9.9

13.3

133.7

    Spring cereals

283.4

263.6

93.0

      wheat     

110.4

96.7

87.6

      barley

94.7

85.2

90.0

      oats

59.3

62.0

104.6

      buckwheat

9.5

11.7

122.3

Rape

121.3

117.5

96.9

Potatoes

29.7

28.2

94.9

Vegetables (open field)

8.1

8.1

99.2

Total crop production and average yield

 

Total production, thsd t

Average yield, quintals per ha

 

2011

2012*)

2012 as % of  2011

2011

2012*)

Cereals

1412.0

2124.5

150.5

26.8

37.0

    Winter cereals

713.7

1406.1

197.0

29.3

45.2

      wheat

618.8

1221.4

197.4

30.8

47.3

      rye

64.0

124.2

194.0

22.6

33.5

      triticale

21.4

48.8

228.6

21.5

36.8

    Spring cereals

698.3

718.4

102.9

24.6

27.3

      wheat     

320.7

318.4

99.3

29.0

32.9

      barley

227.2

236.9

104.2

24.0

27.8

      oats

120.9

137.0

113.3

20.4

22.1

      buckwheat

9.6

8.0

83.2

10.0

6.8

Rape

219.1

303.5

138.5

18.1

25.8

Potatoes

498.6

538.9

108.1

168

191

Vegetables

168.2

161.4

95.9

186

182

*) Provisional data

 

Prepared by the Agricultural Statistics Section
Tel.67366981
Guna Karlsone