Usage of information and communications technologies by households in 2005

20.06.2006

A survey on usage of information and communications technologies (ICT) was carried out by CSB with financial support of European Commission. The main purpose of the survey was to obtain data on usage of computers and Internet in households and amongst population. Such survey is being carried out according to united methodology in each member state of European Union, therefore, the results obtained are comparable.

The data of CSB show an especially rapid development of mobile communications devices in 2005. In comparison with 2004, the number of households possessing mobile phones rose by 16 percentage points. As result of that, mobile phones were used in 2005 by three fourths of all households of Latvia. In addition, 40% of households use mobile phone that allows access to Internet (WAP, GPRS, UMTS). Nevertheless, only 16% of these households had connected their mobile phones to Internet. The supply of households with information and communications devices is shown in the chart:

Supply of households with information and communications devices

(per cent of total number of households in the relevant group)

According to survey data, the availability of desktop or laptop computers in the property of households has increased during the previous year by 6 percentage points. Each third household having a desktop or laptop computer also had Internet connection.

Survey data show that, in 2005, 31% of households used Internet at home (15% in 2004). It means that the use of Internet at home has increased by 16 percentage points. A factor greatly contributing to Internet connections in households is the presence of children and adolescents.

The fact that households with 3 adults without children represent a high share of Internet connections is due to the fact that these households frequently have adolescents in the age of 16 and over who were accounted for as adults in this survey.

Share of households with access to Internet and broadband connection in 2005
amongst member states of EU

(per cent of total number of households in the relevant country)

 

All households

Households of high population density territories

Households of medium population density territories

Households of low population density territories

Broadband connection

Internet access

Broadband connection

Internet access

Broadband connection

Internet access

Broadband connection

Internet access

EU 25

23

48

27

52

23

49

15

40

EU 15

25

53

28

55

25

53

19

49

Belgium

41

50

40

49

44

54

29

41

Czech Republic

5

19

7

22

5

18

3

17

Denmark

51

75

59

80

52

74

42

70

Germany

23

62

25

62

24

61

15

62

Estonia

30

39

37

45

22

32

Greece

1

22

1

29

3

15

0

16

Spain

21

36

26

42

20

34

10

23

Italy

13

39

16

41

13

38

6

34

Cyprus

4

32

7

40

3

39

1

16

Latvia

14

31

21

38

11

37

7

23

Lithuania

12

16

20

25

6

9

Luxembourg

39

77

38

68

42

83

36

81

Hungary

11

22

19

32

11

22

5

14

Netherlands

54

78

57

80

53

78

49

75

Austria

23

47

30

49

24

48

15

44

Poland

16

30

26

40

15

31

5

19

Portugal

20

31

27

36

16

30

11

23

Slovenia

19

48

28

53

50

13

45

Slovakia

7

23

15

33

4

19

Finland

36

54

43

59

42

56

30

51

Sweden

40

73

45

67

49

83

36

72

United Kingdom

32

60

34

58

34

64

22

67

& Eurostat data, Community survey on usage of ICT by enterprises. Data on France, Ireland, and Malta were not available.

Slightly more than one half (56%) of population of Latvia have used computers at least once in their lives. The most rapid increase was observed amongst those computer users having used computers within the preceding 3 months. Their share was 47% in 2005 and 41% in 2004 – increase by 6 percentage points).

The results of survey of 2005 show that the usage rate of Internet has grown considerably. A significant rise of number of persons having used Internet within the preceding 3 months was observed. According to survey data, 49% of population of Latvia have used Internet at least once in their lives.

Share of population having used computers and Internet in 2005

(per cent of total number of households in the relevant group)

The usage of computers and Internet stands in inverse proportion to the age of persons. Within the preceding 3 months, computers were used by 88% in the age group 16-24, by 51% in the age group 35-44, and only by 17% in the age group from 54 to 74. Accordingly, Internet was used by 84% in the age group 16-24, by 42% in the age group 35-44, and only by 9% of population in the age group from 54 to 74. It must be concluded that still no tendency is being observed that the share of aged people amongst the users of Internet would increase.

 Usage of Internet within the preceding year amongst population

(per cent of total number of population of the relevant country)

Most Internet users used it on regular base – at least once a week. Accordingly, there follows a conclusion that the segment of Internet users becomes more active, namely, the possibilities provided by Internet are being used increasingly more frequently.

 Regular users of Internet are mainly young people, residents with higher education, students, and economically active residents having access to Internet at their study and working places. A very low level of experience in work with computers and Internet is amongst unemployed and otherwise inactive persons (as pensioners, housewives, permanently sick residents and disabled persons), whose relatively low income and lack of knowledge excludes them from the range of users.

Computers and Internet were used on regular base (almost daily or at least once a week) by over two thirds of users of computers and Internet (89% and 87% respectively). These results show that people have the necessity to use computers and Internet more frequently.

&  Eurostat data, Community survey on usage of ICT by enterprises. Data on France and Malta were not available.

Prepared by
Trade and Services Statistics Section
Phone 7366726, Natalya Zvonkova