On trends of food consumption in households in 2010


Data of the Household Budget Survey compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau show that along with the decrease in the total consumption expenditure (by 8.8%, if compared to 2009), also household expenditure on food and non-alcoholic beverages in 2010 continued to reduce (by 3%).

Household expenditure and changes of consumer price index of food and non-alcoholic beverages
(as % of previous year)

Analysis of the household expenditure in breakdown by product groups shows that it has grown only in vegetable and potato group (by 4.3%). That may be explained with the increase in consumer prices for vegetables and potatoes (by 9.4%).

The expenditure on food in the budget of an average household comprised LVL 50 per household member per month (in 2009 LVL 52). Private household on average spent 28.3% of all consumption expenditure on food (in 2009 26.7%). Share of expenditure on food in the total consumption expenditure has grown, and it indicates a reduction of welfare level in households.

In accordance with the Household Budget Survey data, an “average” resident drank 50 litres of milk, ate 197 eggs, consumed 87 kg of potatoes, but 1.7 kg of coffee beans, in turn, were spent to make a coffee. More detailed data in the table below.

Changes in consumption of selected food products in 2009 and 2010
(average per household member per year)

Food products

All households



2010 over 2009, %*

Wheat bread (kg)




Rye bread, fine rye-bread etc. kinds of bread (kg)




Pastry-cook products (kg)




Beef, veal (kg)




Pork (kg)




Poultry (kg)




Sausages, smoked meat (kg)




 Fresh, chilled or frozen fish (kg)




Whole milk (l)




Milk with lower fat content (l)




Eggs (pieces)




Apples, pears (kg)




Fresh cabbages (kg)




Fresh cucumbers (kg)




Fresh tomatoes (kg)




Potatoes (kg)




Sugar (kg)




Note: Table data reflect only consumption of food production at home.

The consumption of food products1 was influenced also by the changes of consumer prices for food. Similarly as in 2009, households have preferred cheaper food products or the ones, prices of which have been reduced. For example, if compared to 2009, consumer prices for meat and meat products in 2010 reduced more noticeably than prices for other food products – by 5.1%. Therefore, the consumption of pork has grown – from 18 kg per household member in 2009 to 22 kg in 2010. Generally it may be concluded that consumption of fresh and chilled meat has increased, and the consumption of processed meat products in the meantime has reduced. In the group of dairy products the consumption of whole milk has diminished, but the consumption of milk with lower fat content and fermented milk products has risen.

Consumption of food products (purchased, own-produced and received free-of-charge) differs in various regions of Latvia. For example, residents of Riga region purchase cheese, yogurt, fresh, dried and frozen fruit, tomatoes and ice-cream as well as mineral water more often than residents of other regions. Though total consumption of products purchased, own-produced and received free-of-charge in Riga and Pierīga regions is lower than in other regions, because residents of these regions more often have meals out. But households of Latgale region, in turn, more often cook at home, and therefore their consumption of rye bread, fish, whole milk, sour cream, eggs, sugar, fresh vegetables and mushrooms is higher than the one of the residents in other regions. But in Zemgale region the consumption of potatoes and fresh meat in 2010 was the highest among all regions of Latvia (120 kg and 42 kg on average per household member per year, respectively), but households of Kurzeme leave behind other regions in the consumption of strawberries, reaching 6 kg, while the average indicator in Latvia comprised only 3 kg on average per household member per year.

When analysing the changes in food product consumption, the expenditure of the private households in public catering enterprises (this expenditure is not included in the consumption of products purchased, own-produced and received free-of-charge) has to be taken into account. Data of the Household Budget Survey show that in 2010 households have saved on public catering services, because, if compared to the year before, this expenditure has reduced by 18%. Moreover, the share of expenditure on public catering in the total consumption expenditure has decreased. Namely, in 2010 households allocated only 3.7% of total consumption expenditure for this purpose (4.1% in 2009).


Prepared by Living Standard’s Statistics Section
Kristīne Germane
Tel. 67366995

1 Consumption of products purchased, own-produced and received free-of-charge not taking into account the consumption of food in restaurants, canteens etc. catering enterprises.